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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation: Get medical attention immediately. Move exposed person to fresh

air. If it is suspected that fumes are still present, the rescuer

should wear an appropriate mask or self-contained breathing

apparatus. Keep person warm and at rest. If not breathing, if

breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial

respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. It may be dangerous to

the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If

unconscious, place in recovery position and get medical attention

immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing such

as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. In case of inhalation of decomposition products in a fire, symptoms may be delayed. The

exposed person may need to be kept under medical surveillance for 48 hours.

Ingestion: Get medical attention immediately. Wash out mouth with water.

Move exposed person to fresh air. Keep person warm and at rest.

If material has been swallowed and the exposed person is

conscious, give small quantities of water to drink. Stop if the

exposed person feels sick as vomiting may be dangerous. Do not

induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. If

vomiting occurs, the head should be kept low so that vomit does

not enter the lungs. Chemical burns must be treated promptly by a

physician. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious

person. If unconscious, place in recovery position and get medical

attention immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight

clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.

Skin contact: Get medical attention immediately. Wash skin immediately with

plenty of water and soap. Remove contaminated clothing and

shoes. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes. Chemical burns

must be treated promptly by a physician. Wash clothing before

reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse.

Eye contact: Get medical attention immediately. Immediately flush eyes with

plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids.

Check for and remove any contact lenses. Continue to rinse for at

least 10 minutes. Chemical burns must be treated promptly by a physician.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media: Use dry chemical powder.

Unsuitable extinguishing media: Do not use water jet.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hazards from the substance or mixture: Fine dust clouds may form explosive mixtures with air.

Hazardous combustion products

Decomposition products may include the following materials: carbon oxides

nitrogen oxides

Advice for firefighters

Special precautions for fire-fighters: Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the

vicinity of the incident if there is a fire. No action shall be taken

involving any personal risk or without suitable training. Move

containers from fire area if this can be done without risk. Use

water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters: Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and selfcontained

breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Remark: Do not release runoff from fire to drains or watercourses. Cool

closed containers exposed to fire with water. When extinguishing

with water pay attention to caustic burns.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures:

Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. No action

shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable

training. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from

entering. Do not touch or walk through spilt material. Shut off all

ignition sources. No flares, smoking or flames in hazard area.

Avoid breathing dust. Provide adequate ventilation. Put on appropriate personal protective equipment.

Environmental precautions: Avoid dispersal of spilt material and runoff and contact with soil,

waterways, drains and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if

the product has caused environmental pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air).

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Small spill: Move containers from spill area. Vacuum or sweep up material and

place in a designated, labelled waste container. Use spark-proof

tools and explosion-proof equipment. Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.

Large spill: Move containers from spill area. Prevent entry into sewers, water

courses, basements or confined areas. Vacuum or sweep up

material and place in a designated, labelled waste container. Avoid

creating dusty conditions and prevent wind dispersal. Use sparkproof

tools and explosion-proof equipment. Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling: Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. Put on

appropriate personal protective equipment). Eating,

drinking and smoking should be prohibited in areas where this

material is handled, stored and processed. Workers should wash

hands and face before eating, drinking and smoking. Avoid

exposure during pregnancy. Do not get in eyes or on skin or

clothing. Do not breathe dust. Do not ingest. Avoid the creation of

dust when handling and avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark

or flame). Prevent dust accumulation. Use only with adequate

ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is

inadequate. Keep in the original container or an approved

alternative made from a compatible material, kept tightly closed

when not in use. Electrical equipment and lighting should be

protected to appropriate standards to prevent dust coming into

contact with hot surfaces, sparks or other ignition sources. Empty

containers retain product residue and can be hazardous. The

product is registered with strictly controlled conditions

and must therefore be handled as such. Refer to the

industry guidance prepared by Concawe/Cefic/EFCG for advice on the confirmation of strictly controlled conditions.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in a segregated

and approved area. Store in original container protected from direct

sunlight in a dry, cool and well-ventilated area, away from

incompatible materials and food and drink.

Eliminate all ignition sources. Separate from oxidizing materials.

Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use.

Containers that have been opened must be carefully resealed and

kept upright to prevent leakage. Do not store in unlabelled

containers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.

Remarks: Keep under nitrogen or argon. Take precautionary measures

against electrostatic discharges. Avoid all possible sources of

ignition (spark or flame). Vent waste air only via suitable separators or scrubbers.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Control parameters

Exposure limit values: Not available

Recommended monitoring procedures: If this product contains ingredients with exposure limits, personal, workplace atmosphere or

biological monitoring may be required to determine the effectiveness of the ventilation or other control measures and/or  the necessity

to use repiratory protective equipment. Reference should be made to monitoring standards,

such as the following: European Standard EN 689 (Workplace

atmospheres - Guidance for the assessment of exposure by

inhalation to chemical agents for comparison with limit values and

measurement strategy) European Standard EN 14042 (Workplace

atmospheres - Guide for the application and use of procedures for

the assessment of exposure to chemical and biological agents)

European Standard EN 482 (Workplace atmospheres - General

requirements for the performance of procedures for the

measurement of chemical agents) Reference to national guidance

documents for methods for the determination of hazardous substances will also be required.

Exposure controls

Risk management measures

Occupational exposure controls

Technical measures: Use only with adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local

exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep worker

exposure to airborne contaminants below any recommended or

statutory limits. Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. The

substance shall be rigorously contained by technical means during

its whole lifecycle including manufacture, purification, cleaning and

maintenance of equipment, sampling, analysis, loading and

unloading of equipment or vessels, waste disposal or purification

and storage. Procedural and control technologies shall be used

that minimise emission and any resulting exposure. In cases of

accident and where waste is generated, procedural and/or control technologies shall be used to minimise emissions and the resulting

exposure during purification or cleaning and maintenance procedures.

Organisational measures: Only properly trained and authorised personnel shall handle the

substance. In the case of cleaning and maintenance works,

special procedures such as purging and washing shall be applied

before the system is opened and entered.

Personal protection measures

Respiratory protection: If exposure cannot be ruled out, e.g. during product transfer,

sampling or maintenance, a well-fitting respiratory mask

conforming to standards or well-fitting respiratory device

conforming to standards must be worn. Respirator selection must

be based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of

the product and the safe working limits of the selected respirator.

Recommended: In case of dust formation particle filter P2.

Hand protection: Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved

standard should be worn at all times when handling chemical

products if product contact cannot be excluded. After

contamination with product change the gloves immediately and

dispose of them according to relevant national and local

regulations

Recommended: (< 1 hour) Polyvinyl chloride - PVC or rubber gloves

Eye protection: If operating conditions cause high dust concentrations to be

produced, use dust goggles. Safety eyewear complying with an

approved standard should be used to avoid exposure to liquid

splashes, mists, gases or dusts.

Recommended: safety glasses with side-shields or Tightly fitting safety goggles.

Skin protection: Wear protective clothing. Personal protective equipment for the

body should be selected based on the task being performed and

the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist before

handling this product.

Recommended: Wear protective clothing.

Hygiene measures : Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling

chemical products, before eating, smoking and using the lavatory

and at the end of the working period. Appropriate techniques

should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing. Wash

contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash

stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.

Environmental exposure controls

Technical measures: Emissions from ventilation or work process equipment should be

checked to ensure they comply with the requirements of

environmental protection legislation. In some cases, special waste

water treatment, fume scrubbers, filters or engineering

modifications to the process equipment will be necessary to reduce emissions to acceptable levels.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity: No specific test data related to reactivity available for this product or its ingredients.

Chemical stability: The product is stable.

Possibility of hazardous reactions: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous reactions will not occur.

Conditions to avoid: Protect from moisture. Reactive with water.

Incompatible materials

Reactive or incompatible with the following materials: oxidizing materials

Hazardous decomposition products: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous

decomposition products should not be produced.

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Product

Methods of disposal: Examine possibilities for re-utilisation. Product residues and

uncleaned empty containers should be packaged, sealed, labelled,

and disposed of or recycled according to relevant national and

local regulations. Where large quantities are concerned, consult

the supplier. When uncleaned empty containers are passed on,

the recipient must be warned of any possible hazard that may be

caused by residues. For disposal within the EC, the appropriate

code according to the European Waste List (EWL) should be used.

It is among the tasks of the polluter to assign the waste to waste

codes specific to industrial sectors and processes according to the European Waste List (EWL).

Hazardous waste: The classification of the product may meet the criteria for a hazardous waste.

Packaging

Methods of disposal: The generation of waste should be avoided or minimised wherever

possible. Waste packaging should be recycled. Incineration or

landfill should only be considered when recycling is not feasible.

Special precautions: This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.

Care should be taken when handling emptied containers that have

not been cleaned or rinsed out. Empty containers or liners may

retain some product residues. Avoid dispersal of spilt material and

runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains and sewers.