Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant guideline study, available as unpublished report, no restrictions, fully adequate for assessment.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2006
Report Date:
2006

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
RCC Ltd., 4452 Itingen, Switzerland
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): FAT 40826/A
- Lot/batch No.: TZ 5604 BOP 01/06
- Expiration date: 1 February 2011
- Purity: Content of organic part (Na-salt): approx. 78%. Oligomers: 13%. Main component: approx. 48%.
- Stability of test item: Stable under storage conditions
- Stability of test item dilution: Stable in water for at least 7 days at room temperature.
- Storage conditions: At room temperature (range of 20 ± 5 °C) in a exsiccator, light protected.

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: RCC Ltd, Laboratory Animal Services, CH-4414 Füllinsdorf / Switzerland
- Age when treated: males: 7-8 weeks, females: 12-13 weeks
- Housing: During acclimatization in groups of five per sex in Makrolon type-4 cages with standard softwood bedding. lndividually in Makrolon type-3 cages with standard softwood beddlng ('Lignocel', Schill AG, CH-4132 Muttenz) during treatment and observation.
- Diet: Pelleted standard Provimi Kliba 3433 rat/mouse maintenance diet, batch no. 001/06 (Provimi Kliba AG, CH-4303 Kaiseraugst/Switzerland), ad libitum,
- Water: Community tap water from Füllinsdorf, ad libitum.
- Acclimation period: Under laboratory conditions, after health examination.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22±3
- Humidity (%): 30-70
- Air changes (per hr): 10-15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
water
Details on dermal exposure:
One day before treatment, the backs of the animals were clipped with an electric clipper, exposing an area of approximately 10% of the total body surface. Only those animals without injury or irritation on the skin were used in the test. On test day 1, the test item was applied at a dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight evenly on the intact skin with a syringe and covered with a semi-occlusive dressing. The dressing was wrapped around the abdomen and fixed with an elastic adhesive bandage. Application volume/kg body weight: 6 mL. 24 hours after the application the dressing was removed and the skin was flushed with lukewarm tap water and dried with disposable paper towels. Thereafter, the reaction sites were assessed. The fur of all animals was shaved on test days 9 just after the assessment of the reaction to facilitate the skin reading for the next day.
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg/kg body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5/sex/dose
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Mortality/Viability: Daily during the acclimatization period, during the first 30 minutes and at approximately 1, 2, 3 and 5 hours after administration on test day 1 (with the clinical signs) and twice daily during days 2-15. Body weights: On test days 1 (prior to administration), 8 and 15. Clinical signs: Daily during the acclimatization period, during the first 30 minutes and at approximately 1, 2, 3 and 5 hours after administration on test day 1. Once daily during days 2-15. Local signs: Once daily during days 2-15. All abnormalities were recorded.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: All animals were killed at the end of the observation period by carbon dioxide asphyxiation and discarded after macroscopic examinations were performed. No organs or tissues were retained.
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was used.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No deaths occurred during the study.
Clinical signs:
No systemic signs of toxicity were observed during the study period. Orange red staining of the treated skin area produced by the test item was noted in all animals on test day 2 after removal of the dressing and on test day 3 and persisted until test day 4, 5, and 11.
Body weight:
The body weight of the animals was within the range commonly recorded for this strain and age.
Gross pathology:
No macroscopic findings were observed at necropsy.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The toxicity of the test substance is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

In a GLP compliant dermal toxicity study, performed according to OECD guideline 402, Wistar rats (5/sex) were treated with the test substance (2000 mg/kg bw) by dermal application. The test substance was diluted in water, administered on the skin with a syringe and covered with a semi-occlusive dressing for 24 hours. After 24 hours the dressing was removed and the skin was flushed with lukewarm tap water. A 14-day observation period followed. No deaths occurred during the study and the body weight of the animals was within the range commonly recorded for this strain and age. No systemic signs of toxicity or macroscopic findings were observed. An orange red staining of the treated are was noted up to day 11. Based on the observations, the toxicity of the test substance is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.