Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
04 June to 07 June 2003
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study undertaken at GLP accredited laboratory to internationally accepted guidelines.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.4 (Acute Toxicity: Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Commercial laboratory animal supplier.
- Age at study initiation: 12 to 20 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.0 to 3.5kg
- Housing: The animals were individually housed in suspended metal cages.
- Diet: Free access to food (Certified Rabbit Diet (Code 5322) supplied by International Product Supplies Limited, Wellingborough, Northants, UK) was allowed throughout the study.
- Water: Free access to mains drinking water was allowed throughout the study.
- Acclimation period: >= 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature: 17 to 23°C
- Humidity: 30 to 70%
- Air changes: The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour
- Photoperiod: the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness.

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
other: Distilled water
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
500 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 h
Observation period:
Approximately one hour following the removal of the patches, and 24,48 and 72 hours later, the test sites were examined for evidence of primary irritation
Number of animals:
3
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: No data
- % coverage:
- Type of wrap if used: Cotton gauze patch secured in position with a strip of surgical adhesive tape. To prevent the animals interfering with the patches, the trunk of each rabbit was wrapped in an elasticated corset and the animals were returned to their cages for the duration ofthe exposure period.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): any residual test material removed by gentle swabbing with cotton wool soaked in distilled water.
- Time after start of exposure: 4 hours

SCORING SYSTEM:

Calculation of Primary Irritation Index and Grading of Irritancy Potential Using the Draize Scheme

The scores for erythema and oedema at the 24 and 72-hour readings were totalled for the three test rabbits (12 values) and this total was divided by six to give the primary irritation index of the test material.
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: d; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: d; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Other effects:
No evidence of skin irritation was noted during the study.
Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The test material produced a primary irritation index of 0.0 and was classified as - NON-IRRITANT to rabbit skin according to the Draize classification scheme. No corrosive effects were noted.
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
10 June to 19 June 2003
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study undertaken at GLP accredited laboratory to internationally accepted guidelines.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Commercila laboratory animal supplier.
- Age at study initiation: 12 to 20 weks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.0 to 3.5kg
- Housing: The animals were individually housed in suspended metal cages.
- Diet: Free access to food (Certified Rabbit Diet (Code 5322) supplied by International Product Supplies Limited, Wellingborough, Northants, UK) was allowed throughout the study.
- Water: Free access to mains drinking water was allowed throughout the study.
- Acclimation period: >= 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature: 17 to 23°C
- Humidity: 30 to 70%
- Air changes: The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour
- Photoperiod: the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness.

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount applied: 0.1ml

Duration of treatment / exposure:
72 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
Assessment of ocular damage/irritation was made approximately 1 hour and 24, 48 and 72 hours following treatment
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): none
- Time after start of exposure:

SCORING SYSTEM:

The data relating to the conjunctivae were designated by the letters A (redness), B (chemosis) and C (discharge), those relating to the iris designated by the letter D and those relating to the cornea by the letters E (degree of opacity) and F (area of cornea involved). For each tissue the score was calculated as follows:

Score for conjunctivae = (A+ B+C)x2

Score for iris = Dx5

Score for cornea = (ExF)x5





TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE:Examination of the eye was facilitated by the use of the light source from a standard ophthalmoscope.
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 1 day
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 1 day
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 1 day
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
(redness)
Max. score:
1
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: 24 h; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: h; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: h; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Remarks:
(mean score 1)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Remarks:
(mean score 2)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Remarks:
(mean score 3)
Time point:
other: overall at 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
other: Max. duration: h; Max. value at end of observation period: 0 (related to all animals)
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Reversibility of any observed effect: Changes fully reversible within 1 days
Other effects:
Minimal conjunctival irritation was noted in all treated eyes one hour after treatment.


All treated eyes appeared normal at the 24-hour observation.
Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The test material produced a maximum group mean score of 2.7 and was classified as a MINIMAL IRRITANT (CLASS 3 ON A 1 TO 8 SCALE) to the rabbit eye according to a modified Kay and Calandra classification system.

The test material did not meet the criteria for classification as irritant according to ED labelling regulations Commission Directive 200I/59/EC.
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Justification for selection of skin irritation / corrosion endpoint:

Only study available

Justification for selection of eye irritation endpoint:

Only study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin irritation / corrosion and eye irritation studies returned negative results. Therefore BPS-MAE is not classified as an irritant or corrosive.