Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

No image available
  • EC / List name: Nickel
  • IUPAC name: nickel
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-111-4
CAS no.:
7440-02-0
Index number:
028-002-00-7; 028-002-01-4
Molecular formula:
Ni
SMILES:
[Ni]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Ni
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
118
Of which contain:
31 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, may cause cancer, is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is toxic to aquatic life, is suspected of causing cancer, is suspected of causing genetic defects, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

This substance is covered by several Harmonised Classifications and Labelling's (CLH) entries approved by the European Union. Differentiating between the different CLH's entries requires manual verification. To know more about the CLH please visit the C&L Inventory.

Breakdown of all 3694 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Sens. 1 H317
STOT RE 1 H372
Carc. 2 H351
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Carc. 1A H350
Carc. 1B H350
Resp. Sens. 1 H334
Aquatic Acute 2 H401
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Muta. 2 H341
Skin Sens. 1A H317
STOT RE 2 H372
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Aquatic Chronic 1 H412
Not Classified
https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C*
  • Ss
  • Sr*

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 192 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: metals.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: electrical batteries and accumulators and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: metals.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products and fertilisers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), transfer of chemicals, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, welding & soldering products and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, chemicals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • A.M.P.E.R.E. ALLOYS, 12 Mail Joliot Curie 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • Acciai Speciali Terni S.p.A., via Benedetto Brin, 218 05100 Terni Italy
  • Advanced Alloy Services Ltd, Nobel Way S25 3QH Sheffield United Kingdom
  • AETC LTD (OR), Victoria Avenue Yeadon LS19 7AW Leeds West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • AFARAK TRADING LIMITED, 2nd floor Europa Centre John Lopez Street FRN 1400 Floriana Malta Malta
  • AFT-HUNGARY Kft, Ipari Park 5 2651 Rétság Hungary
  • Allied Metals Corporation C/O EFP Allied Metals GmbH, Bolkerstr. 69 40213 Düsseldorf Nordrhein Westfalen Germany
  • Amalgamated Metal Corporation Plc, 55 Bishopsgate EC2N 3AH London United Kingdom
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 07, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 08, The Black Church St Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Arcam AB, Krokslätts Fabriker 27A 431 37 Mölndal Sweden
  • ASK Chemicals Metallurgy GmbH, Fabrikstraße 6 84579 Unterneukirchen Bayern Germany
  • ATI Allvac Ltd., Cyclops Works President Way S4 7UR Sheffield South yorkshire United Kingdom
  • AVIO POLSKA SP. Z O.O., Ul. Grażyńskiego 141 43-300 Bielsko-Biała Poland
  • AXENS SA, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • BHP Minerals Europe Ltd - OR for NIW, Nova South 160 Victoria Street SW1E 5LB London United Kingdom
  • Buss & Buss Spezialmetalle GmbH, Sassnitzer Strasse 10 18551 Sagard Germany
  • C&M Technologies GmbH, Am Bahnhof 10+26 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • CBMM Europe BV, Zuidplein 96 1077 XV Amsterdam Netherlands
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemieservice Dr. Stoeber (N), Kefersteinstrasse 6 D-06110 Halle Germany
  • Chemservice GmbH - (K9L4), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Chemservice GmbH - (T6A1), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Clariant Plastics & Coatings (Deutschland) GmbH, Brüningstrasse 50 65929 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Cogne Acciai Speciali S.p.A., Via Paravera 16 11100 Aosta Valle D'Aosta Italy
  • Concept Laser GmbH, An der Zeil 8 96215 Lichtenfels Germany
  • Concord Resources Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • CRONIMET Ferroleg. GmbH, Südbeckenstraße 22 76189 Karlsruhe Germany
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 2M-4, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE11NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Dalmine SpA, Piazza Caduti 6 luglio 1944, n.1 24044 Dalmine BG Italy
  • DEUMU Deutsche Erz- und Metall-Union GmbH, Gerhard-Lucas-Meyer-Str. 3-5 31226 Peine Germany
  • DHI (OR17), Agern Allé 5 2970 Horsholm Denmark
  • Dipl.Ing. Herwig GmbH, Eppenhauser Str. 151 58093 Hagen Germany
  • Dubal EU Imports s.r.l., Vialle F. Caprilli 13 20148 Milan Italy
  • DURUM Verschleiß-Schutz GmbH, Carl-Friedrich-Benz-Strasse 7 47877 Willich Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • ECO-RIGEN S.R.L., Contrada Piana del Signore c/o Gela Refinery 93012 Gela Italy
  • Electro Optical Systems Finland Oy, Lemminkäisenkatu 36 20520 Turku Finland
  • Elga AB, Järntrådsvägen 2 43325 Partille Sweden
  • ERAMET SA, 33 avenue du Maine 75755 Paris France
  • ERM_GmbH_OR4_CMSA, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Hessen Germany
  • Ervin Germany GmbH, Auf dem Bruch 11 45549 Sprockhoevel NRW Germany
  • EURECAT FRANCE SAS, 121 ave Marie Curie ZI Jean Jaurès 07800 La Voulte sur Rhône France
  • EVOCHEM Advanced Materials GmbH, Heinrich-Krumm-Strasse 20 63073 Offenbach am Main Germany
  • Evonik Degussa GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1 - 11 C-ES 45128 Essen North Rhine-Westfalia Germany
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH DH 04, Rellinghauser Str. 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Forgital Italy S.p.A., Via Spezzapria 1 36010 Seghe di Velo d'Astico VI Italy
  • G.M.M. SA LARCO, 27 Fragkokklisias Str. 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • GE Aviation Hungary Korlátolt Felelősségű Társaság, Lévai 33 2112 Veresegyház Hungary
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • GE Hungary Ipari és Kereskedelmi Korlátolt Felelősségű Társaság, Váci út 77 1044 Budapest Hungary
  • GfE Metalle und Materialien GmbH, Hoefener Str. 45 90431 Nuernberg Bavaria Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore Nikkelverk AS, Vesterveien 31 4606 Kristiansand Norway
  • Global Tungsten & Powders spol. s r.o., Zahradni 46 79201 Bruntal Czech Republic
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • H.C. Starck Smelting GmbH & Co. KG, Im Schleeke 78 -91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • Haynes International Ltd-OR, Parkhouse Street Openshaw M11 2ER MANCHESTER United Kingdom
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A., 8Α Chimarras st. GR 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • HH Compliance Ltd, Rubicon Building CIT Campus T12 Y275 Bishopstown Cork Ireland
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown None Cork Ireland
  • Hitachi Metals Europe GmbH, Immermannstrasse 14-16 40210 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Hoeganaes Corporation Europe S.A., 33 Urziceni Street 120226 Buzau Buzau Romania
  • HOESCH Metals and Alloys, Neue Strasse 21 52332 Niederzier Germany
  • Honeywell Aerospace Olomouc, s.r.o., Nádražní 400 783 65 Hlubočky - Mariánské Údolí Czech Republic
  • Hydro Aluminium Rolled Products GmbH, Aluminiumstrasse 1 41415 Grevenbroich Germany
  • Hyperion Materials & Technologies, 625 route de la gare 26210 Epinouze France
  • Hyperion Materials & Technologies (France) S.A.S., 625 route de la gare FR-26210 Epinouze France
  • Hyperion Materials & Technologies (OR), 625 route de la gare FR-26210 Epinouze France
  • Höganäs Belgium SA, Ruelle Gros Pierre 10 B-7800 Ath Belgium
  • Höganäs Sweden AB, Bruksgatan 26383 Höganäs Sweden
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZI ECOPARC II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • INVISTA Textiles (U.K.) Limited, One St Peter´s Square M2 3DE Manchester United Kingdom
  • IR TRADING, VIA ARCENE 2/A 24040 PONTIROLO NUOVO BERGAMO Italy
  • JKL (Wakefield) Ltd, Embassy Works, Church Street, WF5 9DG, OSSETT, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Johnson Matthey Incorporated, Johnson Matthey PLC 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • Johnson Matthey PLC, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • Kobelco Welding of Europe B.V., Eisterweg 8 6422 PN Heerlen Netherlands
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Liberty Commodities Ltd, 7 Hertford Street W1J 7RH London United Kingdom
  • LINCOLN ELECTRIC ITALIA S.r.l., Via Fratelli Canepa, 8 16010 Serra Riccò GE Italy
  • Lincoln Smitweld bv, Nieuwe Dukenburgseweg 20 6534 AD Nijmegen Netherlands Netherlands
  • Lipmann Walton & Co Ltd, Palace Gate House, Palace Gate, Hampton Court Road, KT8 9BN East Molesey Surrey United Kingdom
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR5), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4004 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg
  • M.P.I. Magneti Permanenti Industriali Srl, Via G. B. Vico, 25/b 20010 Cornaredo (MI) Italy
  • MBR Metals, Moisa 4 13522 Tallinn Estonia
  • METAL TRADING UK LIMITED, Suite 128B, Business Design Centre, 52 Upper Street, N1 0QH London United Kingdom
  • Metalleghe S.p.A., E. Fermi 12-14 25020 Flero Brescia Italy
  • Metallium Verwaltungsgesellschaft mbH, Schwarzmühlenstraße 102 45884 Gelsenkirchen Germany
  • Metallum Metal Trading GmbH, Alter Hellweg 33 D-44379 Dortmund Germany
  • MINERALS & METALS ITALIA SPA, via Leopardi n. 26 24060 ROGNO BERGAMO Italy
  • Mitsui & Co. Europe PLC London Branch, 1 St Martin's Le Grand EC1A 4AS London United Kingdom
  • Mitsui & Co. Europe Plc, Paris Branch., 112 Avenue Kleber 75116 Paris France
  • Nexa Resources S.A., Avenue JF Kennedy 37A 1855 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Nickel and Co s.p.a., Via Larga, 8 20122 Milano MI Italy
  • Nilar AB, Bönavägen 55 80647 Gävle Sweden
  • Nizi International S.A., 89E, rue Pafebruch 8308 Capellen Luxembourg
  • Nordmet Invest OÜ, Tartu mnt 10 10145 Tallinn Estonia
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy, Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy (POLAR), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy(KOLA), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • NOVAPEX, 21 chemin de la Sauvegarde « 21 Ecully Parc » CS 33167 69134 ECULLY Cedex France
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Spreestrasse 2 65451 Kelsterbach Hessen Germany
  • Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Im Vorwerk 25 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • Oriel Resources Limited, 1 Red Place W1K6PL London United Kingdom
  • Oryx Stainless BV, 's Gravendeelsedijk 175 3316 AS Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Outokumpu Nirosta GmbH, Oberschlesienstr. 16 47807 Krefeld Germany
  • PCC France, ZI de PEYREHITTE BP11 64680 OGEU-LES-BAINS France
  • Possehl Electronics Nederland BV, De Beverspijken 3 5221EE 's-Hertogenbosch Noord Brabant Netherlands
  • Praxair Surface Technologies GmbH, Am Muehlbach 13 87487 Wiggensbach Germany
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude 32a 81541 München Germany
  • Raznoimport (UK) Limited, 24 floor, 110 Bishopsgate London EC2N 4AY CITY OF LONDON London United Kingdom
  • REACH Advice GmbH 4, Dechant-Wolfgarten-Str.7 53925 Kall Germany
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 02600 Espoo Finland
  • RHODIA OPERATIONS, 40 rue de la Haie Coq 93306 AUBERVILLIERS France
  • Rio Tinto Iron and Titanium GmbH (2), Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • RMM Metallhandel GmbH, Solinger Strasse 16 45481 Mülheim an der Ruhr NRW Germany
  • SAFT SAS, 26 Quai Charles Pasqua 92300 LEVALLOIS-PERRET France
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Scholz Recycling GmbH, Berndt-Ulrich-Scholz-Str.1 73457 Essingen Germany
  • Servipcom Calpe SL, Ptda. Les Basetes 16D 2 E-03710 Alicante Spain
  • Servipcom Calpe SL, Ptda. Les Basetes 16D E-03710 Alicante Spain
  • Shell Catalyst & Technologies Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • Sidermetal spa, Via Europa 50 25040 Camignone di Passirano (BS) Italy
  • Silca SpA, via Podgora 20 31029 Vittorio Veneto (TV) Italy
  • Sindlhauser Materials GmbH, Daimlerstraße 68 87437 Kempten Germany
  • SINECO SPA, VIA TRIESTE 5 19020 FOLLO Italy
  • Sineco spa, Via Trieste 5 19020 Follo (La Spezia) Liguria Italy
  • Société Nouvelle d'Affinage des Métaux, Avenue Jean Jaurès 12110 Viviez France
  • Sojitz Europe PLC, Schirmerstrasse 76 40211 Dusseldorf Germany
  • Sovitec Belgium SA - OR1, Avenue du Marquis 4 6220 Fleurus Belgium
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR HAC), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR SMC), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR WASA), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford Herefordshire United Kingdom
  • Stratton Metal Resources Ltd, 31-32 Eastcastle St W1W 8DN London United Kingdom
  • Sumitomo Deutschland GmbH, Georg-Glock-Str. 8 40474 Düsseldorf Germany
  • T.RAD Czech s.r.o., Lidická 1044 273 51 Unhošť Czech Republic
  • Tetra Tech International, Inc., Fuchsstrasse 1 67688 Rodenbach Germany
  • thyssenkrupp Raw Materials, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • Toyota Tsusho Europe S.A., Belgicastraat 13 1930 Zaventem Belgium
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • TROPAG Oscar H. Ritter Nachf. GmbH, Bundesstrasse 4 20146 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Turbine Surface Technologies Limited, Rolls-Royce plc Moor Lane DE24 8BJ Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • UMCO GmbH, Georg-Wilhelm-Straße 187 21107 Hamburg Germany
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Umicore Specialty Powders France, 54 Avenue RHIN et DANUBE 38000 GRENOBLE France
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • Unicat Catalyst Technologies, Dr van Peltlaan 13 1861KA Bergen Netherlands
  • UOP B.V.B.A., Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • VACUUMSCHMELZE GmbH & Co. KG, Grüner Weg 37 D-63450 Hanau Germany
  • Vale Europe Limited, Acton Refinery Bashley Road NW10 6SN London GB United Kingdom
  • VARTA Microbattery GmbH, Daimlerstrasse 1 73479 Ellwangen (Jagst) Germany
  • VDM Metals International GmbH, Plettenberger Str. 2 58791 Werdohl Germany
  • Votorantim GmbH, Hubert Sattler Gasse 1, Suite 42 5020 Salzburg Austria Austria
  • Westbrook Resources Ltd, Wreakes Lane Dronfield S18 1LY SHEFFIELD YORKSHIRE United Kingdom
  • WeylChem Lamotte S.A.S, Rue du Flottage B.P. 1 60350 Trosly Breuil France
  • Wieland-Werke AG, Graf-Arco-Strasse 36 89079 Ulm Germany
  • Wilhelm Grillo Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Am Grillopark 5 47169 Duisburg Germany
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • WSP UK Ltd (OR2), The Victoria 150-182 The Quays M50 3SP Salford Graeter Manchester United Kingdom
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • BHP Billiton Marketing B.V., Verheeskade 25 2521 BE Den Haag Netherlands
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • CRONIMET Base Metals GmbH, Südbeckenstr. 22 76189 Karlsruhe Germany
  • Metallo Belgium NV, Nieuwe Dreef 33 B-2340 Beerse Antwerp Belgium
  • Montanmetall GmbH, Bruchstr.28 49324 Melle Germany
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • SAXONIA Technical Materials GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau Germany
  • Vale Taiwan Limited, Acton Refinery Bashley Road NW10 6SN London GB United Kingdom

Other names

  • -
  • CAS 7440-02-0
  • DAP Nickel Powder
  • FerroNickel, FENI, NIFE
  • Impala Nickel Briquettes
  • Ni
  • Ni metal
  • niccol
  • nichel
  • NICKEL
  • Nickel (2+)
  • nickel (particle diameter > 1 mm)
  • nickel , Ni(0)
  • Nickel and FerroNickel
  • Nickel catalyst
  • Nickel Cathode
  • nickel dihydride
  • Nickel Flake HCA-1
  • nickel in alloy
  • Nickel in Alloys
  • Nickel in ferronickel
  • Nickel in ferronickel alloy, in pellets or more massive form
  • NICKEL METAL
  • Nickel metal (in alloy)
  • Nickel Powder
  • Nickel powder bulk
  • Nickel powders
  • nickel(2+)
  • Nickel, metal
  • nickel-
  • Nickel_R_JS_dossier
  • nikl
  • Reaction mass of 7429-90-5 and 7440-50-8
  • Reaction mass of 7439-89-6 and 7440-47-3
  • Reaction mass of 7439-98-7 and 7440-48-4
  • Reaction mass of 7440-48-4 and 7723-14-0
  • Skeletal Nickel Catalyst slurry in Water [Active catalyst for Hydrogenation]
  • trade name Sherritt Nickel
  • [particle diameter < 1 mm]
  • Nickel
  • nickel powder
  • [particle diameter < 1 mm]
  • 2nd grade nickel briquettes, containing nickel powder
  • 3rd party Nickel nickel metal
  • actimet
  • Alcan 123
  • Alcan 756
  • Alloy No. 1 (M)
  • Alloy No. 1 L/C
  • Alloy No. 1 Plain
  • BCL Empress Nickel Cathode
  • BHP Billiton FerroNickel
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Briquettes
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Chips
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Powder
  • BHP Billiton Steel Making Briquettes
  • C.I. 77775
  • C.I. 77775 (INCI)
  • Carbonyl Nickel 287
  • Celmet
  • Chem Mag 3 CQ
  • Coarse Discharge
  • Conc. 1
  • Conductive Nickel Flake Type HCA-1
  • DAP Nickel Powder
  • DAP Nickel Pulver
  • DER
  • DNI 20
  • E 12
  • E 12 (metal)
  • Electrodag 440
  • Electrodag 442
  • Electrodag 550
  • Electrolytic nickel
  • Elektrodag 439
  • FeNi Granules
  • FeNi HiS Recovery
  • FeNi Minishots
  • FeNi Off-spec costrillas
  • FeNi Off-spec Unclean
  • Fenimag Plain
  • Ferro Nickel Alloy
  • FerroNickel
  • Ferronickel alloy
  • Ferronickel fines
  • Ferronickel granules
  • Fibrex
  • Fibrex (metal fiber)
  • Fibrex P
  • FM 1208
  • Fukuda 287
  • HCA 1
  • Hega Alloy Nickel
  • Hega Legierung Nickel
  • Impala Nickel Briquettes
  • Intermediate Nickel Containing Product
  • Katalysator BK 113
  • Katalysator BK 113 W
  • LME Deliverable Nickel Metal
  • Melt rounds
  • Melting Base Nickel
  • N 1
  • Name in MSDS: Poudre Nickel Fer C I; Poudre Nickel Fer C II; Poudre Nickel Fer C I; Poudre Nickel Fer C II; Solide Nickel Fer BT C I; Solide Nickel Fer BT C II; Solide Nickel Fer BT C III; Solide Nickel Fer C I; Solide Nickel Fer C II; Solide Nickel Fer cylindrique C; Solide Nickel Fer plaque C
  • NDHT 90
  • Ni 0901S
  • Ni 4303T
  • Ni Briquettes
  • Ni Cathodes, H1Y or H1 or H2, full-plate
  • Ni Cathodes, H1Y or H1, cut
  • Ni Pellets
  • Ni-0104 P
  • Ni-Element
  • Ni-Metal and dust, fine particles
  • Ni-Metal powder
  • Nical
  • Nickel
  • Nickel - Solid material
  • Nickel 1x1
  • Nickel 4x4
  • Nickel 90x90
  • Nickel Alloy Scraps
  • Nickel Briquettes
  • Nickel Cathodes
  • Nickel Chips
  • Nickel Crowns
  • Nickel Discs
  • Nickel element
  • Nickel Fine Leafing Grade Flake
  • Nickel Fine Leafing Grade Flake - Pigment Grade
  • Nickel Fine Water Grade Flake
  • Nickel Flake Type CHT
  • Nickel Flats
  • Nickel Granules
  • Nickel HP
  • Nickel jumbos
  • Nickel Lumpy
  • Nickel Melt Rounds
  • nickel metal
  • Nickel metal powder
  • Nickel Oxide Sinter
  • Nickel Pellet
  • Nickel Pellets
  • Nickel Pellets DNK
  • Nickel Pellets DNK-0
  • Nickel Pellets DNK-1
  • Nickel plating
  • Nickel Plating Rounds
  • Nickel Powder
  • Nickel Powder L5
  • Nickel Powder L6
  • Nickel Powder L7
  • Nickel Powder L8
  • Nickel Powder S-10
  • Nickel Powder S-20
  • Nickel Powder S-27
  • Nickel Powder S-30
  • Nickel Powder UT1
  • Nickel Powder UT2
  • Nickel Powder UT3
  • Nickel Powder UT3-ICG
  • Nickel Powder UT3-PM
  • Nickel Powder UT4
  • Nickel powder, foil, mesh, pellets
  • Nickel Rounds
  • Nickel scrap
  • Nickel Sinter
  • Nickel stripes
  • Nickel ultrafine powder
  • Nickel West Briquettes
  • Nickel West Powder
  • Nickel West Steel Making Briquettes
  • Nickel, metal and dust, fine particles
  • Nickelmetall
  • Nickelpulver
  • Nikkel es Vegyületei (Ni-re szamitva)
  • Nikko 255
  • NKW Briquettes
  • NKW Powder
  • NKW Steel Making Briquettes
  • Norils Combine H-2
  • Norilsk Combine H-1
  • Norilsk Combine H-1Y
  • Norilsk Combine H-3
  • Norilsk Prime (K)
  • Norilsk Prime (N)
  • Norilsk Standard (K)
  • Norilsk Standard (N)
  • Novamet 4SP
  • Novamet Nickel Flake HCA 1; 99% Active Matter; active substance
  • NP 2
  • Nysel (Ni-3201 F)
  • Nysel CN-14 (Ni-3611 L)
  • Nysel HK-12 (Ni-5708 L)
  • Nysel HK-4 (Ni-3609 F)
  • Nysel SP-7 (Ni-5169F)
  • Plating rounds
  • Primary Nickel
  • Pure Nickel
  • Raney
  • Raney alloy
  • Raney nickel
  • Reaction Mass Containing Nickel
  • Reduced Sinter
  • Second Grade Nickel Powder
  • See section 3.4 for tradenames on the mixture
  • Severonickel Combine H-1
  • Severonickel Combine H-1Y
  • Severonickel Combine H-2
  • Severonickel Combine H-3
  • Severonickel Combine H-4
  • SF 300
  • SLN 25
  • SS 24049
  • SS 24519
  • SS 24656
  • substance only available in mixtures
  • The substance is placed on the market as a part of the chemical matrix of an inorganic catalyst (i.e. regarded as a mixture according to "Guidance for Identification and Naming of Substance under REACH and CLP", Feb 2014). Therefore trade name for the substance does not exist
  • Tonimet 97 Granules
  • Tonimet Briquette
  • Tonimet Granules
  • Trimag
  • Trimag (metal)
  • Utility Nickel

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 455 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
8.9 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0 ng/L @ 0 °C and pH 0 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 135 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 45 1
Supporting study 51 1
Weight of evidence
Other 27 10
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 26 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 19 7 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.1 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 0 ng/L (1)
Marine water 8.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 0 ng/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 330 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 29.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 120 µg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 125 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 15.3 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 61 2
Weight of evidence
Other 9 52
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 30 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (32 days) 35 - 431 000 µg/L [11]
NOEC (30 days) 108.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 days) 40 - 80 µg/L [2]
LOEC (32 days) 35 - 3 730 µg/L [11]
LOEC (30 days) 433.5 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 6 1
Weight of evidence
Other 10 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 13 - 276 µg/L [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 75 12
Weight of evidence
Other 24 45
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 83 studies submitted
  • 24 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4.233 months) 713 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 40 - 120 µg/L [2]
NOEC (42 days) 40 µg/L [2]
NOEC (36 days) 61 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 21 4
Supporting study 35
Weight of evidence
Other 17 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 86 studies submitted
  • 16 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 40.7 - 1 430 µg/L [26]
IC50 (48 h) 456 - 4 400 µg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 3.5 - 5 476.8 µg/L [26]
NOEC (48 h) 10 - 110.5 µg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 6.2 - 11 551.3 µg/L [26]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5 11
Supporting study 22 2
Weight of evidence
Other 19 27
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 30 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 87 - 1 377 µg/L [6]
EC10 (7 days) 3.9 - 435.3 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other 2 19
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 59 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 33 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 19
Weight of evidence
Other 3 36
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 25 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4 days) 900 µg/L [1]
LOEC (4 days) 1.8 mg/L [1]
EC10 (56 days) 762 - 1 625 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
EC10 (49 days) 210 - 339 mg/kg sediment dw [3]
EC10 (42 days) 160 - 3 307 mg/kg sediment dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 17
Other 11 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 39 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 20 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 700 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 180 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]
LOEC (42 days) 320 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 300 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 10 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 13 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 36.4 - 1 140 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (28 days) 560 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC50 (28 days) 476 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (8.167 months) 8 351 mg/kg diet [1]
LC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 7 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 224 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (63 days) 29 - 355 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (56 days) 17 - 69 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (40 days) 67 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (30 days) 13 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 41
Weight of evidence
Other 75 94
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 37 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8.975 years) 86 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.381 years) 59 - 94 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 41 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (7 days) 30 - 770 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (1.573 years) 295 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 5 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 11.9 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 35 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 800 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 35 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 370 µg/kg bw/day acute toxicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 9 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LOAEC (rat): 100 - 4 000 µg/m³ air [3]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 4 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other 11 1 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1 1 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 2
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant