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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From February 20, 1996 to April 4, 1996
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1996
Report date:
1996

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
1987
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 (Acute Toxicity (Oral))
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: flakes

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River (UK) Ltd., Margate, Kent, UK
- Age at study initiation: 5-8 wk
- Weight at study initiation: Males - 152 - 182 g, females - 140-156 g
- Fasting period before study: Overnight
- Housing: Groups of up to five by sex in solid-floor polypropylene cages
- Diet: Rat and mouse expanded diet no. 1, ad libitum
- Water: Drinking water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: Atleast 5 d

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19-21
- Humidity (%): 44-65
- Air changes (per h): 15
- Photoperiod (h dark/h light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE
- Concentration in vehicle: 200 mg/mL

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10 mL/kg


Doses:
2000 mg/kg in both range-finding and main study
No. of animals per sex per dose:
One in range-finding study and five in main study
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 d
- Frequency of clinical observation: 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h after dosing and subsequently once daily for 14 d
- Frequency of weighing: On Days 0, 7 and 14
- Necropsy of survivors performed: Yes
- Examinations performed: Clinical signs, body weight and gross pathological examination

Results and discussion

Preliminary study:
No deaths or clinical signs of toxicity.
Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality.
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic toxicity.
Body weight:
All animals showed an expected gain in body weight except one female which showed reduced body weight gain during the second week of observation.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities noted at necropsy.

Any other information on results incl. tables

None.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Under the study conditions, the LD50 was determined to be >2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

A study was conducted to determine the acute oral toxicity of the test substance, C8-18 and C18-unsatd. MEA, to Sprague Dawley rats according to OECD Guideline 401 and EU Method B.1, in compliance with GLP. Following a range-finding study, a group of 10 fasted rats (five males and five females) were given a single oral dose of the test substance as a solution in arachis oil BP at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bw. The animals were observed for 14 d after dosing and were then killed and subjected to gross pathological examination. There was no mortality in the study and no signs of systemic toxicity were noted. All animals showed an expected gain in body weight apart from one female which showed reduced body weight gain during the second week. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy. Under the study conditions, the LD50 was determined to be >2000 mg/kg bw (Hempstock, 1996).