Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Styrene
  • IUPAC name: ethenylbenzene
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
202-851-5
CAS no.:
100-42-5
Index number:
601-026-00-0
Molecular formula:
C8H8
SMILES:
C=CC1=CC=CC=C1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C8H8/c1-2-8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h2-7H,1H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
48
Of which contain:
20 impurities relevant for classification
1 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP06) approved by the European Union, this substance causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is a flammable liquid and vapour, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled, is suspected of damaging the unborn child and causes skin irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, is suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child, is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 5763 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 3 H226 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Asp. Tox. 1 H304
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 2 H361d Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335
Carc. 2 H351
Not Classified
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Repr. 1B H360
STOT SE 1 H370
Eye Irrit. 2A H319
https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • R

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 311 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 2 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, coating products and inks and toners.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives) and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: industrial spraying and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic used for packaging (excluding food packaging).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, coating products, non-metal-surface treatment products, inks and toners, paper chemicals and dyes and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, non-industrial spraying, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, inks and toners, non-metal-surface treatment products, paper chemicals and dyes and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; take actions to prevent static discharges; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep container tightly closed; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); use non-sparking tools; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. Do not induce vomiting. If on skin: wash with soap and water. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and Keeping it cool; locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • 3M Deutschland GmbH, Carl-Schurz-Strasse 1 41453 Neuss Germany
  • A. Schulman Thermoplastic Compounds Limited, 1 Kingsland Grange, Woolston WA1 4RA Warrington, Cheshire United Kingdom
  • ALBEMARLE EUROPE SPRL, Parc Scientifique (Einstein) Rue du Bosquet 9 1348 LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE Belgium
  • Alemare Solutions Limited, Boston Enterprise Centre Enterprise Way PE21 7TW Boston Lincolnshire United Kingdom
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR1, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • Amcor Flexibles Winterbourne, Winterbourne Road Stoke Gifford BS34 6PT Bristol South Gloucestershire United Kingdom
  • ANNO chemicals N.V., Berkenlaan 21 2980 Halle (Zoersel) (Antwerp) Belgium
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 19, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • AOT Energy Belgium, Boulevard de France 7 1420 Braine-l’Alleud Belgium
  • ARKEMA PHOTOCURES, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 Colombes France
  • ARKEMA S.R.L. Socio Unico, Via Pregnana 63 20017 Rho Milano Italy
  • ARLANXEO Brasil S.A., Chempark 51369 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Ashland Services BV (0311), Noordweg 9 3336 LH Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • Avery Dennison Materials Europe BV, Willem Einthovenstraat 11 2342 BH Oegstgeest Zuid-Holland Netherlands
  • Avestra Chemical Services Oy, Äyritie 12 A C/O F.I.N. Kontto Oy 01510 Vantaa Finland
  • AVESTRA CHEMICAL SERVICES OY, ORs, Uotilantie 35 01860 Perttula Finland
  • Axalta Coating Systems Germany GmbH & Co. KG, Christbusch 25 42285 Wuppertal Germany
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111117-5), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (811603-7), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman, BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B.I.G. - OR18190, Technische Schoolstraat 43a 2440 Geel Belgium
  • B.I.G. - OR634, Technische Schoolstraat 43A 2440 Geel Belgium
  • B.I.G. - OR646, Technische Schoolstraat 43A 2440 Geel Belgium
  • B.I.G. - OR696, Technische Schoolstraat 43a 2440 Geel Belgium
  • Basell Service Company B.V. - OR1 - Polymers, Deltseplein 27E 3013 AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • BASF Coatings GmbH, Glasuritstrasse 1 Postfach 6123 48136 Münster Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • BASF Espanola S.L., Calle Can Ràbia, n. 3-5 8017 Barcelona Spain
  • BASF Polyurethanes GmbH, Elastogranstr. 60 49448 Lemförde Niedersachsen Germany
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Becton Dickinson Distribution Center NV, Laagstraat 57 9140 Temse Belgium
  • Becton Dickinson SA, Camino de Valdeoliva, s/n 28750 San Agustin de Guadalix, Madrid Spain
  • Becton Dickinson UK Ltd., 1030 Eskdale Road Winnersh Triangle RG41 5TS Wokingham Berkshire United Kingdom
  • Belgium Marketing Services N.V., Britselei 23 - box 201 2000 Antwerpen België Belgium
  • BorsodChem Zrt. - OR, Bolyai ter 1. H-3700 Kazincbarcika Hungary
  • Bostik Nederland B.V., Zeggeveld #10 RP4705 Roosendaal Netherlands
  • BSM-OR-polymers-Equistar, Delftseplein 27E 3013 AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • BTC Europe GmbH, Rheinpromenade 1 40789 Monheim Germany
  • C.S.B. GmbH, Düsseldorfer Strasse 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • C.S.B. GmbH, Duesseldorfer Str.113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • C.S.B. GmbH, Düsseldorfer Str. 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • C.S.B. GmbH 0239, Düsseldorfer Str. 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • Caplinq Europe B.V., De Trompet 1126 1967 DA Heemskerk Netherlands
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for IXE), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Castimo GmbH, Radspieler Straße 8 81927 München Germany
  • Celanese Europe BV, The New Atrium Strawinskylaan 3105 1077 ZX Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Chemetall GmbH, Trakehner Str. 3 60487 Frankfurt Germany
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemours Netherlands B.V., Baanhoekweg 22 3313 LA Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Chemra GmbH, Max-Planck-Strasse 12 54296 Trier Germany
  • Chemservice GmbH - (3TG5), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Chemservice GmbH - (E1L4), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • Chemservice S.A. (UM4T), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • CHEMSERVICE srl, via Privata Goito, 8 20037 Paderno Dugnano MILANO Italy
  • Chevron Phillips Chemicals International N.V. - OR JCP, Airport Plaza, Stockholm Building Da Vincilaan 19 B - 1831 DIEGEM Belgium
  • Chevron Phillips Chemicals International NV, Airport Plaza, Stockholm Building, Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 DIEGEM Belgium
  • CNP Polymer GmbH, schultessdamm 58 22391 hamburg hamburg Germany
  • COVANCE CRS SA 013, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 030, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 -5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 046, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 048, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 066, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 067, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 068, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 143, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 155, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edifico 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CRS SA 156, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • Covestro (France) SNC, Route du Quai Mineralier F-13772 Fos-sur-Mer Cedex France
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Covestro Deutschland AG OR US_001257, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Covestro NV, Haven 507 Scheldelaan 420 2040 Antwerpen Belgium
  • CRAY VALLEY SA OR8, 2 Place Jean Millier 92400 Courbevoie France
  • CRCP GmbH, Am Römerhof 51 60486 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Croda EU B.V. (OR1), Buurtje 1 2802 BE Gouda Netherlands
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 1L-24, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby United Kingdom
  • Cyber Clean Europe GmbH, Enzianstraße 6 82319 Starnberg Germany
  • Dart Products Europe Ltd., Unit 1 Tower Close St.Peters Industrial Park PE29 7BZ Huntingdon CAMBS United Kingdom
  • Daschi Chemie B.V., Molendijk-Zuid 5482WZ Schijndel Netherlands
  • Denka Chemicals GmbH, Kaiserswerther Str. 183 40474 Dusseldorf Germany
  • DKSH France S.A., 1475 Quai du Rhone 01702 Miribel France
  • DOPLA SPA, Via Nuova Trevigiana, 126 31032 Casale sul Sile, T V Italy
  • Dow Belgium B.V.B.A., Sneeuwbeslaan 20, bus 10 2610 Wilrijik Belgium Belgium
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. - OR1, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-10, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-11, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-12, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-7, Postbus 48 NL-4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-20, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY LTD, Diamond House, Lotus Park Kingsbury Crescent Middx UB7 0DQ Staines Middx United Kingdom
  • DOW DEUTSCHLAND ANLAGENGESELLSCHAFT mbH, Am Kronberger Hang 4 D-65824 Schwalbach Germany
  • Dow France SAS, 23 Avenue Jules Rimet 93200 La Plaine Saint Denis France
  • Dow Hellas S.A., Lavrion Site T.K. 19500 Thorikon Lavrion Greece
  • DSM Coating Resins B.V., Ceintuurbaan 5 8022 AW Zwolle Netherlands
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH, Hugenottenallee 173-175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • DYNASOL ELASTOMEROS OR, Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 MADRID Spain
  • Dynasol Elastómeros S.A., Carretera a Pedreña 39792 Gajano Cantabria Spain
  • Eastman Chemical B.V., Watermanweg 70 3067 GG Rotterdam Netherlands
  • EcoMundo, 215, rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux France
  • Ecomundo (OR for ResinTech), 195 rue Jean-Jacques Rousseau 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux France
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 023, Centro Industrial Santiga - Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 042, Centro Industrial Santiga- Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • Envigo Research Limited 183, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Envigo Research Limited 201, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Evonik Röhm GmbH, Kirschenallee 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • ExxonMobil Chemical France SARL, Tour Manhattan, 5/6, Place de l'Iris 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Galata Chemicals GmbH, Chemiestrasse 22 68623 Lampertheim 06 Germany
  • General Technologies (Europe) GmbH , Hohenzollernring 57 50672 Cologne Germany
  • Goodyear Dunlop Tires Operations S.A., Avenue Gordon Smith L-7750 Colmar-Berg Luxembourg
  • Goodyear SA, Avenue Gordon Smith L-7750 Colmar-Berg Luxembourg
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • GRACE GmbH (OR1), In der Hollerhecke 1 67547 Worms Germany
  • Harlan Laboratories Ltd 228, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Helm AG, Nordkanalstraße 28 20097 Hamburg Germany
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • HH Compliance Ltd, Rubicon Building , CIT-Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • Hitachi Europe GmbH, Niederkasseler Lohweg 191 40547 Düsseldorf Germany
  • HP Deutschland GmbH, Schickardstrasse 32 71034 Boeblingen Germany
  • HP Europe B.V., Startbaan 16 DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire Netherlands
  • ICC Industries, B.V., Hullenbergweg 278 1101 BV Amsterdam The Netherlands Netherlands
  • ICL Europe Coöperatief U.A. (OR1), Koningin Wilhelminaplein 30 Prinsenhof 1062 KR Amsterdam Netherlands
  • INEOS Composites Hispania S.L. (0341), Partida Povet, 37 ES-12580 Benicarlo Castillon de la Plana Spain
  • Ineos Feluy SPRL (OR ABS), Parc Industriel de Feluy Nord Zone C B-7181 Feluy Belgium
  • INEOS Styrolution Belgium, Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Belgium
  • INEOS Styrolution Europe GmbH, Mainzer Landstrasse 50 60325 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • INEOS Styrolution Europe GmbH, Mainzer Landstr. 50 60325 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy
  • Integra SA, Chaussée de Tervuren 133 1410 Waterloo Belgium
  • Interchem Logistics B.V., Javastraat 4 3016 CE Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Intermarc B.V., Villapark 10 3051 BP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • International Farg AB, Box 44 SE 424 22 Angered Sweden
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 1, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 16, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 2, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 38, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 47, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH CTNI, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH CUC, Stangenstr.1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH CZWC, Stangenstr.1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH DEX, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Baden-Württemberg Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH IGLT, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH TTRT, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd 23, Caleb Brett House 734 London Road RM20 3NL West Thurrock, Grays Essex United Kingdom
  • ITW Performance Polymers, A Division of ITW Ireland, Bay 150 Shannon Industrial Estate V14 DF82 Shannon Co. Clare Ireland
  • IVICT Europe GmbH, Kennedydamm 19 40476 Düsseldorf Germany
  • JACOBI CARBONS AB, Slojdaregatan 1 393 53 Kalmar Sweden
  • JSR Micro n.v., Technologielaan 8 3001 Leuven Belgium
  • Kao Chemicals Europe, S.L. (10), Puig dels Tudons, 10 08210 Barbera del Valles Barcelona Spain
  • Kao Chemicals Europe, S.L. (2), Puig dels Tudons, 10 08210 Barbera del Valles Barcelona Spain
  • KH Chemicals B.V., Scheepmakerij 260 3331 MB Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • KIST Europe Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Campus E 71 D-66123 Saarbruecken Germany
  • knoell Germany - OR - B4, Konrad-Zuse-Ring 25 68163 Mannheim Germany
  • Kolmar NL BV, Claude Debussylaan 10 1082MD Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Koopman International B.V., Distelweg 88 1031 HH Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Kuraray Europe GmbH (OR1), Philipp-Reis-Str. 4 65795 Hattersheim Germany
  • Kuraray Europe GmbH (OR2), Philipp-Reis-Str. 4 65795 Hattersheim Germany
  • Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany
  • LANXESS Deutschland GmbH in its legal capacity as Only Representative of ARLANXEO USA LLC, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany
  • LCNBV-OR-CXV, Delftseplein 27E 3013 AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Lubrizol Deutschland GmbH, Max-Planck-Strasse 6 27721 RITTERHUDE Germany
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 01, Chaussee De Wavre, 1945 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 02 , Chaussee De Wavre 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol France SAS, 25 Quai de France 76100 ROUEN France
  • Lubrizol Limited, The Knowle, Nether Lane Hazelwwod DE56 4AN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR12), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4004 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg
  • Lyondell Chemie Nederland B.V., Deltseplein 27E 3013 AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin (OR CAN), Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clermont Ferrand France
  • Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin (OR US), Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clemront Ferrand France
  • Marubeni Europe plc, 95 Gresham Street EC2V 7AB London United Kingdom
  • MFPM Only Representative for Michelin Siam Co., Ltd., Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clermont-Ferrand France
  • MFPM SRI, Place des Carmes Déchaux Site de Ladoux 63040 Clermont-Ferrand France
  • Miki Europe GmbH, Immermannstr. 35 40210 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Mitsui and Co. Deutschland G.M.B.H. Head Office (Düsseldorf), Herzogstrasse 15 D-40217 Düsseldorf Germany
  • momaja s.r.o, Karolinská 650/1 186 00 Prague 8 Czech Republic
  • momaja s.r.o., Karolinská 650/1 186-00 Prague 8 Czech Republic
  • Nalco Limited, P.O. Box 11, Winnington Avenue, CW8 4DX Northwich, Cheshire United Kingdom
  • NEOCHIMIKI SA, PENTELIS 34 175 64 P.FALIRO ATHENS Greece
  • NetSun EU B.V., Blaak 40, Fifth Floor 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Nouryon Functional Chemicals B.V., Velperweg 76 6824 BM Arnhem Netherlands
  • Nouryon Surface Chemistry AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - S-44485 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • NP Automotive Coating (Europe) Ltd, Britannia Park Radway Road SN3 4ND Swindon Wiltshire United Kingdom
  • OMNOVA Solutions SAS (OR of OMNOVA Solutions Inc), 14 avenue des Tropiques ZA de Courtaboeuf 2, Villejust 91955 Courtaboeuf Cedex France
  • OQEMA Whyte Limited, Marlborough House 298 Regents Park Road N3 2UA Finchley London United Kingdom
  • Oy Nizhex Scandinavia Ltd, Wavulinintie 10 00210 HELSINKI Finland
  • Penman Consulting bvba 09, Avenue des Arts 10 B-1210 Brussels Belgium
  • Performance Materials Ibérica, S.L.U., Av. Diagonal Num. 571 08029 Barcelona Spain
  • Petrochemical Commercial Company (UK) Ltd, 24, GROSVENOR GARDENS SW1W 0DH LONDON EUROPE United Kingdom
  • PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL (LONDON) CO., LTD, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT LONDON United Kingdom
  • PILOT CORPORATION OF EUROPE, PAE de la Caille 74350 ALLONZIER LA CAILLE France
  • Pioneer Solutions Europe BVBA, De Roskam 13 2970 Schilde Belgium
  • POWER POLYMER PLAST SP Z.O.O.., OFFICE 38, HOUSE85, OLIWSKA ST, GDANSK CITY, 80-842 GDANSK CITY Poland
  • PPG Coatings BV, Papesteeg 102 4006 WC Tiel Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR2, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Industries Italia Srl Società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento da parte di PPG Industries Inc., Via Serra, 1 15028 Quattordio Italy
  • Purolite Ltd., Llantrisant Business Park CF72 8LF Llantrisant Wales United Kingdom
  • Purolite1 Ltd, Unit D Llantrisant Busuness Park CF72 8LF Llantrisant South Wales United Kingdom
  • RADIANT COLOR, europark 1046 3530 HOUTHALEN Belgium
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude 42a 81541 München Germany
  • Ravago Distribution SA, Rue de Merl 76-78 L-2146 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • REACH NATION 23, Avenue du Pesage 18, Box 9 B-1050 Brussels Belgium
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHLaw, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REPSOL QUÍMICA, Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • REPSOL TRADING SA, Calle Méndez Álvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Spain
  • Resindion S.r.l., Via Roma, 55 20082 Binasco Milano Italy
  • Roehm America LLC - ORR1, Dolivostrasse 17 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • SABIC Innovative Plastics BV, Plasticslaan 1 4612 PX Bergen op Zoom Netherlands Netherlands
  • Sabic Innovative Plastics BV_OR, Plasticslaan 1 4612 PX Bergen op Zoom Netherlands
  • SABIC Petrochemicals B.V., Europaboulevard 1 6135 LD Sittard Netherlands
  • Savarè I.C. S.r.l., via Polidoro da Caravaggio 3 20156 Milano Lombardia Italy
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V.151, Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Schoeller Technocell GmbH & Co. KG, Burg Gretesch 49086 Osnabrück Germany
  • Shell Chemicals Europe B.V., Weena 70 3012 CM Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Nederland Chemie B.V., Vonderlingenweg 601, Att. G-J Dijkema WO 503200019 PO BOX 8610, 3009 AP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Trading International Ltd, Shell Centre SE1 7NA London United Kingdom
  • Sinopec Europa GmbH, Messe Turm, Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage 49 60308 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • SINOPEC Europa Handels Gmbh, Messe Turm, Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage 49 60308 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Belgium, BVBA OR-1, Sneeuwbeslaan 20 / Pb10 B-2610 Wilrijk Belgium
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-1, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-2, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-4, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-6, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Stadex Nederland BV as OR for Shandong, Boxbergerweg 119 7431PM Diepenveen Netherlands
  • Stahl Europe B.V., Sluisweg 10 5145PE Waalwijk Noord Brabant Netherlands
  • StonCor Europe, Rue du Travail, 9 1400 Nivelles Belgium
  • Sumitomo Corporation Europe Limited, 68 Upper Thames Street EC4V 3BJ London United Kingdom
  • Sumitomo Deutschland GmbH, Georg-Glock-Str. 8 40474 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Sunpor Kunststoff GmbH, Tiroler Straße 14 3105 St. Pölten Lower Austria Austria
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • Synthomer (UK) Limited, Central Road Templefields CM20 2BH Harlow Essex United Kingdom
  • Synthomer Trading Limited, 45 Pall Mall SW1Y 5JG London United Kingdom
  • Synthos Dwory 7 spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością spółka jawna, ul. Chemików 1 32-600 Oświęcim Poland
  • SYNTHOS Kralupy a.s., O.Wichterleho 810 27801 Kralupy nad Vltavou Czech Republic
  • T-NET International (EU) GmbH, Rurtal Str. 33 41849 Wassenberg NRW Germany
  • TC NV OR1, Bergstraat 32 BE-3945 HAM Belgium
  • Teknor Apex BV, Mijnweg 1 Mijnweg 1, (P.O.Box 601, 6160 AP) 6167AC Geleen Please select Netherlands
  • Total Petrochemicals & Refining SA, Rue de l'Industrie,52 1040 Bruxelles Belgium
  • Total Polymer Solutions Ltd, Unit 5 Block 613 Jordanstown Road, Greenogue Business Park Co Rathcoole Dublin Ireland
  • Total Raffinage France, 2, place Jean Millier, La Défense 92400 Courbevoie France
  • TRATAMIENTOS DE AGUA V.D.F., SL, C. Aiguafreda, 8. Pol. Ind. L’Ametlla Park 08480 La Ametlla del Vallès/Barcelona Barcelona Spain
  • Tricon Energy UK, Ltd, Dawson House 5 Jewry Street EC3N 2EX London United Kingdom
  • Trinseo Deutschland GmbH, Strasse E 17 06258 Schkopau Germany
  • Trinseo Netherlands B.V., Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542 NM Hoek Netherlands
