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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
1999-03-08 to 1999-05-24
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Well-documented non GLP study similar to OECD guideline 406.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1999
Report Date:
1999

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Maximization Test of the Guideline for Toxicity Studies of Drugs (Notification No. 1-24 of Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics Division dated September 11, 1989)
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): zirconium oxide (5.15 wt% yttrium oxide intercrystallized)
- Molecular formula (if other than submission substance): 97ZrO2 3Y2O3 (mole fraction)
- Molecular weight (if other than submission substance): 126
- Smiles notation (if other than submission substance): no data
- InChl (if other than submission substance): no data
- Structural formula attached as image file (if other than submission substance): no data
- Substance type: no data
- Physical state: white powder
- Stability under test conditions: nonreactive to water
- Storage condition of test material: stored at room temperature
- Other: no data

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc.
- Age at study initiation: 4 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: 272 g - 302 g
- Housing: Five guinea pigs were kept together in each aluminum bracket cage (360 W x 520 D x 330 H mm, Bottom: 320 W x 480 D mm) until the elicitation treatment, then were kept individually in aluminum bracket cages (220 W x 380 D x 250 H mm) after the elicitation treatment. The cages were changed once a week.
- Diet: Solid feed (RC4, Oriental Yeast Col, Ltd)
- Water: Hita municipal water supply was used for water, which was provided freely by automatic water-supply equipments.
- Acclimation period: no data

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 23+/- 2 degrees C
- Humidity (%): 55 +/- 15%
- Air changes (per hr): 10 ~ 15 ventilation per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hour light and dark period ( light on at 7 am- off at 7 pm)

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 1999-02-23 To: 1999-05-24

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
physiological saline
Concentration / amount:
Intradermal sensitization
1) Test agent group

- E-FCA (equal volume (v/v) of "distilled injection water" and Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) were mixed and emulsified in water-in-oil style
- 2.5% test agent
- 2.5% test agent/FCA emulsion

2) Control group

- E-FCA

3) Positive control group

- E-FCA
- 0.1% DNCB/olive oil
- 0.1% DNCB/FCA emulsion

Patch sensitization
1) Test agent group
- 25% test agent
2) Control group
- distilled injection water
3) Positive control group
- 0.5% DNCB
Elicitation Treatment
1) Test group and control group
- 25% test agent
- 2.5% test agent
2) Positive control group
- 0.1% DNCB
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
physiological saline
Concentration / amount:
Intradermal sensitization
1) Test agent group

- E-FCA (equal volume (v/v) of "distilled injection water" and Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) were mixed and emulsified in water-in-oil style
- 2.5% test agent
- 2.5% test agent/FCA emulsion

2) Control group

- E-FCA

3) Positive control group

- E-FCA
- 0.1% DNCB/olive oil
- 0.1% DNCB/FCA emulsion

Patch sensitization
1) Test agent group
- 25% test agent
2) Control group
- distilled injection water
3) Positive control group
- 0.5% DNCB
Elicitation Treatment
1) Test group and control group
- 25% test agent
- 2.5% test agent
2) Positive control group
- 0.1% DNCB
No. of animals per dose:
Control group: 5 animals
Test agent group: 10 animals
Positive conrol group: 5 animals
Details on study design:
Intradermal Sensitization:
Supra scapular fur was shaved by an electric clipper in order to establish 24 cm sensitization regions, and with the midline as the axis of symmetry, 0.1 ml of below preparations were injected per region of each left-right pair.
1) Test agent group
E-FCA
2.5% test agent
2.5% test agent/FCA emulsion
2) Control group
E-FCA (2 pairs in total)
3) Positive control group
E-FCA
0.1% DNCB/olive oil
0.1% DNCB/FCA emulsion

Patch Sensitization:
Six days after the intradermal sensitization, the fur in the sensitization regions of the animals in the control groups and the test agent group were shaved by an electric clipper and an electric shaver, then sodium lauryl sulfate (contains 10% petrolatum) was applied. Seven days after the intradermal sensitization, the control group animals were applied with distilled injection water, the test agent group with 25 % test agent, and the positive control group with 0.5 % DNCB, by placing 24 cm lints (Nankai Sangyou Co.) moistened with 0.2 ml each of the preparation on the shaved sensitization regions and by covering them with rubber dam sheets (Nihon Rikagaku Industry Co., Ltd.), then the trunks were wrapped with Dermicel (Johnson & Johnson K.K.) for 48 hours for occlusive dressing.

Elicitation Treatment (challenge):
Fourteen days after the start of the patch sensitization, the flank fur of the animals were shaved by an electric clipper and an electric shaver, and for the control group and the test agent group, the areas were applied with 25% test agent and 2.5% test agent to each group, respectively, by placing 22 cm lints moistened with 0.1 ml of the preparation, and by covering them with oilpaper and rubber dam sheets, then the trunks were wrapped with Dermicel (Johnson & Johnson K.K.) for 24 hours for occlusive dressing. For the positive control group, 0.1% DNCB was applied by placing 22 cm lints moistened with 0.1 ml of the preparation and by covering them with rubber dam sheets, then the trunks were wrapped with Dermicel (Johnson & Johnson K.K.) for 24 hours for occlusive dressing.
Challenge controls:
25% test agent
- 2.5 g of the test agent was suspended in distilled injection water to make 10 ml.
2.5% test agent
- 0.25 g of the test agent was suspended in distilled injection water to make 10 ml.
0.1% DNCB
- 0.01 g of DNCB was dissolved in ethanol to make 10 ml.
Positive control substance(s):
yes
Remarks:
DNCB

Results and discussion

Positive control results:
0.1% DNCB elicited region: Diffused moderate erythema or severe erythema and edema were acknowledged in every sample 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal. Furthermore, scab formations were acknowledged in 4/5 cases after both 24 and 48 hours, and desquamation were acknowledged in all cases after 48 hours. The average scores 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal were 3.0 and 2.8, respectively.

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
25%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 25%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
25%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 25%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
2.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 2.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
2.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 2.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
25%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 25%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
25%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 25%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
2.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 2.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: none.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
2.5%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Clinical observations:
none
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 2.5%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0. Clinical observations: none.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Skin Reaction

2.1 Test Agent Group

1) 25% test agent elicited region.

No skin reaction was acknowledged 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal.

The average scores 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal were both 0.

2) 2.5% test agent elicited region

No skin reaction was acknowledged 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal.

The average scores 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal were both 0.

2.2 Control Group

1) 25% test agent elicited region.

No skin reaction was acknowledged 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal.

The average scores 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal were both 0.

2) 2.5% test agent elicited region

No skin reaction was acknowledged 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal.

The average scores 24 and 48 hours after the elicitation patch removal were both 0.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
Since no skin reaction was acknowledged in the elicited region of either the test agent group or the control group, it was surmised that TZ-3y does not have skin sensitizing potential under the conditions of this test. On the other hand, it was confirmed that DNCB, the positive control agent, has an extreme skin sensitizing potential.