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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
toxicity to birds
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Mill scale is mainly and primarily composed of high-purity iron oxides (on average above 65%, i.e. FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4). Besides, other metal oxides and spinels, elements, and trace compounds such as oil residues <1% for all the uses except for batteries and Melting charge for which <3% can be found in the mill scale. More information on the justification of read across can be found in the attached document in the endpoint summaries of section 5 and 6.

Data source

Materials and methods

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Iron
EC Number:
231-096-4
EC Name:
Iron
Cas Number:
7439-89-6
IUPAC Name:
iron(2+)

Results and discussion

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Avian toxicity data are used in the assessment of secondary poisoning risks for the aquatic and terrestrial food chains Iron is an essential trace element, well regulated in all living organisms. The available evidence shows the absence of iron biomagnification across the tropic chain both in the aquatic and terrestrial food chains. The existing information suggests not only that iron does not biomagnify, but rather that it tends to exhibit biodilution. Therefore the need for additional testing for secondary poisoning can be waived.

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