Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
272-183-7
CAS no.:
68783-07-3
Index number:
649-097-00-7
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
6
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer and is an extremely flammable gas.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, is harmful if inhaled, may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure and contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Breakdown of all 138 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Gas 1 H220 Harmonised Classification
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1A H360
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350
STOT RE 2 H373
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Officially recognised in the EU as Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • M
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Mutagenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (66.67% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 6 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 000 to < 1 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), manufacturing of the substance and for thermoplastic manufacture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

Keep out of reach of children.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: In case of leakage eliminate all ignition sources. In case of leaking gas fire do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • CEPSA Química, S.A., Torre CEPSA Paseo de Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Neste Oyj, Keilaranta 21 FI-02150 Espoo Finland
  • OMV Downstream GmbH, Trabrennstraße 6-8 A-1020 Wien Austria
  • OMV PETROM S.A., 22 Coralilor Street (“Petrom City”) Sector 1 013329 Bucharest Romania
  • SARLUX srl, S.S. Sulcitana 195 km. 19 09018 Sarroch (CA) Sardinia Italy

Substance names and other identifiers

[A complex combination obtained from various processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.]
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
C&L Inventory
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend; Petroleum gas [ complex combination obtained from various processes.; It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.]
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend; Petroleum gas
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes
Gases, petroleum, refinery blend
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
Other
Petroleum gas
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
C&L Inventory, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures
Refinery blend gas (petroleum)
A complex combination obtained from various refinery processes. It consists of hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C5.
Other
(Mitmesugustest protsessidest saadav keerulise koostisega segu. Koosneb vesinikust, vesiniksulfiidist ja süsivesinikest süsiniku aatomite arvuga valdavalt vahemikus C1 kuni C5.) (et)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleks blanding dannet fra forskjellige raffineriprosesser. Består av hydrogen, hydrogensulfid og hydrokarboner, hovedsakelig C1 til C5.] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleksna kombinacija dobljena iz različnih procesov. Sestoji iz vodika, vodikovega sulfida in ogljikovodikov s številom ogljikovih atomov pretežno v območju med C1 in C5.] (sl)
C&L Inventory
[Komplex elegy, melyet különféle folyamatokból nyernek. Hidrogénből, hidrogén-szulfidból és olyan szénhidrogénekből áll, melyek szénatomszáma főleg a C1-C5 tartományba esik.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
[komplexe Kombination, erhalten aus verschiedenen Verfahren; besteht aus Wasserstoff, Schwefelwasserstoff und Kohlenwasserstoffen mit Kohlenstoffzahlen vorwiegend im Bereich von C1 bis C5] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Komplexná zmes získavaná rozličnými procesmi. Pozostáva z vodíka, sírovodíka a uhľovodíkov s počtom atómov uhlíka prevažne v rozmedzí od C1 do C5.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[Monimutkainen seos, saatu useista prosesseista. Koostuu vedystä, rikkivedystä ja hiilivedyistä, joiden hiililuvut ovat pääasiassa välillä C1:stä C5:een.) (fi)
C&L Inventory
[O combinaţie complexă obţinută prin diferite procese. Constă în hidrogen, hidrogen sulfurat şi hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C1 şi C5.] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Ogļūdeņražu savienojumu komplekss, kas iegūts dažādos procesos. Sastāv galvenokārt no ūdeņraža, sērūdeņraža un ogļūdeņražiem pārsvarā ar oglekļa atomu skaitu no C1 līdz C5.] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[Složeni sastav dobiven iz različitih procesa. Sastoji se od vodika, vodikovog sulfida i ugljikovodika koji imaju broj ugljikovih atoma pretežito u području C1 do C5.] (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Složitá směs získaná z různých procesů. Je složena z vodíku, sirovodíku a uhlovodíků s počtem uhlíkových atomů převážně v rozmezí C1 až C5.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Sudėtinis mišinys, gaunamas iš įvairių procesų. Jį sudaro vandenilis, vandenilio sulfidas ir angliavandeniliai, turintys anglies atomų skaičių daugiausia nuo C1 iki C5.] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Złożona mieszanina otrzymana z licznych procesów. Składa się z wodoru, siarkowodoru i węglowodorów o liczbie atomów węgla zasadniczo w zakresie C1 do C5.] (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Πολύπλοκος συνδυασμός που λαμβάνεται από διάφορες διεργασίες διυλιστηρίου. Συνίσταται από υδρογόνο, υδρόθειο και υδρογονάνθρακες με αριθμό ατόμων άνθρακα κυρίως μεταξύ C1 και C5.] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Комплексна комбинация, получена при различни процеси. Състои се от водород, сероводород и въглеводороди с брой на въглеродните атоми преобладаващо в интервала от С1 доС5 включително.] (bg)
C&L Inventory
combinación compleja obtenida de diversos procesos; compuesta de hidrógeno, sulfuro de hidrógeno e hidrocarburos con un número de carbonos en su mayor parte dentro del intervalo de C1 a C5 (es)
C&L Inventory
Combinaison complexe résultant de divers procédés de raffinerie. Se compose d'hydrogène, d'hydrogène sulfuré et d'hydrocarbures dont le nombre de carbones se situe en majorité dans la gamme C1 -C5. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Combinazione complessa ottenuta da vari processi di raffineria. È costituita da idrogeno, idrogeno solforato e idrocarburi con numero di atomi di carbonio prevalentemente nell'intervallo C1 -C5. (it)
C&L Inventory
Combinação complexa proveniente de vários processos. É constituída por hidrogénio, sulfureto de hidrogénio e hidrocarbonetos com número de átomos de carbono predominantemente na gama C1 a C5. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Dujos (nafta), naftos perdirbimo dujos (lt)
C&L Inventory
Een complexe combinatie, verkregen uit uiteenlopende raffinageprocessen. Bestaat uit waterstof, waterstofsulfide en koolwaterstoffen, overwegend C1 tot en met C5. (nl)
C&L Inventory
En sammensat blanding opnået fra forskellige raffinaderiprocesser. Den består af hydrogen, hydrogensulfid og carbonhydrider, overvejende C1 til og med C5. (da)
C&L Inventory
Gaasid (nafta), töötlemise heitgaaside segu (et)
C&L Inventory
gas (petrolio), miscela di raffineria (it)
C&L Inventory
gas di petrolio (it)
C&L Inventory
Gase (Erdöl), Raffinerieverschnitt (de)
C&L Inventory
Gase aus der Erdölverarbeitung (de)
C&L Inventory
Gaser (petroleum), raffinaderiblandnings- (sv)
C&L Inventory
gases (petróleo), mezcla de refinería (es)
C&L Inventory
Gases (petróleo), mistura de refinaria (pt)
C&L Inventory
gases de petróleo (es)
C&L Inventory
Gassen (aardolie), raffinage-meng- (nl)
C&L Inventory
gasser (petroleum), raffineriblandings- (no)
C&L Inventory
gasser (råolie), raffinaderi blandings- (da)
C&L Inventory
Gaz (pétrole), mélange de raffinerie;gaz de pétrole;[combinaison complexe résultant de divers procédés.Se compose d'hydrogène, d'hydrogène sulfuré et d'hydrocarbures comportant majoritairement entre 1 et 5 atomes de carbone (C1-C5).] (fr)
C&L Inventory
gaz de pétrole (fr)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (ro)
C&L Inventory
Gaz z ropy naftowej (pl)
C&L Inventory
Gaze reziduale (petrol), amestec de rafinare (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gaze reziduale (petrol), amestec de rafinare (ro)
C&L Inventory
Gás de petróleo (pt)
C&L Inventory
Gázok (nyersolaj), finomított elegy (hu)
C&L Inventory
Gāzes (nafta), rafinēšanas maisījums (lv)
C&L Inventory
Kaasut (maaöljy), jalostesekoitus (fi)
C&L Inventory
Komplex blandning från olika raffinaderiprocesser. Består av väte, svavelväte och kolväten, främst C1 till C5. (sv)
C&L Inventory
Kulbrintegasser (da)
C&L Inventory
Kőolaj gáz (hu)
C&L Inventory
Maaöljykaasu (fi)
C&L Inventory
Mieszanina gazów rafineryjnych (ropa naftowa) (pl)
C&L Inventory
Naftagaas (et)
C&L Inventory
Naftas gāze (lv)
C&L Inventory
Naftni plin (hr)
C&L Inventory
Naftos dujos (lt)
C&L Inventory
O combinaţie complexă obţinută prin diferite procese. Constă în hidrogen, hidrogen sulfurat şi hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C1 şi C5. (mt)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (nl)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (sv)
C&L Inventory
petroleumsgass (no)
C&L Inventory
plin iz predelave zemeljskega olja (sl)
C&L Inventory
plini (zemeljsko olje), zmes iz rafinerije (sl)
C&L Inventory
Plinovi (nafta), rafinerijska mješavina (hr)
C&L Inventory
plyn zo spracovania ropy (sk)
C&L Inventory
plyny (ropné), rafinačná zmes (sk)
C&L Inventory
Plyny (ropné), rafinerní směs (cs)
C&L Inventory
Ropný plyn (cs)
C&L Inventory
Ααέρια (πετρελαίου), μείγμα διυλιστηρίου (el)
C&L Inventory
Πετρελαϊκό αέριο (el)
C&L Inventory
Газове (нефт), смес от рафинерията (bg)
C&L Inventory
Нефтен газ (bg)
C&L Inventory
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend
Other
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend
Registration dossier
Gases (petroleum), refinery blend
Registration dossier
649-097-00-7
Index number
C&L Inventory
68783-07-3
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [10]
C Form
Liquified gas (88%), Not specified (13%) [8]
C Odour
Other (50%), Odourless (38%), Slight (13%) [8]
C Substance type
Petroleum product (75%), Organic (25%) [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-187.6 - -138.3 °C @ 101.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Boiling point
-161.48 - -0.5 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
0.423 - 0.589 g/cm³ @ -89 - 25 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
412.927 kPa @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.09 - 2.8 @ 20 °C and pH 7 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
24.4 - 60.4 mg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 7 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Flash point
-104 - -60 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
287 - 537 °C @ 99.8 - 102.1 kPa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
5.222 years [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 24.11 - 147.54 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 14.22 - 69.43 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 7.71 - 16.5 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 2.21 mg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 23.4 mg/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 66.4 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (15 min) 1 442.738 - 1 443 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (15 min) 800 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 1 237 mg/L air (mouse) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 520 400 - 539 600 ppm (mouse) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [3]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 7.214 - 21.394 mg/L air [4]
NOAEC (rat): 4 000 - 16 000 ppm [6]
NOAEC (mouse): 10 000 ppm [1]
LOAEC (rat): 21.641 mg/L air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 5 000 - 12 000 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant