Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
231-177-4
CAS no.:
7440-69-9
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Bi
SMILES:
[Bi]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Bi
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
10
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance may cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life and is a flammable solid.

Breakdown of all 304 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 18 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and manufacturing of the substance. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, electrical batteries and accumulators and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, metal surface treatment products, coating products, inks and toners and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, machinery and vehicles and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: industrial spraying, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, coating products, laboratory chemicals and polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting) and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, for thermoplastic manufacture and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, coating products, metal surface treatment products, welding & soldering products, laboratory chemicals and polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, roller or brushing applications, transfer of substance into small containers and potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), production of metal powders (hot processes) and production of metal powders (wet processes).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 5N Plus Belgium SA, rue de la station, 67 1495 Tilly Région wallonne Belgium
  • 5N Plus Lübeck GmbH, Kaninchenborn 24-28 23560 Luebeck Germany
  • ASK Chemicals Metallurgy GmbH, Fabrikstraße 6 84579 Unterneukirchen Bayern Germany
  • Aurubis AG, Hovestrasse 50 20539 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • B-Lands Consulting (811578-2), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • BASF Pigment GmbH, Carl-Bosch Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Berzelius Stolberg GmbH, Binsfeldhammer 14 52224 Stolberg Germany
  • IMR metal powder technologies GmbH, Jessenigst 4 9220 Lind ob Velden Kärnten Austria
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 13, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Jean Goldschmidt International, Place de l'Albertine 2 1000 Bruxelles Belgium
  • KGHM Polska Miedz S.A., ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 48 59-301 Lubin Poland
  • KITE METALS sarl, 13 Rue de l'Industrie 8399 Windhof Luxembourg
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Lambert Metals International Limited, Laburnum House University Close WD23 3AL Bushey Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • MacDermid Hungary Kft, Jedlik Anyos utca 2 2330 Dunaharaszti Hungary
  • Mikometals Srl Italy, Via Principe Tommaso 55 10125 Turin Italy
  • Vital MATERIALS EUROPE BVBA, Pegasuslaan 5 1830 Diegem Belgium
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • B-Lands Consulting (811514-4), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • NetSun EU B.V., Blaak 40, Fifth Floor, 3011 TA Rotterdam 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium

Substance names and other identifiers

Bismuth
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Bismut
C&L Inventory
Bismuth metal
Registration dossier
bismuth(3+)
Registration dossier
Blei Bismut Legierung
Registration dossier
Pb-Bi alloy
Registration dossier
24267-48-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
25243-76-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
7440-69-9
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [5]
C Form
Not specified (40%), Powder (40%), Other (20%) [5]
C Odour
Odourless (67%), Other (33%) [3]
C Substance type
Element (60%), Inorganic (40%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
270.4 - 271.4 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
271.4 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Boiling point
1 420 - 1 564 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
1 560 °C

Density

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Density
9.79 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
9.79

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1.873 mg/L @ 21.5 °C and pH 6 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
1.873 mg/L @ 21.5 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
303 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 6
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater -
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water -
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 17.5 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) -
Sediment (marine water) -
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil -
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning -

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
100 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 h) 300 mg/L [1]
EC10 (3 h) 175.4 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
175.4 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
1 g/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed Discriminating dose 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [3]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant