Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
905-588-0
CAS no.:
-
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
Multi constituent substance
Origin:
Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
53
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, is a flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful in contact with skin, is harmful if inhaled, causes serious eye irritation, may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 121 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Liq. 3 H226
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Asp. Tox. 1 H304
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
STOT RE 2 H373
STOT SE 3 H335
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 102 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: lubricants and greases, polishes and waxes, adhesives and sealants, anti-freeze products and biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use as processing aid, indoor use as processing aid, outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, polymers, adhesives and sealants and lubricants and greases.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, building & construction work and mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, polymers and adhesives and sealants.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, laboratory work, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, lubricants and greases, coating products, adhesives and sealants, anti-freeze products and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, manufacturing of the substance and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: take actions to prevent static discharges; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. Do not induce vomiting.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AFCONA Additives B.V., Amperestraat 34 1704SN Heerhugowaard Netherlands
  • Afton Chemical S.P.R.L. (Woluwe), Alma Court Lenneke Marelaan, 8 B-1932 St-Stevens-Woluwe Belgium
  • AGC Chemicals Europe, Ltd., York House Hillhouse FY5 4QD Thornton Cleveleys Lancashire United Kingdom
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR1, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR2, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • Arsol Aromatics GmbH & Co. KG, Uferstr. 105 45881 Gelsenkirchen Germany
  • Boeing Distribution, Inc. (d/b/a Aviall), Schillingweg 40 2153PL Nieuw-Vennep Noord-Holland Netherlands
  • BP Aromatics Ltd, Amocolaan 2 2440 Geel Belgium
  • Braskem Netherlands B.V., Weena 00240, C 9th floor NL - 3012 NJ PO Box 30128 3001 DC Rotterdam Netherlands
  • BYK Chemie GmbH - OR, Abelstrasse 45 46483 Wesel Germany
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV, Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for IXE), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for ZUH), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • CCD (Germany) GmbH, Graf-Adolf-Strasse 68 40210 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Charles River Laboratories Den Bosch B.V. OR18, Hambakenwetering 7 5231 DD 's-Hertogenbosch Netherlands
  • Chemservice GmbH - (R2S5), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT SA 087, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 075, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 2M, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 4M, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Cytec Industries BV, Burgemeester van Lierplein 75 3134 ZB Vlaardingen Netherlands
  • DDP Specialty Products Germany GmbH , August-Wolff-Strasse 13 29699 Bomlitz Germany
  • DEZA a.s., Masarykova 753 75701 Valasske Mezirici Czech Republic
  • DKSH GmbH, Baumwall 3 20459 Hamburg Germany
  • Dow Belgium B.V.B.A., Grotesteenweg 214 B-2600 Antwerpen (Berchem) Belgium Belgium
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-20, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-52, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW DEUTSCHLAND ANLAGENGESELLSCHAFT mbH, Am Kronberger Hang 4 D-65824 Schwalbach Germany
  • DOW ITALIA S.R.L., Via F. Albani 65 20148 Milano Italy
  • DOW POLSKA SP.Z.O.O., ul. Domaniewska numer 50A 02-672 Warszawa Poland
  • DOW PORTUGAL - PRODUTOS QUIMICOS UNIPESSOAL LDA, Rua do rio Antua, no 1 3860-529 Estarreja Portugal
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-1, PSRC - rue Jules Bordet Parc industriel C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL OR-3, PSRC - Rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • DSM Coating Resins B.V., Ceintuurbaan 5 8022 AW Zwolle Netherlands
  • Envigo Research Limited 201, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • ESSEX S.A.S, 145 rue de la Republique 69330 MEYZIEU France
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • FUJIFILM Electronic Materials (Europe) N.V., Keetberglaan 1A Haven 1061 2070 Zwijndrecht Antwerp Belgium
  • Glencore Energy UK Ltd, 50 Berkeley Street W1J 8HD London United Kingdom
  • GRUPA LOTOS S.A., ul. Elblaska 135 80-718 Gdańsk pomorskie Poland
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Hexion B.V., Seattleweg 17, building 4 3195 ND Pernis-Rotterdam Netherlands
  • HH Compliance Ltd., The Rubicon Centre, CIT Campus, 0000 Bishopstown, Cork Ireland
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy
  • Innospec Limited (OR1), Innospec Manufacturing Park Oil Sites Road CH65 4EY Ellesmere Port Cheshire United Kingdom
