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Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

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Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-containing batteries in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of batteries containing the substance with no foreseeable release
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: no data
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC6a: Use of intermediate
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: Manufacture and recycling of massive metal, metal powder or metal compounds; emission fraction (release after RMM): air: 0.03%; water: 0.02% (Specific Environmental Release Categories (SPERC) for metals and metal compounds (Eurometaux, 2010))
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: no data

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of abrasive tools containing nickel in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of abrasive tools
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of abrasive tools containing nickel in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of abrasive tools
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of superabrasive tools containing nickel used by consumers
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of abrasive tools (superabrasives) by consumers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of superabrasive tools containing nickel used by consumers
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Use of abrasive tools (superabrasives) by consumers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of abrasive tools containing nickel in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of abrasive tools
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-coated objects in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy handling of massive objects
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Name of activity / technique:
Metal articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of surface treated articles (anodic coating) used by consumers
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of surface treated articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manipulation of surface treated articles (e.g. drilling, sawing) by consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-coated objects in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy handling of massive objects
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: no data
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: Manufacture and recycling of massive metal, metal powder or metal compounds; emission fraction (release after RMM): air: 0.03%; water: 0.02% (Specific Environmental Release Categories (SPERC) for metals and metal compounds (Eurometaux, 2010))
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: no data

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-coated objects in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy handling of massive objects
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-containing batteries in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of batteries containing the substance with no foreseeable release
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-containing batteries in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of batteries containing the substance with no foreseeable release
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-containing batteries in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of batteries containing the substance with no foreseeable release
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: other vehicles: railway, aircraft, vessels, boats, trucks; passenger cars and motor cycles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: Use of metal compounds in plating emission fraction (release after RMM): air: 0.4%; water: 0.6% (Specific Environmental Release Categories (SPERC) for metals and metal compounds (Eurometaux, 2010))
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 0: Other: other vehicles: railway, aircraft, vessels, boats, trucks; passenger cars and motor cycles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of abrasive tools containing nickel in industrial settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of abrasive tools
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC 0: Other: Use of metal compounds in batteries; emission fraction (release after RMM): air: 0.002%; water: 0.003% (Specific Environmental Release Categories (SPERC) for metals and metal compounds (Eurometaux, 2010))
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of nickel-coated objects in professional settings
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Low energy handling of massive objects
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Service life of surface treated articles (anodic coating) used by consumers
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of surface treated articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Name of activity / technique:
Manipulation of surface treated articles (e.g. drilling, sawing) by consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles