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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to microorganisms

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Read across justification

Several criteria justify the use of the read across approach to fill data gaps for paraffin and hydrocarbon waxes using other lubricant base oil analogs. Primarily the basis for the read-across is the similar physical chemical properties shared by the paraffin and hydrocarbon waxes and other lubricant base oils.

In a key static 4-day Photobacterium phosphoreum luminescence inhibition study (KS=2) using other lubricant base oils as control substances, no significant luminescence inhibition was observed for Spindle oil (BP 320-400 ºC) and Neutral oil Ro NIII (BP 400-450 ºC), as well as for the n-paraffin dodecane. The NOEL for Spindle oil was > 1.93 mg/L and the NOEL for Neutral oil Ro NIII was > 2.17 mg/L (Riis et al., 1996).

This study is scientifically sound and satisfies the guideline requirement for toxicity to microorganisms.

Results of computer modelling to estimate aquatic toxicity show no acute toxicity of paraffin and hydrocarbon wax to aquatic microorganisms at or below its maximum attainable water solubility (Redman et al., 2010b). This supports the Riis et al. 1996 experimental results mentioned in the previous paragraph.