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EC number: 221-110-7 | CAS number: 3006-82-4
Tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoat was tested in a skin irritation/corrosion properties in studies with rabbits. The test item showed slight signs of irritation on skin and very slight signs of irritation in eyes, which were fully reversible. It is concluded that tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoat can be regarded as non irritant to eyes and to reveal slight skin irritative effects.
Tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoat was tested to three male and 3 female New Zealand White rabbits similar to OECD guideline 404 (but more stringed test conditions). The hair was removed from the back of each rabbit. (20 - 30 % of the body surface) with an electric clipper. The skin of 3 of the rabbits was abraded with a scalpel blade. The abrasion penetrated the stratum corneum, but were not deep enough to cause bleeding.
A volume of 0.5 mL of the test material was applied to the back of each rabbit under a one inch square gauze patch. The application sites were covered with gauze bandaging and overwrapped with Saran Wrap. The entire application area was then wrapped with several layers of 75 mm Elastoplast tape. A collar was also applied. Following 24 hours of application, the bandages and collars were removed and the sites were washed with tepid tap water and examined for skin irritation. The examinations were repeated at 72 hours.
The table below presents the grade of effect with time.
Erythema, Eschar Formation
Calculation for Primary Skin Irritation Score (Score = The average of all the erythma scores plus the average of all the oedema scores): (18.5 ÷ 12) + (12 ÷ 12) = 2.5.
In this study, the test conditions were more stringed as required in OECD guidelines and can thus be regarded as worst case scenario.
The conditions in this study were 24 hours occlusive treatment, whereas in the OECD guideline 4 hours semi-occlusive treatment is requested.
Tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoat was tested in three male and 3 female New Zealand White rabbits similar to OECD guideline 405. Prior to test material administration, the eyes of each rabbit were examined with ultraviolet light following instillation of one drop of a 2 % sodium solution. Rabbits exhibiting corneal lesions were discarded. The rabbits received 0.1 mL of the test material. The test material was placed into the cupped conjunctival sac of the right eye of each rabbit following which the eyelids were gently held together for one second. The left eye served as the untreated control for each rabbit. The treated eyes were examined in accordance with the following schedule: 24 hrs following instillation, 48 hrs, 72 hrs and 7 days. After grading the eye reaction, one drop of sodium fluorescein (at 72 hrs, 7 days) was instilled directly onto the corneal surface of each rabbit. After a few seconds, excess stain was flushed from the corneal surface with distilled water and the eyes examined with ultraviolet light. Based on the data obtained and in accordance with OECD GHS (1272/2008) the test material would not be considered a primary eye irritant.
In the key study, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was tested on three male and 3 female New Zealand white rabbits similar to OECD guideline 404 (occlusive test conditions).
The hair was removed from back of each rabbit with an electric clipper. The skin of 3 of the rabbits was abraded with a scalpel blade. A total of 0.5 mL of tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was applied to back of each rabbit. The area of application was then wrapped with a gauze bandage (semi occlusive dressing). Four hours later the bandages were removed and the area was washed with tepid tap water and examined for skin irritation in accordance with the scale. These examinations were repeated at 24 and 72 hours. Based upon the results obtained, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was not considered a primary skin irritant nor a corrosive substance.
In the supporting study, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was tested in a skin irritation test in New Zealand White rabbits with the substance applied for 24 h under occlusive test conditions (similar to OECD guideline 404, but more stringed).
After a 72 h observation period, slight irritation was observed with mean values of 1.8 (intact skin) and 1.9 (abraded skin) for erythema and 1.2 (intact skin) and 1.25 (abraded skin) for oedema. As in the key study, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was considered not irritating.
In the key study, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was tested for acute ocular irritation and reversibility in rabbits similar to OECD guideline 405.
The test item showed slight signs of irritation which were fully reversible. Thus, under the conditions of applied test, tert.-Butylperoxy- 2-ethylhexanoate was regarded as not irritant to eyes. Comparable results were obtained in the supporting study.
Classification, Labelling, and Packaging Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 The available experimental test data are reliable and suitable for classification purposes under Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008. Based on available data on skin and eye irritation, the test item does not require classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP), as amended for the tenth time in Regulation (EU) No 2017/776.
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