Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
231-143-9
CAS no.:
7440-33-7
Index number:
Molecular formula:
W
SMILES:
[W]
InChI:
InChI=1S/W
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
24
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is a flammable solid and is self-heating in large quantities and may catch fire.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance causes serious eye irritation and causes skin irritation.

Breakdown of all 522 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Sol. 1 H228
Self-heat. 2 H252
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 80 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products and laboratory chemicals.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use, outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, laboratory work, lubrication at high energy conditions and in partly open process, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), production of metal powders (hot processes), production of metal powders (wet processes), manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, machinery and vehicles and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, transfer of substance into small containers, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, metal surface treatment products and polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, polymers, lubricants and greases and welding & soldering products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles and chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, transfer of substance into small containers, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, production of metal powders (hot processes) and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; keep cool and protect from sunlight; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight; maintaining air gap between stacks or pallets; bulk masses greater than (given) kg/lbs at temperatures not exceeding (given) B�C/B�F; separately.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AB Sandvik Coromant, Mossvägen 10 81181 Sandviken Sweden
  • Advanced Alloy Services Ltd, Nobel Way S25 3QH Sheffield United Kingdom
  • AETC LTD (OR), Victoria Avenue Yeadon LS19 7AW Leeds West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Amalgamated Metal Corporation Plc, 55 Bishopsgate EC2N 3AH London United Kingdom
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 07, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • AVAS TRADING LTD, 6th Floor 2 Kingdom Street W2 6JP London United Kingdom
  • B-Lands Consulting (811529-0), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811536-2), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811558-0), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811717-7), 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • Buss & Buss Spezialmetalle GmbH, Sassnitzer Strasse 10 18551 Sagard Germany
  • Caledonian Alloys, c/o Special Metals Wiggin Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Carbomax AB, Saltängsvägen 7 721 32 Västerås Sweden
  • CERATUNGSTEN S.a.r.l., Zone Industrielle Haneboesch Route de Bascherage 4562 Niederkorn Luxembourg
  • Chementors Oy, Raisionkaari 55 21200 Raisio Finland
  • COMETAL, S.A., José Lázaro Galdiano 4, 4ª Planta 28036 Madrid Spain
  • CRONIMET Ferroleg. GmbH, Südbeckenstraße 22 76189 Karlsruhe Germany
  • CRONIMET Mining GmbH, Südbeckenstraße 22 76189 Karlsruhe Germany
  • CRONIMET Noble Alloys Handelsges. mbH, Sympherstr. 98 47138 Duisburg Germany
  • DCM Alloys GmbH, Stiegengasse 1 8280 Fürstenfeld Austria
  • DHI, Agern Allé 5 DK-2970 Hoersholm Denmark
  • DILON storitveno podjetje d.o.o., GERBIČEVA ULICA 98 1000 LJUBLJANA Slovenia Slovenia
  • EcoMundo (OR for SOVEREIGN International Metals & Alloys), 215, rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux France
  • Electro Optical Systems Finland Oy, Lemminkäisenkatu 36 20520 Turku Finland
  • Euromet International s.r.o., Máchova 838/18, Vinohrady 120 00 Praha 2 Czech Republic
  • EVOCHEM Advanced Materials GmbH, Heinrich-Krumm-Strasse 20 63073 Offenbach am Main Germany
  • F.I.L.M.S. S.p.A., Via Megolo, 43 28877 Anzola D'Ossola VB Italy
  • Fenimor Europe GmbH, Koenigsallee 92a 40212 Duesseldorf Deutschland Germany
  • FESIL SALES GmbH, Schifferstrasse 196 D-47059 Duisburg Germany
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • GfE-MIR GmbH, Berliner Allee 51-53 D-40212 Düsseldorf Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • Global Tungsten & Powders spol. s r.o., Zahradni 46 79201 Bruntal Czech Republic
  • Grondmet GmbH & Co. KG, Luegallee 79 40545 Düsseldorf Germany
  • H.C. Starck Smelting GmbH & Co. KG, Im Schleeke 78 -91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • H.C.Starck GmbH (saca015), Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • Hempel Metallurgical GmbH, Klaus-Bungert-Straße 5a 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Germany
  • Höganäs Belgium SA, Ruelle Gros Pierre 10 B-7800 Ath Belgium
  • Höganäs Germany GmbH, Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • ICD EUROPE LTD., Units 7 - 11 Vantage Park Coborn Avenue S9 1DA Sheffield United Kingdom
  • Industrie-Rohstoffe GmbH, Beckmannsbusch 88 45133 Essen Germany
  • INTERMETAL COMPAGNIE DES METAUX AG, Pflugstrasse 7 9490 Vaduz Liechtenstein
  • Kennametal Produktions GmbH & Co. KG, Wehlauer Str. 73 90766 Fürth Germany
  • Kurt J. Lesker Company Ltd, 15/16 Burgess Road TN35 4NR Hastings East Sussex United Kingdom
  • LECO EUROPE BV, VOUERSWEG 118 6161 AG GELEEN Netherlands
  • Lipmann Walton & Co Ltd, Palace Gate House, Palace Gate, Hampton Court Road, KT8 9BN East Molesey Surrey United Kingdom
  • M.P. Diffusion sprl, Rue de Waremme, 126 4520 Villers-le-Bouillet Belgium
  • Metherma KG, Arnheimer Strasse 109 40489 Düsseldorf Germany
  • METRACO NV, Spinnerijkaai 45 / 203 8500 Kortrijk Belgium
  • Nordmet Invest OÜ, Tartu mnt 10 10145 Tallinn Estonia
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Spreestrasse 2 65451 Kelsterbach Hessen Germany
  • Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Im Vorwerk 25 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • ORIC SAS, 40 rue Claude Genin BP 2302 38033 Grenoble France France
  • OSRAM GmbH, Marcel-Breuer-Str. 6 80807 München Germany
  • PLANSEE Composite Materials GmbH, Siebenbuergerstr. 23 D-86983 Lechbruck Germany
  • PLANSEE SE, Metallwerk-Plansee-Str. 71 A-6600 Reutte Tyrol Austria
  • Praxair Surface Technologies GmbH, Am Muehlbach 13 87487 Wiggensbach Germany
  • Scandinavian Steel AB, Birger Jarlsgatan 15 111 45 Stockholm Sweden
  • SCMG Europe GmbH, Amselweg 3 38667 Bad Harzburg Germany
  • Seco Tools AB, Björnbacksvägen 2 SE-73782 FAGERSTA Sweden
  • Services Techniques Schlumberger_OR 41, 1, Cours du Triangle 92936 La Défense France
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR HAC), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR WASA), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford Herefordshire United Kingdom
  • Specialty Metals Resources SA, Rue Tenbosch 42 A B 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • thyssenkrupp Materials Trading, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • Tribotecc GmbH, Industriestrasse 23 A-9601 Arnoldstein Austria
  • Tungsram Operations Kft, Váci út 77 1044 Budapest Hungary
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstraße 199 80686 Munich Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • Umicore Specialty Powders France, 54 Avenue RHIN et DANUBE 38000 GRENOBLE France
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • VDM Metals International GmbH, Plettenberger Str. 2 58791 Werdohl Germany
  • Wegliki Spiekane BAILDONIT Sp. z o.o., Bracka 28 40-858 Katowice Poland
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • Wolfram Bergbau und Hütten AG, Bergla 33 8543 St. Martin i. S. Austria
  • SAXONIA Technical Materials GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Tungsten
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Tungsten (W)
Registration dossier
tungsten in alloys
Registration dossier
tungsten metal
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Tungsten metal and tungsten in alloys
Registration dossier
Tungsten Metal, Wolfram
Registration dossier
tungsten powder
C&L Inventory
tungsten(2+)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Tungsten, Tungstène, Wolfram
Registration dossier
Tungsten, Wolfram
Registration dossier
CUTTER, JET
Registration dossier
EOS Tungsten W1
Registration dossier
Ferro Tungsten
Registration dossier
Ferro Wolfram
Registration dossier
FeW - Ferro Tungsten
Registration dossier
POWER CUTTER
Registration dossier
POWER SPIRAL ENERJET
Registration dossier
POWERJET
Registration dossier
POWERJET NOVA
Registration dossier
POWERJET OMEGA
Registration dossier
POWERJET OX
Registration dossier
TUBING CUTTER
Registration dossier
tungsten metal powder
Registration dossier
Tungstencarbide
Registration dossier
Wolfram
Registration dossier
37374-90-6
Deleted CAS number
Other
7440-33-7
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [4]
C Form
Other (100%) [4]
C Substance type
Element (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
3 390 - 3 423 °C @ 101.3 kPa [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
3 423 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Boiling point
5 555 - 5 700 °C @ 101.3 kPa [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
5 700 °C

