Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Phototransformation in air

The available weight of evidence demonstrates that this substance does not absorb light within a range of 290 to 750 nm, the range in which photolysis occurs. Therefore, direct photolysis will not contribute to the degradation of this substance in the air. Further testing is not required under Annex XI, section 1.2.

 

Hydrolysis

 

Hydrolysis is a reaction in which a hydroxide ion of a water molecule substitutes for another atom or group of atoms present in a chemical resulting in a structural change of that chemical. Potentially hydrolysable groups include alkyl halides, amides, carbamates, carboxylic acid esters and lactone epoxides, phosphate esters, and sulfonic acid esters. The lack of a suitable leaving group renders compounds resistant to hydrolysis.

 

The chemical constituents that comprise the substance consist entirely of carbon and hydrogen and do not contain hydrolysable groups. As such, they have a very low potential to hydrolyze. Therefore, this degradative process will not contribute to their removal from the environment.

 

Phototransformation in water

 

The available weight of evidence demonstrates that this substance does not absorb light within a range of 290 to 750 nm, the range in which photolysis occurs. Therefore, direct photolysis will not contribute to the degradation of this substance in the aquatic environment. Further testing is not required under Annex XI, section 1.2.

 

Phototransformation in soil

 

The available weight of evidence demonstrates that this substance does not absorb light within a range of 290 to 750 nm, the range in which photolysis occurs. Therefore, direct photolysis will not contribute to the degradation of this substance in the terrestrial environment. Further testing is not required under Annex XI, section 1.2.

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

There is data available for this substance. Additionally, key data is available for structural analogues, Hyd C9-C11, cyclics, <2% arom; Hyd C10-C12, ic, <2% arom; Hyd C10-C13, ni, <2% arom; Hyd C10-C14, ic, <2% arom; Hyd C11-C12, n-alkanes, <2% arom; Hyd C12-C13, ic, <2% arom; Hyd C12-C16, nic, <2% arom; Hyd C13-C14, n-alkanes, <2% arom; and presented in the dossier. The data is read across to this substance based on analogue read across and a discussion and report on the read across strategy is provided as an attachment inIUCLID Section 13.

This substance is considered Readily Biodegradable.

Biodegradation in water: simulation tests

There is no data available for this substance. However, key data is available for structural analogue, Hyd C11-C14, nic, <2% arom; Hyd C12-C14, isoalkanes, <2% arom, and presented in the dossier. The data is read across to this substance based on analogue read across and a discussion and report on the read across strategy is provided as an attachment inIUCLID Section 13.

Biodegradation in sediment: simulation tests

This substance is considered readily biodegradable. Therefore, in accordance with REACH Annex IX column 2 exemption, the simulation testing in sediment does not need to be conducted.

 

Biodegradation in soil

This substance is considered readily biodegradable. Therefore, in accordance with REACH Annex IX column 2 exemption, the bidegradation in soil does not need to be conducted.

Bioaccumulation: aquatic/sediment

Standard Bioaccumulation studies for this endpoint are intended for monoconstituent substances and are not appropriate for petroleum UVCB substances. In accordance with Annex XI Section 1.3 the endpoint has been fulfilled using QSAR calculations for representative hydrocarbon structures that comprise the hydrocarbon blocks used to assess the environmental risk of this substance with the PETRORISK model (see the representative structures from the PETRORISK Product Library in the spreadsheet attached in IUCLID section 13.2). As such, testing is not scientifically necessary.

Adsorption / desorption

Standard adsorption studies for this endpoint are intended for monoconstituent substances and are not appropriate for petroleum UVCB substances. In accordance with Annex XI Section 1.3 the endpoint has been fulfilled using QSAR calculations for representative hydrocarbon structures that comprise the hydrocarbon blocks used to assess the environmental risk of this substance with the PETRORISK model (see the representative structures from the PETRORISK Product Library in the spreadsheet attached in IUCLID section 13.2). As such, testing is not scientifically necessary.

Henry's Law Constant

Standard Henry's Law Constant studies for this endpoint are intended for monoconstituent substances and are not appropriate for petroleum UVCB substances. In accordance with Annex XI Section 1.3 the endpoint has been fulfilled using QSAR calculations for representative hydrocarbon structures that comprise the hydrocarbon blocks used to assess the environmental risk of this substance with the PETRORISK model (see the representative structures from the PETRORISK Product Library in the spreadsheet attached in IUCLID section 13.2). As such, testing is not scientifically necessary.

Additional information