Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2012
Report Date:
2012

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
Department of Health, UK
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: pellets

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: RccHan:WIST
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK
- Age at study initiation: 8 - 12 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: at least 200 g, weight variation did not exceed ±20% of the mean for each sex
- Fasting period before study: not required
- Housing: housed individually during the 24-h exposure period and in groups of five, by sex, for the remainder of the study in suspended solid-floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. Animals were provided with environmental enrichment items considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.
- Diet: 2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet (Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK), ad libitum
- Water: mains drinking water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19 - 25
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70
- Air changes (per hr): at least 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: clipped back and flanks
- % coverage: approximately 10% of the total body surface area
- Type of wrap if used: a piece of surgical gauze was placed over the treatment area and semi-occluded with a piece of self-adhesive bandage

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): treated skin and surrounding hair were wiped with cotton wool moistened with arachis oil BP to remove any residual test item.
- Time after start of exposure: 24 h

TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 2000 mg/kg bw
- Constant volume or concentration used: yes
- For solids, paste formed: yes

VEHICLE
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): not applicable, only used for moistening of the test substance
Duration of exposure:
24 h
Doses:
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for 14 days. Individual body weights were recorded prior to application on Day 0 and on Days 7 and 14
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes, all animals
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight, external examination, opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities, appearance of macroscopic abnormalities. After removal of the dressings and subsequently once daily for fourteen days the test sites were examined for primary irritation and scored according to the criteria of Draize (1977).
Statistics:
Using the mortality data obtained, an estimate of the acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item was made.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic toxicity were observed.
Body weight:
Animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the study period except for one male which showed bodyweight loss during the first week but expected gain in bodyweight during the second week.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.
Other findings:
- Other observations: Dermal reactions: very slight erythema was noted at the test sites of 4/5 females (score 1) which abated after 5 days in 3 females and after 8 days in the fourth. There were no signs of dermal irritation noted at the test sites of the remaining animals.

Any other information on results incl. tables

CONCLUSION:

The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.

Applicant's summary and conclusion