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Density
19.25 - 19.35 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
19.35

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0 - 0.4 Pa @ 1 700 - 3 000 °C [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 3 000 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
16.509 mg/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
100 - 310 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
310 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
0.29 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10 2 2
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
0.152

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
0

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 338 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 310 µg/L (2)
Marine water 33.8 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 5.86 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 960 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 96 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 2.17 mg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 11 mg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 181 - 200 mg/L [4]
NOEC (4 days) 181 - 200 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
106 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (38 days) 9.8 - 10 mg/L [4]
LOEC (38 days) 10 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
5.74 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 163 mg/L [2]
EC50 (24 h) 163 mg/L [2]
NOEC (48 h) 90.8 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
96 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 44.2 - 100 mg/L [12]
LOEC (21 days) 85.1 - 100 mg/L [12]
EC50 (21 days) 78.7 - 100 mg/L [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
26 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 7.35 - 54.1 mg/L [8]
NOEC (72 h) 812 - 10 900 µg/L [6]
EC10 (72 h) 950 - 10 900 µg/L [6]
EC20 (72 h) 2.02 - 13.8 mg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
31 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
3.38 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for marine water algae
476 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 1 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
586 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (56 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (56 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 37 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [6]
EC50 (21 days) 534 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [8]
EC25 (21 days) 93.9 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [14]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Short-term EC50 / LC50
22 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Short-term EC50
586 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Short-term EC50 / LC50
3.07 g/kg food
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
1.21 g/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5.8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.7 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.7 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 480 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 480 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 7 2 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5.4 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 75 - 200 mg/kg bw/day [3]
NOAEL (rat): 500 mg/L drinking water [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 500 mg/L drinking water [1]
LOAEL (rat): 125 - 200 mg/kg bw/day [6]
LOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/L drinking water [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 652 mg/m³ air [1]
NOAEC (rat): 652 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed BMDL10 102 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 650 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1 2
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 125 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 125 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 125 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 132.11 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, mouse)

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant