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VOC Emissions from Storage of Petrol and its Distribution Directive

European Parliament and Council Directive 94/63/EC of 20 December 1994 on the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions resulting from the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service stations

Scope

Directive 1994/63/EC (aka Stage I Petrol Vapour Recovery) aims at preventing VOC emissions during the storage of petrol at terminals and its subsequent distribution to service stations. The Directive contains measures that terminals should employ, such as floating roofs and reflective coatings, to reduce evaporative losses from storage tanks. In addition, when petrol is loaded onto tankers and transported to service stations, the directive ensures that any vapours are recovered and returned to the tanker or terminal.

Exemptions

In accordance with Art. 4(4) (a) and (b), certain exemptions apply to: (a) existing terminals with a throughput of less than 10 000 tonnes/year and; (b) to new terminals with a throughput of less than 5 000 tonnes/year located in small remote islands.

Regulatory activities

The Directive's provisions set down how: • Storage installations shall be designed and operated in accordance with the technical provisions of Annex I (Art. 3); • Loading and unloading equipment shall be designed and operated in accordance with the technical provisions of Annex II (Art. 4); • Mobile containers shall be designed and operated in accordance with the requirements specified (Art. 5); and • Loading and storage equipment shall be designed and operated in accordance with the technical provisions of Annex III (Art. 6).

Relevant product types

No reference data

Reference documents

Yes Directive 2009/126/EC on Stage II petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of motor vehicles at service stations Council Directive 82/714/EEC laying down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels

Obligations based on CLP hazard class

No provision

Obligations based on properties of concerns

No provision

EU-level occupational exposure limits

No provision

EU-level emission limit values

Provisions on emission limit values (ELV) are given in: • Art. 3 (Storage installations at terminals) and accompanying requirements provided in Annex I; • Art. 4 (Loading and unloading of mobile containers at terminals) and accompanying requirements provided in Annex II; • Art. 6 (Loading into storage installations at service stations) and accompanying requirements provided in Annex III.

Substance-centric data source(s) at the EU level

Not applicable

Industry submission system in place

Not applicable

Format for industry submission

Not applicable

Owner

DG Environment

Update process

DG Environment

Amendments

Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 September 2003 Regulation (EC) No 1137/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 Decision (EU) 2018/853 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 Regulation (EU) 2019/1243 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019

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