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Toxicological information

Repeated dose toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term repeated dose toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1983
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study with acceptable restrictions

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1983

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 407 (Repeated Dose 28-Day Oral Toxicity in Rodents)
Deviations:
not specified
GLP compliance:
no
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Comperlan 100 (CAS 68140-00-1)
- Physical state: Waxy material with a slightly fatty odor

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Mus-Rattus, Brunntal, Germany
- Age at study initiation: between 6-7 wk
- Weight at study initiation: 111 (f) - 125 (m) g
- Housing: plastic cages, 3 males and 5 females/cage
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum (Altromin Ratdiet No. 1424 DK, Altromin GmbH, Lage, Germany)
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum (tap water)
- Acclimation period: 6 d

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18-20
- Humidity (%): 60-75
- Air changes (per hr): 11
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
olive oil
Details on oral exposure:
doses were adpated weekly to the body weight
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no information
Duration of treatment / exposure:
28 d
Frequency of treatment:
daily once, 5 times/wk
Doses / concentrationsopen allclose all
Dose / conc.:
0 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Remarks:
Controls
Dose / conc.:
70 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Dose / conc.:
250 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Dose / conc.:
750 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Remarks:
Day 1 - 14
Dose / conc.:
1 500 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Remarks:
Days 15-28
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10/sex/dose for main study; 5/sex/dose for 4 month recovery period
Control animals:
yes, concurrent no treatment

Examinations

Observations and examinations performed and frequency:
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: daily


DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: end of study


BODY WEIGHT: Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: weekly


HAEMATOLOGY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: end of study
- Anaesthetic used for blood collection: Yes (ether)
- How many animals: 10 per dose and sex
- Parameters checked: Hematocrit, erythrocytes, leukocytes, hemoglobin, thrombocytes, mean corpuscular volume, white blood cell differntial


CLINICAL CHEMISTRY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: end of study
- How many animals: 10 per sex and dose
- Parameters checked: GPT, GOT, AP, glucose, urea, total protein, calcium, phosphate, cholestrol


URINALYSIS: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of urine: end of study
- Metabolism cages used for collection of urine: No
- Parameters checked: urea, creatinin, sodium, potassium, glucose, calcium, ap


NEUROBEHAVIOURAL EXAMINATION: No


Other: Groups of 5 male and 5 female rats kept for an additional 4 month recovery period.
Sacrifice and pathology:
GROSS PATHOLOGY: Yes
the following tissues/organs were examined:
adrenal gland (2)
aorta thoracica
brain (cornu ammonis)
coagulating gland with seminal vesicle
epididymis (2)
eye with optic nerve (2)
heart
intestine, large
intestine, small
kidney (2)
liver
lungs
lymph node (cervical) (1)
lymph node (mesenteric) (1)
mucles
oesophagus
ovary (2)
pancreas
prostate
salivary glands (mandibular,
parotid and sublingual gland)
skin
spleen
stomach
testicle (2)
thymus
thyroid (2) (incl. parathyroids)
tongue
trachea (incl. larynx)
urinary bladder
uterus (incl. cervix and oviducts)



HISTOPATHOLOGY: Yes
see gross pathology
Statistics:
't' test used for statistical analysis of all parameters except organ weight (U-test)

Results and discussion

Results of examinations

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
not specified
Food efficiency:
not specified
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
no effects observed
Clinical biochemistry findings:
effects observed, treatment-related
Urinalysis findings:
no effects observed
Behaviour (functional findings):
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
effects observed, treatment-related
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Neuropathological findings:
not examined
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Other effects:
not examined
Details on results:
The doses up to 1500 mg/kg bw/day were tolerated by all animals without lethality. The body weight gain and total increase of body weights did not differ from the control group. Absolute and relative organ weights showed no significant changes in the substance groups compared to the control group, accept the organ weight of the adrenal gland which is increased for the females of group 3 (250 mg/kg) and 4 (750/1500 mg/kg bw). This result is considered of no relevance. The pathological, histological evaluation did not show significant compound related gross or microscocopic organ injury of liver, kidneys, adrenals, heart, lung, spleen and gonads; dose independent reversible local findings were restricted to the fore stomach mucose of the highest group (hyperplastic and cellular changes in the forestomach but not dose-related and also found in controls. Attributed to the use of olive oil as carrier. Effects disappeared during 4 month recovery period). The biochemical parameters calcium, blood sugar, urea, creatinine, cholesterine, GGT, GOT, GPT and LDH did not show any irregular signs. Slight alterations of phosphate in the highest group were noted and regarded as dose/compound related but not critical effect.

Effect levels

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
> 750 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: biologically relevant effects observed on any of the parameters recorded at any dose , also test animals treated with 1500 mg/kg bw /d (Days 15-28) showed no adverse effect

Target system / organ toxicity

Key result
Critical effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Under the study conditions, the 28 d NOAEL for systemic toxicity was considered to be > 750 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

A study was conducted to determine the repeated dose oral toxicity of the test substance to rat according to OECD Guideline 407. Groups of 10 male and 10 female rats were orally gavaged with the substance diluted in olive oil 5 days per week for 28 d at doses of 0, 70, 250, 750 (Days 1 – 14) and 1,500 (Days 15-28) mg/kg bw. Clinical signs, bodyweight, hematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis, gross and microscopic pathology were recorded. Additional groups of 5 male and 5 female rats were kept for a 4 month recovery period. The doses up to 1500 mg/kg body weight/day were tolerated by all animals without lethality. The body weight gain and total increase of body weights did not differ from the control group. The pathological, histological evaluation did not show significant compound related gross or microscopic organ injury of liver, kidneys, adrenals, heart, lung, spleen and gonads; dose independent reversible local findings were restricted to the fore stomach mucosa of the highest group. The biochemical parameters calcium, blood sugar, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, GGT, GOT, GPT and LDH did not show any irregular signs. Slight alterations of phosphate in the highest group were noted and regarded as dose/compound related but not critical effect. Under the study conditions, the 28 d NOAEL for systemic toxicity was therefore considered to be >750 mg/kg bw (Gloxhuber and Potokar, 1983).