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Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Reference
Endpoint:
long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
September, 2021 to October, 2022
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 211 (Daphnia magna Reproduction Test)
Version / remarks:
2012
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Analytical monitoring:
yes
Details on sampling:
Samples will be taken from the control and each surviving test group from freshly prepared test
solutions (without food) and the corresponding aged test solutions (with food). Replicate vessels
will be pooled to give one sample. Sampling of the test solutions will start with day 0 samples
and will be performed at least once per week throughout the test. Two renewal periods of 48
hours and one renewal period of 72 hours (weekend) will be chosen for sampling.
Vehicle:
no
Test organisms (species):
Daphnia magna
Details on test organisms:
The study was performed with young daphnids of the species Daphnia magna Straus, which
is the preferred test species recommended by the test guideline. A clone of this species was
originally supplied by Daphnia Collection of the University of Basel/Switzerland in 2015. The
clone is successfully bred at IES Ltd under temperature and light conditions identical to those of
the test.
Each stock animal was maintained separately in a 100 mL glass beaker filled with about 80 mL
Elendt M7 medium and was transferred twice a week to fresh medium. During the culturing period,
the parental daphnidswere fed three times a week with an algal suspension and a Tetramin®
suspension. Details are documented in the culturing records. Culture conditions ensure that
reproduction will be by parthenogenesis.
Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
21 d
Post exposure observation period:
None
Key result
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
2.2 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat. (dissolved fraction)
Basis for effect:
other: Mortality and inhibition of reproduction
Details on results:
See attachment.
Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
Under the study conditions, the NOEC was equivalent to 2.2 mg/L (Loading Rate) based on mortality and inhibition of reproduction.
Executive summary:

A study was conducted to evaluate the potential toxicity of the test substance amides, C12-18 and C18-unsatd., N-(hydroxyethyl) on the survival, growth, and reproduction of Daphnia magna during the exposure period of three weeks. The daphnids were exposed in a semi-static test to aqueous test media containing the test substance at various concentrations. The mortality, reproduction, and body length of the daphnids, as well as the intrinsic rate of reproduction, at the different test concentrations were compared with the corresponding parameters in the control. Additionally, the test animals were observed for visible abnormalities. Under the study conditions, the NOEC was equivalent to 2.2 mg/L (Loading Rate) based on mortality and inhibition of reproduction (Dupont, 2022).

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Fresh water invertebrates

Fresh water invertebrates
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect concentration:
2.2 mg/L

Additional information

A study was conducted to evaluate the potential toxicity of the test substance amides, C12-18 and C18-unsatd., N-(hydroxyethyl) on the survival, growth, and reproduction of Daphnia magna during the exposure period of three weeks. The daphnids were exposed in a semi-static test to aqueous test media containing the test substance at various concentrations. The mortality, reproduction, and body length of the daphnids, as well as the intrinsic rate of reproduction, at the different test concentrations were compared with the corresponding parameters in the control. Additionally, the test animals were observed for visible abnormalities. Under the study conditions, the NOEC was equivalent to 2.2 mg/L (Loading Rate) based on mortality and inhibition of reproduction (Dupont, 2022).