Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
231-842-9
CAS no.:
7758-89-6
Index number:
029-001-00-4
Molecular formula:
ClCu
SMILES:
[Cl-].[Cu+]
InChI:
InChI=1S/ClH.Cu/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
10
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and is harmful if swallowed.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, causes serious eye damage, is harmful in contact with skin, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 487 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Skin Corr. 1C H314
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
STOT RE 2 H373
Met. Corr. 1 H290
Skin Sens. 1A H317
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss
There is no overall agreement among data submitters, but a minority indicate they consider this substance as Skin sensitising (5.88% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 9 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 1 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, textile treatment products and dyes and cosmetics and personal care products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use as reactive substance and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys).

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing, formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, non-industrial spraying, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, laboratory work and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as reactive substance, outdoor use as reactive substance and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: adsorbents, metals, fertilisers, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, polymers, textile treatment products and dyes and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: adsorbents, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, metals, fertilisers, polymers, textile treatment products and dyes and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; avoid release to the environment; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Follow specific measures (see label). Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. Collect spillage. If on skin: wash with soap and water. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Follow specific treatment (see label). Rinse the mouth.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Bardyke Chemicals International Limited (002), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • ELKEM SILICONES FRANCE S.A.S., Immeuble DANICA 21, Avenue Georges Pompidou 69003 Lyon France
  • Faravelli G.m.b.H., An der Alster 62 D20099 Hamburg Germany
  • Giusto Faravelli, via medardo rosso ,8 20159 milano italy Italy
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Sun Chemical Colors & Effects GmbH, An der Rheinschanze 1 67059 Ludwigshafen Germany
  • TIB Chemicals AG, Muelheimer Str. 16-22 68219 Mannheim Germany
  • Umicore Specialty Powders France, 54 Avenue RHIN et DANUBE 38000 GRENOBLE France
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 Muenchen Germany
  • Bardyke Chemicals Ltd, Hamilton Road G72 7XJ Cambuslang Scotland United Kingdom
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium

Substance names and other identifiers

copper (I) chloride
C&L Inventory
Copper chloride
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
copper chloride
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Copper chloride (CuCl)
Other
copper chloride; copper (I) chloride; cuprous chloride
CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties
cuprous chloride
C&L Inventory
bakar(I) klorid (hr)
C&L Inventory
bakreni klorid (sl)
C&L Inventory
bakrov klorid (hr)
C&L Inventory
bakrov klorid (sl)
C&L Inventory
bakrov(I) klorid (sl)
C&L Inventory
chlorek miedzi(I) (pl)
C&L Inventory
chlorek miedziawy (pl)
C&L Inventory
chlorid meďný (sk)
C&L Inventory
chlorid měďný (cs)
C&L Inventory
chlorure de cuivre;chlorure de cuivre (I);chlorure cuivreux (fr)
C&L Inventory
cloreto de cobre (pt)
C&L Inventory
cloreto de cobre (I) (pt)
C&L Inventory
clorura cuproasa (ro)
C&L Inventory
clorura de cupru (ro)
C&L Inventory
clorura de cupru (I) (ro)
C&L Inventory
cloruro de cobre (I) (es)
C&L Inventory
cloruro di rame (it)
C&L Inventory
kobber(I)chlorid (da)
C&L Inventory
kobber(I)klorid (no)
C&L Inventory
kobberklorid (no)
C&L Inventory
koperchloride (nl)
C&L Inventory
koppar(I)klorid (sv)
C&L Inventory
kupari(I)kloridi (fi)
C&L Inventory
kuparikloridi (fi)
C&L Inventory
Kupfer (I) chlorid (de)
C&L Inventory
Kupferchlorid (de)
C&L Inventory
réz(I)-klorid (hu)
C&L Inventory
réz-klorid (hu)
C&L Inventory
vara (I) hlorīds (lv)
C&L Inventory
vara hlorīds (lv)
C&L Inventory
vario (I) chlorides (lt)
C&L Inventory
vario (II) chloridas (lt)
C&L Inventory
vario chloridas (lt)
C&L Inventory
Vask(I)kloriid (et)
C&L Inventory
vaskkloriid (et)
C&L Inventory
χλωριούχος χαλκος (el)
C&L Inventory
χλωριούχος χαλκος (Ι) (el)
C&L Inventory
купрохлорид (bg)
C&L Inventory
меден (I) хлорид (bg)
C&L Inventory
меден хлорид (bg)
C&L Inventory
Copper chloride (CuCl)
Other
chlorocopper
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
copper (1) chloride
C&L Inventory
Copper (I) chloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Copper chloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Copper Chloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Copper chloride (CuCl)
C&L Inventory
copper(1+) chloride
C&L Inventory
COPPER(I) CHLORIDE
C&L Inventory
cuprous chloride
C&L Inventory
Kupfer(I)-chlorid
C&L Inventory
lambda1-copper(1+) chloride
Other
Copper chloride
Registration dossier
Copper chloride (Cu2Cl2)
Registration dossier
Copper chloride (CuCl) (8CI, 9CI)
Registration dossier
Copper monochloride
Registration dossier
Copper(1+) chloride
Registration dossier
Copper(I) chloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Cuprous chloride
Registration dossier
Cuprous chloride (Cu2Cl2)
Registration dossier
Cuprous chloride (CuCl)
Registration dossier
Dicopper dichloride
Registration dossier
029-001-00-4
Index number
C&L Inventory
11093-68-8
CAS number
Other
11093-68-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
12258-96-7
CAS number
Other
12258-96-7
Deleted CAS number
Other
12622-24-1
CAS number
Other
12622-24-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
53906-70-0
CAS number
Other
53906-70-0
Deleted CAS number
Other
53906-71-1
CAS number
Other
53906-71-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
53906-72-2
CAS number
Other
53906-72-2
Deleted CAS number
Other
53906-73-3
CAS number
Other
53906-73-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
7758-89-6
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Powder (50%), Crystalline (25%), Other (25%) [4]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
423 - 430 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
1 490 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
4.14 g/cm³ [1]
R Relative density
4.14 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
47 mg/L @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 26 1
Weight of evidence 13 5
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 7 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 36 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 24 3
Weight of evidence 3 5
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 5.2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 230 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 87 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 676 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 65 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 65 studies submitted
  • 60 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.8 - 9 150 µg/L [347]
LC50 (48 h) 5.9 - 30.2 µg/L [11]
NOEC (4 days) 12.2 - 29.2 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 8 15 36
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 38 studies submitted
  • 28 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (11 months) 10 - 33 µg/L [7]
NOEC (10.9 months) 10.6 µg/L [3]
NOEC (9 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8.133 months) 17.4 µg/L [3]
NOEC (6.3 months) 9.5 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 5 2
Weight of evidence 18 8
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 41 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 5 - 42 µg/L [2]
EC50 (48 h) 1 - 1 213 µg/L [238]
EC50 (24 h) 12 - 23.8 µg/L [2]
LC50 (48 h) 500 - 302 000 ng/L [136]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 10 25 5
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 59 studies submitted
  • 49 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 8.3 - 13.8 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3.333 months) 11 - 19.1 µg/L [2]
NOEC (63 days) 13 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 10 µg/L [1]
NOEC (46 days) 9.9 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5 3
Weight of evidence 42 6
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 21 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (10 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (7 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 47 µg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 16.5 - 987 µg/L [86]
NOEC (19 days) 10.2 - 50.1 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 10 4 6
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 days) 30 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3.333 months) 25 µg/L [1]
IC50 (3 h) 15.1 - 23.5 mg/L [2]
NOEC (30 days) 230 - 450 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 3.818 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 3.563 - 3.8 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 5
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
230 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 30.6 - 97.4 mg/kg sediment dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 18.3 - 580.9 mg/kg sediment dw [54]
NOEC (21 days) 23.4 - 44.9 mg/kg sediment dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 4
Other 1 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 21 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (10 years) 42.3 - 105.3 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (9.8 months) 139.6 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4.833 months) 34 - 64.6 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (3.667 months) 73 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (84 days) 56 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 21
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (28 days) 55.5 - 1 390 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (21 days) 141 - 888 mg/kg soil dw [6]
NOEC (56 days) 200 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (42 days) 200 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 27.9 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [46]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 42 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4 days) 42 - 147 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (7 months) 42 - 158 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (6.533 months) 181 - 192 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (5.833 months) 78 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 9
Other 2 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.573 years) 400 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (1.479 years) 55 - 400 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (1.342 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (49 days) 118 - 468 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 25 - 2 400 mg/kg soil dw [23]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 11
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 137 mg/kg bw/day -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 82 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 26 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 336 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 224 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1.3 - 20 mg/kg bw/day [4]
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 1 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 2 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (mouse): 2 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 mg/m³ air [1]
LOEL (rat): 200 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant