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Endpoint:
activated sludge respiration inhibition testing
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2008-09-12 to 2008-12-04
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 209 (Activated Sludge, Respiration Inhibition Test
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method C.11 (Biodegradation: Activated Sludge Respiration Inhibition Test)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: EPA OPPTS 850.6800 (Modified Activated Sludge, Respiration Inhibition Test for Sparingly Soluble Chemicals)
GLP compliance:
yes
Vehicle:
no
Details on test solutions:
PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF TEST SOLUTION (especially for difficult test substances)
- Method: Amounts of parent material (50, 90, 160, 280, 500mg) were each separately dispersed, using a plastic disposable syringe, in approximately 250mL of water and subjected to ultrasonication for approximately 15 minutes. Synthetic sewage (16 ml), activated sewage sludge (200 ml) and water were added to a final volume of 500 ml.

- Evidence of undissolved material (e.g. precipitate, surface film, etc): At all test concentrations solid lumps of test material were observed dispersed throughout and adhered to the sides and bottom of the test flask. These were considered to be condensation products as a results of the reaction of the parent substance with water.
Test organisms (species):
activated sludge of a predominantly domestic sewage
Details on inoculum:
The activated sewage sludge was maintained on continuous aeration in the laboratory at a temperature of approximately 21°C.

- Initial biomass concentration: 3.8 g/L
Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
yes
Total exposure duration:
3 h
Post exposure observation period:
The rate of respiration was determined after 3 hours contact time
Test temperature:
21±1°C
pH:
7.5-7.8
Nominal and measured concentrations:
100, 180, 320, 560 & 1000 mg trichloro(phenyl)silane / L, equivalent to 74, 133, 236, 414, 740 mg phenylsilanetriol / L. It was considered justifyiable to conduct the test using some test concentrations in excess of the water solubility level of the test substance in order to assess the effect of the test substance as a whole, i.e. the effect of an excess amount of undissolved test substance can be assessed.
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM

- Test vessel:

- Material, size, headspace, fill volume: 500mL conical flask

- Aeration: 0.5-1 L/min with clean, oil-free compressed air

- No. of vessels per concentration (replicates): one

- No. of vessels per control (replicates): two

TEST MEDIUM / WATER PARAMETERS

- Source/preparation of dilution water: laboratory tap water dechlorinated by passage through an activated carbon filter (Purite Serise 500) and partly softened (Elga Nimbus 1248D Duplex water softener).



OTHER TEST CONDITIONS

- Adjustment of pH: yes

- Light intensity: normal laboratory lighting


TEST CONCENTRATIONS

- Spacing factor for test concentrations: 100, 180, 320, 560 & 1000 mg trichloro(phenyl)silane / L ( equivalent to 74, 133, 236, 414, 740 mg phenylsilanetriol / L)

- Range finding study: Yes

- Test concentrations: 100 & 1000 mg trichloro(phenyl)silane / L, equivalent to 74 & 740 mg phenylsilanetriol / L, were used in reange finding study

- Results used to determine the conditions for the definitive study: significant inhibition of respiration was observed at 1000mg trichloro(phenyl)silane/L, however, there was no significant effects on respiration at 100mg trichloro(phenyl)silane/L. Based on this, concentrations of 100, 180, 320, 560 & 1000 mg trichloro(phenyl)silane / L were selected for the intial study.
Reference substance (positive control):
yes
Remarks:
3,5-dichlorophenol
Duration:
3 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
> 1 000 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Remarks:
Equivalent to 740 mg phenylsilanetriol/L.
Basis for effect:
inhibition of total respiration
Remarks:
respiration rate
Remarks on result:
other: pH adjusted
Duration:
3 h
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
1 000 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Remarks:
Equivalent to 740 mg phenylsilanetriol/L.
Basis for effect:
inhibition of total respiration
Remarks:
respiration rate
Remarks on result:
other: pH adjusted
Details on results:
The two controls had a difference in respiration rate of 8%, which is less than the 15% limit required by the guideline for a valid study.
Results with reference substance (positive control):
A positive control test with 3, 5-dichlorophenol yielded EC50s of 8.3 mg/l in the inital test and 7.3 mg/L in the definitive test, which are within the accepted range of 5 to 30 mg/l required by the guideline for a valid study.

Table 1: Oxygen consumption rates, percentage inhibition values and pH values in the definitive test after 3 hours contact time

Test sample

Nominal conc. (mg/l)

Initial oxygen reading (mg O2/l)

Final oxygen reading (mg O2/l/)

Oxygen consumption (mg O2/l/min)

% Inhibition

respiration rate

pH

0 hours

3 hours

 

 

Initial control

0

6.4

2.6

0.48

-

7.6

8.0

Final control

0

6.6

3.1

0.44

-

7.7

8.0

 

 

Parent material*

100

6.2

2.7

0.44

4

7.7**

7.8

180

6.3

2.7

0.45

2

7.7**

7.8

320

5.9

2.3

0.45

2

7.7**

7.8

560

6.2

3.0

0.46

0

7.5**

7.8

1000

6.3

2.7

0.45

2

7.6**

7.7

 

 

3,5-dichlorophenol

3.2

7.0

3.5

0.35

24

7.5

8.1

10

7.9

6.3

0.16

65

7.5

8.2

32

8.3

7.7

0.06

87

7.6

8.2

      *concentrations based on mg of trichloro(phenyl)silane/L                                                           

      **pH after adjustment to that of the dechlorinated tap water.

Initial test results: EC50 360 mg/l; NOEC 180 mg/l (based on mg of trichloro(phenyl)silane/L). The pH of test solutions dropped to 6.5 at 320 mg/l, 2.3 at 560 mg/l and 1.5 at 1000 mg/l.

Activated sludge respiration inhibition 3hr EC50 value of >1000 mg/l (Nominal. Equivalent to >740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol) and 3hr NOEC value of 1000 mg/l (Nominal. Equivalent to 740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol). The study is considered reliable.

      

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
Activated sludge respiration inhibition 3hr EC50 value of >1000 mg/l (Nominal. Equivalent to >740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol) and 3hr NOEC value of 1000 mg/l (Nominal. Equivalent to 740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol). The study is considered reliable.
Endpoint:
activated sludge respiration inhibition testing
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Justification for type of information:
Please refer to the attached justification for grouping of substances provided in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Duration:
3 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
> 1 000 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Remarks:
Equivalent to 740 mg phenylsilanetriol/L.
Basis for effect:
inhibition of total respiration
Remarks:
respiration rate
Remarks on result:
other: pH adjusted
Duration:
3 h
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
1 000 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Remarks:
Equivalent to 740 mg phenylsilanetriol/L.
Basis for effect:
inhibition of total respiration
Remarks:
respiration rate
Remarks on result:
other: pH adjusted

Description of key information

3 hr NOEC of 1000mg/l (nominal eqivalent to >740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

There are no microorganism toxicity data available for trimethoxyphenylsilane, therefore good quality data for the analogue substance, trichloro(phenyl)silane (98-13-5), have been read across. Both substances share the same silanol hydrolysis, phenylsilanetriol. The other hydrolysis product is methanol, which is readily biodegradable and well characterised. Methanol is expected to be not hazardous at the concentrations relevant to the study.

Both trimethoxyphenylsilane and trichloro(phenyl)silane are within an analogue groupdiscussed in Section 1.4. Substances within this wider analogue group, in general, exhibit no evidence of significant toxicity to microorganisms.

 

This wider analogue group for the toxicity to microorganisms endpoint consists of a number of sub-classes of substances. However, read-across is carried out between substances with the same sub-class in most cases.

 

Table7.4.2 presents microorganism toxicity data available for substances within the sub-class (III-22) of alkoxysilanes, silanols, acetoxysilanes and chlorosilanes, etc, where greater functional group(s) in side chain after any very rapid hydrolysis has been accounted for. Both trimethoxyphenylsilaneand trichloro(phenyl)silaneare members of this sub-class.

 

 

It is therefore considered valid to read-across the results for trichloro(phenyl)silane to fill the data gap for the registered substance. Additional information is given in a supporting report (PFA, 2013j) attached in Section 13 of the IUCLID dossier.

Table7.4.2Microorganism toxicity data available for substances within the relevant sub-class of chemicals

 

CAS

Name

Result: E(I)C50 (mg/l)

Result: NOEC (or EC10/ EC20) (mg/l)

Guideline Number

Test method

Species

Duration

Reliability

000098-13-5

Trichloro(phenyl)silane

>1000 mg/l (Phenylsilanetriol >740mg/l) with pH adjustment

≥1000 mg/l (Phenylsilanetriol 740mg/l) with pH adjustment

OECD 209

ASRI

 

3h

1a

None1

3-(3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)propyldimethylchlorosilane

>1000

EC20 177 mg/l

OECD 209

ASRI

 

3 hr

1a

166255-23-8

4,6-Bis(Carbonylphenyl)-2(3(Triethoxysilyl)propyl)-1,3-Phenylenbisphenylmethanon

>1000

≥1000

OECD 209

ASRI

 

3hr

1a

250783-08-5

3-[(4'-acetoxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)propyl]trimethoxysilane

>100

0% inhibition up to 100 mg/l test conc

OECD 209

ASRI

 

3 h

1a

017890-10-7

Benzenamine, N-[(dimethoxymethylsilyl)methyl]-

>1000

 

OECD 209

ASRI

 

3h

1a

 

An activated sludge respiration inhibition 3hr EC50value of >1000 mg/l (Equivalent to >740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol) and 3hr NOEC value of 1000 mg/l (Equivalent to 740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol) were reported for trichloro(phenyl)silane based on an guideline study (OECD guideline 209 Activated sludge respiration inhibition test). This indicates that the substance was not toxic to waste water (activated sludge) bacteria at a nominal concentration of 1000 mg/l (Equivalent to 740 mg/l phenylsilanetriol).