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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Description of key information

The 12-hour LD50 for wild house sparrows was approximately 3,000 - 3,500 mg/kg NaCl. 

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Short-term EC50 or LC50 for birds:
3 000 mg/kg food

Additional information

One valid toxicity study (Klimish score = 2) with wild house sparrows was available for sodium chloride. Results indicated an approximate mean lethal dose (LD50) of 3,000–3,500 mg/kg following 12 hours of exposure in water-deprived birds, which is similar to mammalian values. House sparrows dosed with a concentrated solution of NaCl generally died at doses of 8,000 mg/kg.