  • Tyre Company Dębica SA., 1Maja 1 39-200 Dębica Poland
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (012), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (018), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (048), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (054), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (059), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • Valspar b.v., Zuiveringweg 89 8243 PE Lelystad Netherlands
  • Vercell GmbH, Willhoop 1 22453 Hamburg Germany
  • versalis S.p.A., P.zza Boldrini 1 20097 San Donato Milanese MILANO Italy
  • WOOLWORTH GmbH, Formerstr.6 59425 Unna NRW Germany
  • Xerox (Europe) Limited, Ballycoolin Business Park Blanchardstown Dublin 15 Dublin Ireland
  • Xerox Manufacturing (Nederland) BV, Maasheseweg 89-91 5804 AB Venray Limburg Netherlands
  • YD Star Netherlands B.V., Molendijk Zuid 23B 5482 WZ Schijndel Netherlands
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Zeon Europe GmbH, Hansaallee 249 40549 Düsseldorf NRW Germany
  • Zeon Europe GmbH, Hansaallee 249 40459 Düsseldorf NRW Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • CHEMIJOS INDUSTRIJA UAB, Birutes str. 16a LT-91210 Klaipėda Lithuania
  • DEKRA Assurance Services GmbH OR01, Handwerkstr. 15 70565 Stuttgart Germany
  • Henkel AG & Co. KGaA, Henkelstrasse 67 40191 Duesseldorf North-Rhine Westfalia Germany
  • Henkel Italia Operations S.r.L., Via Amoretti 78 20157 Mailand Italy
  • Henkel Nederland B.V., Brugwal 11 3432 NZ Nieuwegein Netherlands
  • Henkel Technologies France SAS, 161 Rue De Silly 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt France
  • HP Production Company Limited, Barnhall Road Liffey Park Technology Campus . Leixlip Co.Kildare Ireland
  • INEOS Styrenics GmbH, Paul-Baumann-Strasse 1 D-45764 Marl Germany
  • reach_hh, guie 189437 w8r Romania
  • SABIC Innovative Plastics Espana ScpA, Ctra. Cartagena-Alhama de Murcia km. 13. La Aljorra 30390 Cartagena Spain Spain
  • SpetsInterProject10, Näkinkaari 1 M 02320 Espoo Finland
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • Trammo SARL, 23 Rue Balzac 75008 Paris France
  • VERSALIS UK LTD, 49 High Street SO43 7BE Lyndhurst Hampshire United Kingdom
  • Vitol Chemicals BV, K.P. van der Mandelelaan 130 3062 MB Rotterdam Netherlands

Other names

  • -
  • 1-methyl-2-phenyl-1H-indole
  • 20701_100-42-5
  • Benzene, ethenyl-
  • ethenyl benzene
  • Ethenylbenzene
  • Ethylbenzen
  • fenylethylen
  • Phenylethen
  • Phenylethene
  • Phenyletylene, vinylbenzene
  • Phényléthlène
  • Stirene
  • STYRENE
  • Styrene (stabilized with TBC)
  • STYRENE MONOMER
  • Styrene used as raw material for the production of polymers
  • Styrene used as raw material to produce Polymers
  • styrene, 100-42-5
  • Styrene, Ethenylbenzene
  • Styrol
  • Sytrene
  • Vinylbenzene
  • benzene, ethenyl (9Cl)
  • Benzene, ethenyl- (9CI)
  • Cinnamene
  • EK-1040D
  • Estireno
  • Ethenylbenzene
  • HF-0660I
  • HG-0760AT
  • HG-0760GP
  • HG-0760TV
  • MP-0160 R
  • Phenethylene
  • Phenylethene
  • Phenylethylene
  • Polymers derived from Styrene
  • QU-0191 S
  • SD-0150
  • SD-0150 U
  • SD-0150 W
  • SD-0150GP
  • SM
  • Styrene
  • Styrene (8CI)
  • Styrene (8Cl)
  • Styrene Monomer
  • Styrene Monomer stabilized
  • Styrene Monomer – GW
  • Styrol
  • Styrole
  • Styrolene
  • Styropol SO
  • VE-0812
  • VE-0856
  • VE-0856 U
  • VE-0858
  • VE-0860
  • VE-0860EX
  • VH-0800
  • VH-0800 E
  • VH-0810
  • VH-0815
  • vinyl benzene
  • Vinylbenzene
  • Vinylbenzol
  • VS-1821

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 5 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-31 - -30.6 °C @ 101.3 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-31 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
145 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
145 °C

Density

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Relative density
0.9 - 0.91 @ 20 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.9

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
6.67 - 12.66 hPa @ 20 - 30 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
6.67 hPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.35 - 2.96 @ 25 °C and pH 7 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3 2
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
2.96 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
160.01 - 343.7 mg/L @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
320 mg/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Flash point
31 - 34.4 °C @ 101.3 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
31 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
490 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
490 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 4
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.696 - 0.75 [3]
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
0.77 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
7.4 - 12.7 h [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation Half-life (DT50)
7.9 months [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 15
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
352

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
231.6 - 285 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Henry's law constant
232 - 280 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 - 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 98.6 % [1]
R Water 1.21 % [1]
R Soil 0.09 % [1]
R Sediment 0.09 % [1]
R Suspended sediment 0 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]
R Aerosol 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 28 - 40 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 40 µg/L (1)
Marine water 14 - 40 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 5 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 418 - 614 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 307 - 418 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 146 - 200 µg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 4.02 - 10 mg/L [2]
EC50 (4 days) 3.32 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
4.02 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 4.7 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 42 mg/L [1]
LC50 (4 days) 9.5 mg/L [1]
EC0 (24 h) 33 mg/L [1]
EC100 (24 h) 53 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
4.7 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 1.01 mg/L [1]
LOEC (21 days) 2.06 mg/L [1]
EC50 (21 days) 1.88 mg/L [1]
LC50 (21 days) 3.84 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
1.01 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 6.3 mg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 4.9 mg/L [1]
EC10 (4 days) 280 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
4.9 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 500 mg/L [1]
NOEC (16 h) 72 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
500 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (14 days) 34 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (14 days) 65 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LC50 (14 days) 120 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 85 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 100 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 100 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 100 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 406 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 343 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 7.7 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 125 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 27 1 2
Supporting study 35 11
Weight of evidence 3
Other 39 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 6 000 mg/kg bw (hamster) [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 11
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
LD0 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other 3
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 10 - 150 mg/kg bw/day [2]
LOAEL (rat): 2 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (mouse): 150 - 300 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence 3
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 85 studies submitted
  • 18 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (mouse): 210 mg/m³ air [1]
LOAEL (rat): 300 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received) [1]
NOAEC (rat): 635 - 3 470 mg/m³ air [14]
NOAEC (rat): 150 ppm [1]
NOAEC (mouse): 90 - 250 mg/m³ air [4]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 22
Supporting study 28
Weight of evidence 5
Other 29 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 68 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 10 4
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other 36 9
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 58 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 12 1
Supporting study 23 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 17 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 3
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4 2
Weight of evidence 5
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 5 2
Weight of evidence 5
Other 14 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study 4 3
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other 10 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant