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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Fluoride accumulates in aquatic organisms predominantly in the exoskeleton of crustacea and in the skeleton of fish; no accumulation was reported for edible tissue

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 In freshwater aquatic organisms it was found that the fluoride accumulates primarily in the exoskeleton of crustacea and in the bones of fish. In fish, the BCF value was between 53 -58 (d.w.) and <2 (w.w.). In crustacea, BCF value was <1 (d.w.). The highest reported BCF value for mollusca and aquatic macrophyta were 3.2 and 7.5 (w.w) respectively. In an experimental marine ecosystem with fish, crustaceans and plants, F was found to accumulate in all species. The highest value, 149, was found in fish. BCF values for crustacea range from 27 to 62. Fluoride concentrations up to 30 mg F/kg were found in consumption fish. The limited data indicate that fluoride biomagnification in the aquatic environment is of little significance. Fluoride accumulates in aquatic organisms predominantly in the exoskeleton of crustacea and in the skeleton of fish; no accumulation was reported for edible tissue