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Calcium chloride is easily dissociated into calcium and chloride ions in water. The absorption, the distribution and the excretion of the ions in animals are regulated separately. Calcium and chloride are essential constituents of the body of all animal species. Calcium is essential for the formation of skeletons and the regulation of neural transmission, muscle contraction and coagulation of the blood. Chloride is required for regulating intracellular osmotic pressure and buffering.

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