  • ITW Performance Polymers, A Division of ITW Ireland, Bay 150 Shannon Industrial Estate V14 DF82 Shannon Co. Clare Ireland
  • John Hogg Technical Solutions Ltd, Mellors Road Trafford Park M17 1PB Manchester United Kingdom
  • King Industries International, Science Park 402 1098 XH Amsterdam Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Leica Biosystems Nussloch GmbH, Heidelberger Straße 17-19 69226 Nussloch Germany
  • LORD Germany GMBH, Ottostrasse 28 41836 Hueckelhoven North Rhine - Westphalia Germany
  • LORD Germany GmbH, Ottostraße 28 41836 Hückelhoven North Rhine - Westphalia Germany
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 01, Chaussee De Wavre, 1945 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 02 , Chaussee De Wavre 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol France SAS, 25 Quai de France 76100 ROUEN France
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Nalco Limited, P.O. Box 11, Winnington Avenue, CW8 4DX Northwich, Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Nippon Paint Marine (Europe) GmbH, Schmiedestraße 10 25348 Glückstadt Germany
  • Nouryon Surface Chemistry AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - S-44485 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • NP Automotive Coating (Europe) Ltd, Britannia Park Radway Road SN3 4ND Swindon Wiltshire United Kingdom
  • NuSil Technology LLC, 1198 Avenue Maurice Donat 06 906 06250 Mougins France
  • OQEMA Contract GmbH, OR1, Nauheimer Strasse 37 70372 Stuttgart Germany
  • Peak Spain, Ribera del Loira 4 - 6 Edificio Iris (4th floor) 28042 Madrid Spain
  • Petróleos de Portugal - Petrogal, S.A., Rua Tomás da Fonseca, Torres de Lisboa 1600-209 Lisboa Portugal
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR12, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR7, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. in its legal capacity as Only Representative of PRC DeSoto International Inc. - OR5, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Industries Italia Srl Società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento da parte di PPG Industries Inc., Via Serra, 1 15028 Quattordio Italy
  • Raffinerie Heide GmbH, Meldorfer Straße 43 25770 Hemmingstedt Germany
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • Ricardo-AEA, Shoreham Technical Centre Old Shoreham Road BN43 8FG Shoreham by Sea West Sussex United Kingdom
  • SARLUX srl, S.S. Sulcitana 195 km. 19 09018 Sarroch (CA) Sardinia Italy
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Shell Chemicals Europe B.V., Weena 70 3012 CM Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH, Suhrenkamp 71-77, 22335 Hamburg Germany
  • Shell Trading International Ltd, Shell Centre SE1 7NA London United Kingdom
  • Shepherd Europe SARL FO, 275, rue de Lorraine 88500 Juvaincourt France
  • SI Group-Béthune S.A.S., 1111 Avenue George Washington Boite Postale 237 62404 Cedex Béthune France
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Belgium, BVBA, Sneeuwbeslaan 20 / Pb10 B-2610 Wilrijk Belgium
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V., Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-4, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • TOTAL RAFFINADERIJ ANTWERPEN NV, SCHELDELAAN 16, 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Toyota Tsusho Europe S.A., Belgicastraat 13 1930 Zaventem Belgium
  • TROY CHEMICAL COMPANY BV, Uiverlaan 12E 3145XN Maassluis Netherlands
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (051), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstraße 199 80686 Munich Germany
  • Valspar b.v., Zuiveringweg 89 8243 PE Lelystad Netherlands
  • versalis S.p.A., P.zza Boldrini 1 20097 San Donato Milanese MILANO Italy
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Zeeland Refinery N.V., LUXEMBURGWEG 1, NL 4455 TM NIEUWDORP Zld Netherlands
  • TOYOTA TSUSHO UK Ltd, Pond End, Willow Farm Business Park DE74 2UB Castle Donnington Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • UMCO GmbH, Georg-Wilhelm-Straße 187 21107 Hamburg Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Reaction mass of ethylbenzene and xylene
Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, REACH pre-registration
1,2-xylene; 1,3-xylene; 1,4-xylene; ethylbenzene
Registration dossier
[931-140-9] Duramac 307-1014 isolated intermediate
C&L Inventory
dimethylbenzene
Registration dossier
m-xylene
Registration dossier
Mixed xylene
Registration dossier
Mixed xylenes
Registration dossier
Mixed xylenes (CAS 1330-20-7)
Registration dossier
Mixed xylenes2
Registration dossier
No IUPAC name
Registration dossier
No Iupac name for this multi constituent substance
Registration dossier
PPL WASH
C&L Inventory
Reaction mass of dimethylbenzene and ethylbenzene
C&L Inventory
Reaction mass of Ethybenzene and Xylene
Registration dossier
Reaction mass of ethyl benzene and xylene
Registration dossier
Reaction Mass of Ethylbenzene and Xylenes
Registration dossier
Reaction mass of ethylbenzole and xylene
Registration dossier
Reaction mass of m-xylene and o-xylene and p-xylene and ethylbenzene
Registration dossier
Reaction mass of m-xylene, o-xylene, p-xylene and ethylbenzene
Registration dossier
Reaction mass of xylene and ethylbenzene
C&L Inventory
RL801 Silicone Release Agent
C&L Inventory
Xileni, xileni misti
Registration dossier
xylene
Registration dossier
Xylenes
Registration dossier

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (75%), Solid (25%) [8]
C Form
Other (100%) [4]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-94.96 - 13.25 °C @ 101.3 kPa [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-39.3 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Boiling point
136.16 - 144.5 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
139.6 °C

Density

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Density
0.86 - 0.88 g/cm³ @ 20 - 25 °C [5]
R Relative density
0.86 - 0.863 @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.86

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
12.824 - 24 hPa @ 20 - 35 °C [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
8.21 hPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Log Pow
3.12 - 3.49 @ 20 - 30 °C and pH 5 - 8 [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
3.16 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
54.1 - 208 mg/L @ 25 °C and pH 5.5 - 7 [13]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 2 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
165.8 mg/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
28.7 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R Flash point
18 - 32 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
18 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
432 - 528 °C @ 101.3 kPa [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
488 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (89%), Non flammable (11%) [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.581 - 0.76 [8]
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
0.76 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Static viscosity at 20 °C
0.74 mm²/s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
23.2 - 51.36 h [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Half life in air
48 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 20 studies processed
R BOD5
1.4 - 2.53 g O2/g test material [6]
R COD
2.56 - 2.91 g O2/g test material [6]
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (75%), Readily biodegradable but failing the 10-day window (13%), Inherently biodegradable (13%) [16]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 24
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Half-life in soil
23 days @ 28 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
25.9

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
537

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
425 - 900 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C and 101.3 kPa [28]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 2 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Henry's law constant
623 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 327 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 327 µg/L (2)
Marine water 327 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 6.58 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 12.46 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 12.46 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air Hazard related to composition of atmosphere identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 2.31 mg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.6 - 8.4 mg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
2.6 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 1.3 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
1.3 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
IC50 (24 h) 1 - 4.7 mg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
1 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 1.57 mg/L [2]
NOEC (7 days) 960 - 1 170 µg/L [4]
LOEC (21 days) 3.16 mg/L [2]
EC10 (21 days) 1.91 mg/L [2]
EL50 (21 days) 2.9 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
960 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (73 h) 2.2 - 4.36 mg/L [4]
EC50 (72 h) 4.6 - 4.9 mg/L [6]
NOEC (73 h) 440 µg/L [2]
EC10 (73 h) 720 - 1 900 µg/L [4]
EC90 (73 h) 4.4 - 10 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
1.3 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
440 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 16 - 16.2 mg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
96 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
16 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
16 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Short-term EC50 / LC50
1 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Short-term EC50
220 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 221 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 442 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 221 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 442 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 212 mg/kg bw/day neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 65.3 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 260 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 65.3 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 260 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 125 mg/kg bw/day neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12.5 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 3 523 - 4 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
LD50 5 251 - 5 627 mg/kg bw (mouse) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [4]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 6 350 - 6 700 ppm (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [4]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 12 126 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
LD50 5 000 mL/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [2]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 3 523 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 27 124 mg/m³
Dermal route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 12 126 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 150 - 250 mg/kg bw/day [4]
LOAEL (rat): 150 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 250 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 3 515 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 500 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2 4
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Effect on developmental toxicity
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed BMCL10 4 698 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant