Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Value used for CSA (read-across from Nickel sulphate):

NOAEL (oral, systemic, animal): 10 mg Ni sulphate hexahydrate /kg bw/day (or 2.2 mg Ni/kg bw/day) (Heim et al. 2007)

NOAEC (inhalation, local, animal): 0.12 mg Ni sulphate hexahydrate /m³ air ( or 0.027 mg Ni/m3air) (Dunnick et al., 1995)

LOAEC(inhalation, local, animal): 0.25 mg nickel sulphate hexahydrate/m3(or 0.056 mg Ni/m3)(Dunnick et al., 1995)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Data for repeated-dose toxicity via oral exposure are read-across from Ni sulphate. In addition, a summary document on the read-across assessment and systemic oral toxicity of nickel compounds can be found as a background document in Appendix B1 of the CSR (and Section 7.5.1 of IUCLID).In a 2- year OECD 451 carcinogenicity study, decreased body weight gain ranging from 4% to 12% was recorded (males and females combined) following oral gavage of 2.2 to 11 mg Ni/kg bw/day. A dose-related reduced survival achieving statistical significance at the two highest dose levels was seen in females (Heim et al., 2007). The LOAEL of 6.7 mg Ni/kg bw/day based on reduced body weight and increased mortality together with a NOAEL of 2.2 mg Ni/kg bw/day are taken forward to the risk characterisation for oral repeated dose toxicity . These data are considered relevant for the risk assessment of nickelnitrate and are taken forward to the Risk Characterisation.

Data for repeated-dose toxicity via inhalation exposure are read-across from Ni sulphate. Chronic lung inflammation including lung fibrosis results from long-term exposure via inhalation to a concentration of 0.056 mg Ni/m3or 0.25 mg nickel sulphate hexahydrate/m3(NTP, 1996a; Dunnick et al., 1995). Nickel sulphate fulfils the criteria for classification as STOT RE 1; H372 since chronic lung inflammation including lung fibrosis results from long-term exposure via inhalation to a concentration of 0.056 mg Ni/m3. A LOAEC for repeated dose toxicity via inhalation of 0.056 mg Ni/m3for lung inflammation and fibrosis, and a NOAEC of 0.027 mg Ni/m3for these effects based on the chronic study of nickel sulphate by NTP (1996a), are used in the risk characterization of nickel dinitrate.

The following information is taken into account for any hazard / risk assessment:

ORAL: Data are read-across from Ni sulphate. A 2-year oral carcinogenicity study reported a NOAEL of 10 mg/kg body weight/day (2.2 mg Ni/kg b. w. /day) and a LOAEL of 30 mg/kg body weight/day (6.7 mg Ni/kg b. w. /day). The LOAEL of 6.7 mg Ni/kg bw/day based on reduced body weight and increased mortality together with a NOAEL of 2.2 mg Ni/kg bw/day is taken forward to the risk characterisation. A summary document on this topic is provided as a background document in section 7.5.1 of IUCLID and inAppendix B1of the CSR.

INHALATION: Data are read-across from Ni sulphate.Chronic lung inflammation including lung fibrosis results from long-term exposure via inhalation to a concentration of 0.25 mg nickel sulphate hexahydrate/m3 (0.056 mg Ni/m3) or A NOAEC of 0.12 mg/m³ (0.027 mg Ni/m3) was identified for these effects.

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Ni nitrate is classified as STOT RE 1; H372 according to the 1st ATP to the CLP. Background information on this topic can be found in the discussion section.