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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
23 Dec 1998 - 1 Jan 1999
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP-Guideline study.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1999
Report Date:
1999

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no data on analytical purity
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no data on analytical purity
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.2400 (Acute Eye Irritation)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no data on analytical purity
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
The Department of Health of the Government of the United Kingdom, UK

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): only trade name given
- Analytical purity: no data
- Physical state: straw coloured liquid
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature in the dark

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: David Percival Ltd, Moston, Sandbach, United Kingdom
- Age at study initiation: 12-16 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.93-3.13 kg
- Housing: animals were housed individually in suspended metal cages
- Diet: STANRAB SQC Rabbit Diet (Special Diets Services Ltd, Witham, United Kingdom), ad libitum
- Water: mains tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 17-19
- Humidity (%): 43-64
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: not required, the untreated eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied: 0.1 mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
single application without washing
Observation period (in vivo):
3 days
Reading time points: 1, 24, 48 and 72 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
1 male and 2 females
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scoring system

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 2 days
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 2 days
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
out of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No effects on corneal opacity and iris were noted at any time point observed. Moderate conjunctival redness (score = 2) was noted in two treated animals at the 1 h observation. Minimal conjunctival redness (score = 1) was observed in one treated animal at the 1 h observation and persisted in two treated animals to the 24 h reading. Minimal chemosis (score = 1) was observed in all treated animals at the 1 h observation time point. Treated eyes appeared normal 24 to 48 h after treatment.
Other effects:
No further local or systemic effects were reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified