Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
203-743-0
CAS no.:
110-17-8
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C4H4O4
SMILES:
OC(=O)\C=C\C(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/C4H4O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)/b2-1+
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
18
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance causes serious eye irritation.

Breakdown of all 3385 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2A H319
STOT SE 3 H335
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 34 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, coating products, inks and toners, laboratory chemicals and cosmetics and personal care products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), for thermoplastic manufacture, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and in the production of articles.

This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, adhesives and sealants, plant protection products, inks and toners and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development, building & construction work and agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles, furniture and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work, mixing in open batch processes, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, plant protection products, polishes and waxes, cosmetics and personal care products, adhesives and sealants, coating products and inks and toners.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, adhesives and sealants, coating products, inks and toners and pharmaceuticals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, mixing in open batch processes and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), for thermoplastic manufacture and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), for thermoplastic manufacture and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Access Business Group International BV, Celsiusweg 20 Industrial Estate 4212 5928 PR Venlo Netherlands
  • AJINOMOTO FOODS EUROPE S.A.S., 48, rue de Nesle 80190 MESNIL SAINT NICAISE France
  • Ashland Services BV (0311), Noordweg 9 3336 LH Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • Biesterfeld Spezialchemie GmbH, Ferdinandstr. 41 20095 Hamburg Germany
  • Chemical Regulatory Services Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • Chemical Solutions Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • Chemservice S.A. (4T8L), 13, Fausermillen 6689 Mertert Luxembourg
  • Clariant SE - MX02, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • ESIM Chemicals GmbH, St.-Peter-Strasse 25 4020 Linz Austria
  • Haupt Chemicals Trading GmbH, Lerchenfelder Gürtel 43/6/2 1160 Vienna Austria
  • Kao Chemicals Europe, S.L. (10), Puig dels Tudons, 10 08210 Barbera del Valles Barcelona Spain
  • Kao Chemicals Europe, S.L. (2), Puig dels Tudons, 10 08210 Barbera del Valles Barcelona Spain
  • Klaus F. Meyer GmbH, Leiblstraße 3 67136 Fussgoenheim Germany
  • Knoell NL_OR_074, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 01, Chaussee De Wavre, 1945 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol France SAS, 25 Quai de France 76100 ROUEN France
  • Lukem d.o.o., TIRANOVA ULICA 38, 1000 LJUBLJANA, SLOVENIA 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia
  • MHM Holding GmbH, Feldkirchener Straße 15 D-85551 Kirchheim Germany
  • Mitsubishi Chemical Europe GmbH, Willstätter Strasse 30 40549 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Nouryon Surface Chemistry AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - S-44485 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • Penetron Hellas S.A., 50 Thrakomakedonon Av. 13679 Acharnes Attiki Greece
  • Penpet Petrochemical Trading GmbH, Merkurring 105 22143 Hamburg Germany
  • Pliva Hrvatska doo, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 25 10000 Zagreb Croatia
  • POLYNT S.p.A., via Enrico Fermi, 51 I-24020 Scanzorosciate BG Italy
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • SIPCAM OXON SPA, Via Sempione, 195 20016 Pero Milano Italy
  • Sun Chemical B.V., Leeuwenveldseweg 3-t 1382 LV Weesp Netherlands
  • Tate&Lyle slovakia s.r.o.-5, Boleráz 114 91908 Boleráz 114 Portugal
  • TCL GLOBAL BV as ONLY REPRESENTATIVE OF THIRUMALAI CHEMICALS LIMITED, Saturnusstraat 46-62 2132 HB Hoofddorp Netherlands
  • Xerox (Europe) Limited, Ballycoolin Business Park Blanchardstown Dublin 15 Dublin Ireland
  • Xerox Manufacturing (Nederland) BV, Maasheseweg 89-91 5804 AB Venray Limburg Netherlands
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 62, 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • OQEMA Contract GmbH, OR1, Nauheimer Strasse 37 70372 Stuttgart Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Fumaric acid
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes
acid fumaric (ro)
C&L Inventory
acide fumarique (fr)
C&L Inventory
acido fumarico (it)
C&L Inventory
Fumaarhape (et)
C&L Inventory
Fumaarihappo (fi)
C&L Inventory
fumaarzuur (nl)
C&L Inventory
fumarna kiselina (hr)
C&L Inventory
fumarna kislina (sl)
C&L Inventory
fumaro rūgštis (lt)
C&L Inventory
fumarová kyselina (cs)
C&L Inventory
fumarsyra (sv)
C&L Inventory
fumarsyre (da)
C&L Inventory
Fumarsäure (de)
C&L Inventory
fumársav (hu)
C&L Inventory
fumārskābe (lv)
C&L Inventory
kwas fumarowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
kwas trans-etyleno-1,2-dikarboksylowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
kyselina fumarová (sk)
C&L Inventory
ácido fumárico (es)
C&L Inventory
φουμαρικό οξύ (el)
C&L Inventory
фумарова киселина (bg)
C&L Inventory
2-Butenedioic acid (2E)-
Other
(2E)-but-2-enedioic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
(E) but-2-enedioic acid
Registration dossier
(E)-but-2-enedioic acid
C&L Inventory, Other
(E)-Butenedioic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
1,2-ethylene dicarboxylic acid
C&L Inventory
2-BUTENEDIOIC ACID
C&L Inventory
2-Butenedioic acid (2E)-Fumaric acid
Registration dossier
2-Butenedioic acid, E-
C&L Inventory
But-2-enedioic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
E-butenedioic Acid
C&L Inventory
FA Flakes
Registration dossier
fumaric acid ,Butenedioic acid , Allomaleic acid , Boletic acid , Donitic acid , Lichenic acid
Registration dossier
trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic
C&L Inventory
trans-2-Butenedioïc acid
C&L Inventory
trans-Butendisäure
C&L Inventory
Trans-Butenedioic Acid
C&L Inventory
(E)-2-Butenedioic acid
Registration dossier
Allomaleic acid
Registration dossier
Boletic acid
Registration dossier
Butenedioic acid, (E)-
Registration dossier
trans-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid
Registration dossier
TRANS-BUTENEDICARBOXYLIC ACID
Registration dossier
110-17-8
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes
607-146-00-X
Index number
C&L Inventory
623158-97-4
CAS number
Other
909873-99-0
CAS number
Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Crystalline (50%), Flakes (50%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
287 - 302 °C @ 10 - 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
286.85 - 287 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
165 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
522 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
1.634 - 1.636 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
1.64 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.635

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0.019 - 0.021 Pa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.02 Pa @ 24.85 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Log Pow
-4.02 - 0.47 @ 20 °C and pH 5.9 - 8 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-4.02 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
6 - 7 000 000 µg/L @ 25 °C and pH 6 - 8 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
7 g/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
399 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
399 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 30 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 - 212 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 300 mg/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 300 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 42.32 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10.43 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 6 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 6 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 9 300 - 10 700 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 1.306 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC0 (4 h) 1.306 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 20 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
LD0 20 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 600 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant