Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term repeated dose toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
November 05, 2007-December 17, 2007
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and EU guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2008
Report Date:
2008

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 407 (Repeated Dose 28-Day Oral Toxicity in Rodents)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.7 (Repeated Dose (28 Days) Toxicity (Oral))
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: - OPPTS 870.3050, Repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity study in rodents. Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances (7101), EPA 712-C-00-366, 2000.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Corsair Resin 5
- Substance type: UVCB
- Physical state: beige solid granules
- Stability under test conditions: stable
- Storage condition of test material: At room temperature in the dark

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany.
- Age at study initiation: Approximately 6 weeks.
- Weight at study initiation: males 146-165 g; females 126-141 g
- Fasting period before study: not applicable
- Housing: Group housing of 5 animals per sex in Macrolon cages (MIV type) with sterilised sawdust as bedding material
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: At least 5 days before the start of treatment under laboratory conditions.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19.3 – 21.7
- Humidity (%): 33 - 81%
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
corn oil
Details on oral exposure:
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS:
Formulations (w/w) were prepared daily within 4 hours prior to dosing, and were homogenised to visually acceptable levels. Adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle. No correction was made for the purity of the test substance.

VEHICLE
- Justification for use and choice of vehicle (if other than water): Based on trial formulations and on information from the sponsor.
- Concentration in vehicle: 0, 50, 150, 1000 mg/ml
- Amount of vehicle (if gavage): 5 ml/kg
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
No chemical analyses were conducted, since no analytical method could be developed for formulations of test substance in corn oil.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
At least 28 days
Frequency of treatment:
Once daily, 7 days per week, approximately the same time each day with a maximum of 4 hours difference between the earliest and latest dose.

Doses / concentrations
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
50, 150 and 1000 mg/kg/day
Basis:
actual ingested
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Details on study design:
- Dose selection rationale: Dose levels are based on results of a 8-day dose range finding study with CORSAIR Resin 5


Examinations

Observations and examinations performed and frequency:
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: At least twice daily.
- Cage side observations : Mortality / Viability

DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: At least once daily

BODY WEIGHT: Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: Weekly.

FOOD CONSUMPTION : Weekly.
- Food consumption for each animal determined and mean daily diet consumption calculated as g food/kg body weight/day: Yes

OPHTHALMOSCOPIC EXAMINATION: No

HAEMATOLOGY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: immediately prior to scheduled post mortem examination at the end of the treatment
- Anaesthetic used for blood collection: Yes (iso-flurane )
- Animals fasted: Yes, overnight
- How many animals: all animals
- Parameters examined: White blood cells, Differential leucocyte count (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils), Red blood cells, Reticulocytes, Red blood cell distribution width, Haemoglobin, Haematocrit, Mean corpuscular volume, Mean corpuscular haemoglobin, Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, Platelets, Prothrombin time, Activated Partial thromboplastin time

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: immediately prior to scheduled post mortem examination at the end of the treatment
- Animals fasted: Yes, overnight
- How many animals: all animals
- Parameters examined: Alanine aminotransferase, Aspartate aminotransferase, Alkaline phosphatase, Total Protein, Albumin, Total Bilirubin, Urea, Creatinine, Glucose, Cholesterol, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Calcium, Inorganic Phosphate

URINALYSIS: No

NEUROBEHAVIOURAL EXAMINATION: Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: During week 4 of treatment
- Dose groups that were examined: all dose groups
- Battery of functions tested: hearing ability, pupillary reflex, static righting reflex and grip strength, motor activity test.
Sacrifice and pathology:
GROSS PATHOLOGY: Yes
Adrenal glands, (Aorta), Brain [cerebellum, mid-brain, cortex], Caecum, Cervix, (Clitoral gland), Colon, Duodenum, Epididymides, (Eyes with optic nerve [if detectable] and Harderian gland), (Female mammary gland area), (Femur including joint), Heart, Ileum, Jejunum, Kidneys, (Larynx), (Lacrimal gland, exorbital), Liver, Lung, infused with formalin, Lymph nodes - mandibular, mesenteric, (Nasopharynx), Oesophagus, Ovaries, Pancreas, Peyer's patches [jejunum, ileum] if detectable, Pituitary gland, (Preputial gland), Prostate gland, Rectum, (Salivary glands - mandibular, sublingual), Sciatic nerve, Seminal vesicles, (Skeletal muscle), (Skin) , Spinal cord -cervical, midthoracic, lumbar, Spleen, Sternum with bone marrow, Stomach, Testes, Thymus, Thyroid including parathyroid [if detectable], (Tongue), Trachea, Urinary bladder, Uterus, Vagina, All gross lesions

Tissues/organs mentioned in parentheses were not examined by the pathologist, since no signs of toxicity were noted at macroscopic examination.

The following organ weights and terminal body weight were recorded: Adrenal glands, Brain, Epididymides, Heart, Kidneys, Liver, Spleen, Testes, Thymus

HISTOPATHOLOGY: Yes
The following slides were examined by a pathologist:
- all tissues collected at the scheduled sacrifice from all group 1 and 4 animals,
- all tissues from animal no 39 which died at blood sampling,
- all gross lesions.
Tissues/organs mentioned in parentheses under GROSS PATHOLOGY (see above) were not examined by the pathologist, since no signs of toxicity were noted at macroscopic examination.
Statistics:
- If the variables could be assumed to follow a normal distribution, the Dunnett-test (many-to-one t-test) based on a pooled variance estimate was applied for the comparison of the treated groups and the control groups for each sex.
- The Steel-test (many-to-one rank test) was applied when the data could not be assumed to follow a normal distribution.
- The exact Fisher-test was applied to frequency data.
All tests were two-sided and in all cases p < 0.05 was accepted as the lowest level of significance. Group means were calculated for continuous data and medians were calculated for discrete data (scores) in the summary tables. Test statistics were calculated on the basis of exact values for means and pooled variances. Individual values, means and standard deviations may have been rounded off before printing. Therefore, two groups may display the same printed means for a given parameter, yet display different test statistics values.

Results and discussion

Results of examinations

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Food efficiency:
not examined
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not examined
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
no effects observed
Clinical biochemistry findings:
no effects observed
Urinalysis findings:
not examined
Behaviour (functional findings):
no effects observed
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
no effects observed
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
not examined
Details on results:
MORTALITY
One female (no.39, receiving 1000 mg/kg/day) died during blood sampling, which was considered to be an accidental death.

HAEMATOLOGY
The statistically significant lower partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of females at 1000 mg/kg/day was of a very slight nature (i.e. within the range considered normal for rats of this age and strain). This change was considered to be of no toxicological significance.

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY
Any statistically significant changes were considered to be of no toxicological significance as they occurred in the absence of a treatment-related distribution and/or remained within the range considered normal for rats of this age and strain. These changes included lower albumin levels in males at 1000 mg/kg/day, higher glucose levels in females at 50 mg/kg/day, lower potassium levels in females at 50 mg/kg/day, higher potassium levels in females at 1000 mg/kg/day, and higher inorganic phosphate levels in females at 150 and 1000 mg/kg/day.

ORGAN WEIGHTS
The statistically significant higher kidney weight of females at 150 mg/kg/day occurred in the absence of a dose-related trend, and was within the normal range for rats of this age and strain. This change was considered not to be a sign of toxicity.

Effect levels

Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
>= 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: No toxicologically significant changes were noted in any of the parameters investigated in this study.

Target system / organ toxicity

Critical effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
No toxicologically significant changes were noted in any of the parameters investigated in this study (i.e. clinical appearance, functional observations, body weight, food consumption, clinical laboratory investigations, macroscopic examination, organ weights, and microscopic examination).

From the results presented in this report a No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for CORSAIR RESIN 5 of >= 1000 mg/kg bw/day was established.