Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name:
  • IUPAC name: lambda2-lead(2+) bis(lambda1-copper(1+)) triantimony arsenic dicadmium tricopper iron tetrakis(lambda2-stannane) lead silver zinc oxidandiide sulfanediide
  • Substance names and other identifiers
EC / List no.:
308-011-5
CAS no.:
97808-88-3
Index number:
Molecular formula:
AgAsCd2Cu5FeH8OPb2SSb3Sn4Zn
SMILES:
[O--].[S--].[Fe].[Cu].[Cu].[Cu].[Cu+].[Cu+].[Zn].[As].[Ag].[Cd].[Cd].[SnH2].[SnH2].[SnH2].[SnH2].[Sb].[Sb].[Sb].[Pb].[Pb++]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Ag.As.2Cd.5Cu.Fe.O.2Pb.S.3Sb.4Sn.Zn.8H/q;;;;;;;2*+1;;-2;;+2;-2;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
29
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may damage the unborn child and is suspected of damaging fertility, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, may cause cancer, may cause harm to breast-fed children, is suspected of causing cancer and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 213 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Repr. 1A H360Df Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372
Lact. H362
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1A H350
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Carc. 2 H351
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 2 H373 Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (60% of REACH registrations).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations).
  • Ss
There is no overall agreement among data submitters, but a minority indicate they consider this substance as Skin sensitising (40% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 22 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 000 to < 1 000 000 per annum.

This substance is used at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Aurubis AG, Hovestrasse 50 20539 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Boliden Bergsöe AB, Gasverksgatan S-26122 Landskrona Sweden
  • Boliden Mineral AB, Rönnskärsverken 93281 Skelleftehamn Sweden
  • Britannia Refined Metals Ltd., Botany Road Northfleet DA11 9BG Gravesend Kent United Kingdom
  • Campine Recycling nv, Nijverheidsstraat 2 2340 Beerse Belgium
  • Clarios Recycling GmbH, Am Leineufer 51 30419 Hannover Germany
  • Ecometal, Kesk 2/26 40231 Sillamäe Estonia
  • Exide Technologies Recycling II, Lda, Estrada Nacional n.º3, Km6,5 Vila Nova da Rainha 2050-306 Azambuja Lisboa Portugal
  • Exide Technologies Recycling, S.L., Ronda de D'alt, s/n. 17.164 Bonmatí (Girona) Spain
  • Exide Technologies, S.L., Ctra. Nacional II km 41,8 19.200 Azuqueca de Henares Guadalajara Spain
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Jamestown Metal Resources Limited, Jamestown Road Inchicore 8 Dublin Ireland
  • Jean Goldschmidt International, Place de l'Albertine 2 1000 Bruxelles Belgium
  • KCM S.A., Assenovgradsko shosse 4009 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • Kovohutě Příbram nástupnická, a. s., Příbram VI č.p. 530 26181 Příbram Středočeský kraj Czech Republic
  • Metallo Belgium NV, Nieuwe Dreef 33 B-2340 Beerse Antwerp Belgium
  • Metallo Spain SLU, Arana Bidea 20 ES-48640 Berango Vizcaya Spain
  • METALURGICA DE MEDINA S.A., Ctra. de Pozaldez, s/n 47400 MEDINA DEL CAMPO VALLADOLID Spain
  • Monbat Recycling EAD, Industrialna 76 3400 Montana Bulgaria
  • Portovesme s.r.l., S.P. n. 2 Carbonia-Portoscuso km 16.5 09010 Portoscuso Carbonia-Iglesias Italy
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Uzimet BV, Delftweg 62 2289 BA Rijswijk Netherlands
  • Azor Ambiental S.A., Ctra. Madrid Km.387 Pol. Ind. La Polvorista 30500 Molina de Segura Murcia Spain
  • Feinhütte Halsbrücke GmbH, Krummenhennersdorfer Str. 2 09633 Halsbrücke Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands

Substance names and other identifiers

Lead, bullion
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other
Bullion, lead
Registration dossier
lambda2-lead(2+) bis(lambda1-copper(1+)) triantimony arsenic dicadmium tricopper iron tetrakis(lambda2-stannane) lead silver zinc oxidandiide sulfanediide
Other
Lead bullion
Registration dossier
Lead bullion, Primary lead
Registration dossier
Bullion lead
Registration dossier
Lead Solder
Registration dossier
Unrefined lead
Registration dossier
97808-88-3
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Data not provided by the registrant

Melting/freezing point

Data not provided by the registrant

Boiling point

Data not provided by the registrant

Density

Data not provided by the registrant

Vapour pressure

Data not provided by the registrant

Partition coefficient

Data not provided by the registrant

Water solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Data not provided by the registrant

Flash point

Data not provided by the registrant

Auto flammability

Data not provided by the registrant

Flammability

Data not provided by the registrant

Explosiveness

Data not provided by the registrant

Oxidising

Data not provided by the registrant

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Data not provided by the registrant

Viscosity

Data not provided by the registrant

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Data not provided by the registrant

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Data not provided by the registrant

Acute toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Irritation / corrosion

Data not provided by the registrant

Sensitisation

Data not provided by the registrant

Repeated dose toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Genetic toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Data not provided by the registrant

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant