Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: (1-hydroxyethylidene)bisphosphonic acid, potassium salt
  • IUPAC name:
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
267-956-0
CAS no.:
67953-76-8
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
8
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is harmful if swallowed.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, causes serious eye irritation and causes skin irritation.

Breakdown of all 471 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Not Classified
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Met. Corr. 1 H290
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 5 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 - 100 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: water softeners, coating products, fertilisers, washing & cleaning products, cosmetics and personal care products, air care products, polishes and waxes, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), pH regulators and water treatment products, plant protection products and water treatment chemicals.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys), leather (e.g. gloves, shoes, purses, furniture) and paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper).

This substance is used in the following products: water softeners, pH regulators and water treatment products, coating products, fertilisers, polishes and waxes, washing & cleaning products, cosmetics and personal care products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, plant protection products and water treatment chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work and agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, non-industrial spraying, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, mixing in open batch processes, roller or brushing applications, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, washing & cleaning products, water softeners, coating products, fertilisers, laboratory chemicals, leather treatment products, paper chemicals and dyes, polishes and waxes, textile treatment products and dyes and cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following products: water softeners, pH regulators and water treatment products, water treatment chemicals and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used in the following areas: mining and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, textile, leather or fur, pulp, paper and paper products, machinery and vehicles and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, industrial spraying and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures and in processing aids at industrial sites.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep only in original packaging; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. Rinse the mouth. If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Airedale Chemical Company Ltd, Skipton Road Cross Hills BD20 7BX Keighley West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Italmatch UK Ltd., Corporation Road NP19 4XF Newport South Wales - Gwent United Kingdom
  • QUIMOPROX S. L., Poligono Industrial Can Magre C/Charles Bohïgas, Nave 80 08187 SANTA EULALIA DE RONCANA (Barcelona) Spain
  • SYNTHRON, 6 rue Barbès B. P. 177 92305 LEVALLOIS-PERRET France
  • ZSCHIMMER & SCHWARZ MOHSDORF GmbH & Co KG, Chemnitztalstraße 1 09217 BURGSTÄDT Germany

Other names

  • (1-hydroxy-1-phosphonoethyl)phosphonic acid, potassium salt
  • (1-hydroxyethylidene)bisphosphonic acid, potassium salt
  • -
  • 1-hydroxyethylidene)bisphosphonic acid, potassium salt
  • Potassium etidronate
  • potassium hydrogen (1-hydroxy-1-phosphonoethyl)phosphonate
  • Potassium salts of (1-hydroxyethylidene)bisphosphonic acid (1-4K:1)
  • tetrapotassium 1,1-diphosphonatoethanol
  • (1-hydroxyethylidene)bisphosphonic acid, potassium salt
  • Aqueous Deruster
  • CUBLEN K 2222
  • Cublen K 4023

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
449.85 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-3.5 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-3.5

Water solubility

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
774 g/L @ 20 °C and pH 10.4 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
230 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Not classified based on GHS criteria (50%), GHS criteria not met (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
1.7 - 10.29 @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in freshwater
10 days @ 12 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment
10 days @ 12 °C

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in soil
10 days @ 12 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Koc
16 610 L/kg [1]
R log Koc
4.22 dimensionless [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
40 000

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 68 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 6.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 40 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 136 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 13.6 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 10 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 3.7 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 180 mg/L [1]
LC50 (4 days) 195 mg/L [1]
LC50 (72 h) 200 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 279 mg/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 310 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
195 mg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
2.18 g/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 527 - 1 770 mg/L [2]
EC50 (24 h) 871 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 400 - 3 925 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
527 mg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
1.77 g/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
6.75 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 9 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (53 days) 300 mg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 200 mg/L [1]
LOEC (54 days) 400 mg/L [1]
LOEC (30 days) 500 mg/L [1]
IC0 (30 min) 250 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
200 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
500 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 34 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.95 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.7 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.7 mg/kg bw/day acute toxicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 10 6
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 850 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 883.5 mg/kg bw
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 3 500 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 41 - 78 mg/kg bw/day [2]
LOAEL (rat): 169 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 34 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 9 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 112 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 112 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant