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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to birds: acute oral toxicity test
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
documentation insufficient for assessment

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
Effects of nitrate in drinking water of Japanese quail
Author:
Adams, A.W.
Year:
1974
Bibliographic source:
Poultry Science. 53(2):832-834.

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
No data
GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium nitrate
EC Number:
231-554-3
EC Name:
Sodium nitrate
Cas Number:
7631-99-4
Molecular formula:
HNO3.Na
IUPAC Name:
sodium nitrate
Test material form:
solid: crystalline
Details on test material:
- Physical appearance: not indicated
- Purity: not indicated
- Batch No.: not indicated
- Supplier: not indicated
Dose method:
drinking water
Analytical monitoring:
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Coturnix coturnix japonica

Study design

Remarks:
7-days to 15-weeks
No. of animals per sex per dose and/or stage:
No data
Control animals:
no

Results and discussion

Effect levelsopen allclose all
Duration (if not single dose):
7 d
Dose descriptor:
other: LC100
Effect level:
5 280 other: ppm (by day 3 post treatment)
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: Exposure: 7-days to 15-weeks
Duration (if not single dose):
7 d
Dose descriptor:
other: LC100
Effect level:
5 940 other: ppm (by day 4 post treatment)
Remarks on result:
other: Exposure: 7-days to 15-weeks

Any other information on results incl. tables

LC100= 5,280 ppm (by day 3 post treatment) 

LC100= 5,940 ppm (by day 4 post treatment)

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Levels of nitrate had a significant, but inconsistent effect on weight gain. Neither food nor water consumption during growing or laying phases nor hen-day egg production were significantly affected by levels of nitrate used.