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Description of key information

The informtion for these endpoint study records was obtained from an experimental study. The OECD GLP criteria were met and the methods applied are fully compliant with OECD TG 40 and 405. The test material is irritant to skin. No adverse effects have been noted for eye irritation.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation / corrosion, other
Remarks:
OECD 404
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Nov 15 - Dec 07, 2006
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study was conducted according to Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and followed the OECD Guideline for Testing of Chemicals No 404.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
None
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Strain: Albino rabbit, Crl:KBL(NZW), female (f) Source: Charles River Wiga GmbH, KifßleggAge: about 18 weeksInitial Weight: 3,98 kg One female animal
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
other: paraffin oil
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
0,5 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
1, 24, 48, 72 hours after removal of patches and then daily up to day 21
Number of animals:
One female animal
Details on study design:
Identification and adaptationThe animal was kept in the experimental room for more than 7 days to allow them to acclimatize.The animal was uniquely identified by a tattoo in the ear displaying the animal number. An individual cage card was affixed to the cage displaying the study number, test material, day of treatment, and animal number.AssignmentOne female rabbit, with the animal number 23, was used for this study. The initial body weight at the start of the experimental part was 3.98 kg. Housing and dietThe rabbit was housed in an air-conditioned room of about 28 m^2 in the Institute of Toxicology. Lighting was controlled by a timer to provide a 12-hour light and a 12-hour dark regime. They were kept separately in special rabbit cages (manufacturer: Becker; type K99/30 KU, floor area about 5400 cm^2, a shelter with an integrated sitting board of about 1820 cm^2; overall height: 60 cm) with plastic grids placed on mobile racks. The collection pans underneath the cages were cleaned at least three times a week. The cages were cleaned before the start of the study. Temperature and relative humidity were measured using a thermohygrograph. The room temperature varied from 16 to 18°C and the relative humidity from 47 to 67 %. The rabbit received a commercial diet for rabbits, Provimi Kliba 3418.0 ad libitum and ssniff K snack, as well as fresh community tap water from Makrolon drinking bottles ad libitum. According to the specifications given by the manufacturer, the diet had been checked by independent laboratories. Analysis included both qualitative and quantitative evaluation for heavy metals, aflatoxins, pesticides, and antibiotics. The drinking water was periodically analyzed according to the German regulations for human drinking water.VehicleName:Liquid paraffinManufacturer:Merck KGaA, DarmstadtBatch No.:K32250274Expires:July 31, 2007Observations for clinical symptomsThe rabbit was examined for skin alterations, behavior, and general condition 1 hour after removal of the patch, after 24, 48, 72 hours, and then daily up to experimental day 22.Skin changes at the application sites were evaluated according to the DRAIZE-, OECD-and EEC recommendations.Grading scale for evaluation: Erythema and eschar formation Scores--------------------------------------------------No erythema 0Very slight erythema (barely perceptible) 1Well defined erythema 2Moderate to severe erythema 3 Severe erythema (beet redness) to eschar formation preventing grading of erythema 4--------------------------------------------------Maximum possible: 4--------------------------------------------------Edema formation Scores--------------------------------------------------No edema 0Very slight edema (barely perceptible) 1Slight edema (edges of area well defined by definite raising) 2Moderate edema (raised approx. 1 mm) 3 Severe edema (raised more than 1 mm and extending beyond area of exposure) 4--------------------------------------------------Maximum possible: 4--------------------------------------------------Total possible irritation score (maximum): 8Mean score = Mean grading for erythema or edema of all the rabbits per time pointMean cumulative score = Mean grading of all readings for erythema and edema per time pointMean score per animal = Mean grading for each animal of erythema or edema (24, 48, and 72 hours after removal of the patches)
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
2.33
Max. score:
3
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
1.67
Max. score:
2

0.5 g of the test material was administered. After a single application to the intact dorsal skin of a rabbit, for 4 hours under semiocclusive conditions, erythema (scores 1 to 4) were observed from day 1 up to day 9 and edema (scores 1 to 2) were observed from day 2 up to day 5 of the study. Furthermore brittle skin from day 6 up to day 9 and small scales from day 10 up to day 17 of the study were seen at the site of application. From day 18 up to the end of the experimental part increased growth of hair was observed.

Interpretation of results:
Category 2 (irritant) based on GHS criteria
Remarks:
Migrated informationCriteria used for interpretation of results: other: CLP
Conclusions:
According to EU Regulation No. 1272/2008 and CLP the test material should be regarded as an irritant to the skin.
Executive summary:

Purpose

The purpose of this assay was to identify the skin irritation/corrosion potential of the test material when applied to the intact skin of previously shaven rabbits for a 4 hours period under semiocclusive conditions.

This study should provide a rational basis for risk assessment to the irritating potential of the test item in man.

Study Design

To test for primary skin irritation, 0.5 g of the test material was mixed with some drops of liquid paraffin to ensure good contact with the skin. Afterwards the test material was spread onto 6 cm2 patches and applied to the intact skin of previously shaven rabbits for a 4 hours period under semiocclusive conditions. The study was started as an initial test with one animal. This animal showed signs of irritation (well defined erythema, edema, brittle skin, and scales) and no more animals were treated. The first examination of the treated skin sites followed 1 hour after removal of the patches. Thereafter, examinations were performed daily for further 21 days.

Results

Only one rabbit was used for the study. No signs of pain were observed after administration. Under the conditions of the present study erythema (scores 1 to 3) were observed from day 1 up to day 5 and edema (scores 1 to 4) were observed from day 2 up to day 9 of the study. Furthermore brittle skin from day 6 up to day 9 and small scales from day 10 up to day 17 of the study were seen at the site of application. From day 18 up to the end of the experimental part increased growth of hair was observed.

Conclusion

The test material caused irritative effects at the site of application. According to EU Regulation No. 1272/2008 and CLP the test material should be regarded as an irritant to the skin.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed (irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation, other
Remarks:
OECD 405
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Jul 10 -24, 2007
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study was conducted according to Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and followed the OECD guideline for testing of Chemicals 405.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
None
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Strain: Albino rabbit, Crl:KBL(NZW), female (f) Source: Charles River Wiga GmbH, KifßleggAge: about 14-15 weeksMean weight: 3,76 kg
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
0,1 g
Observation period (in vivo):
1 hour after treatment, after 24, 48, and 72 hours, then daily up to day 8 of the experimental part.
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 female rabbits
Details on study design:
-- Identification and adaptationHealthy rabbits were allocated to the study group. The animals were kept in the experimental room for more than 7 days to allow for acclimatization. Each animal was uniquely identified by a tattoo in the ear displaying the animal number. Individual cage cards were affixed to each cage displaying the study number, test material, day of treatment, and animal number.-- Assignment3 female rabbits were used for this study.-- Housing and dietAll rabbits were housed in an air-conditioned room of about 28 m^2 in the Institute of Toxicology. Lighting was controlled by a timer to provide a 12-hour light and a 12-hour dark regime.They were kept separately in special rabbit cages (manufacturer: Becker; type K99/30 KU, floor area about 5400 cm^2, a shelter with an integrated sitting board of about 1820 cm^2; overall height: 60 cm) with plastic grids placed on mobile racks. The collection pans underneath the cages were cleaned at least three times a week. The cages were cleaned before the start of the study.Temperature and relative humidity were measured using a thermohygrograph. The room temperature varied from 20 to 22 °C and the relative humidity from 50 to 64 %. The rabbits received diet for rabbits No. 814, Eberle Nafag ad libitum, and fresh tap water from Makrolon drinking bottles at least three times a week.The diet is checked periodically according to the specifications of the manufacturer by an independent laboratory, approved by the German government. Analysis includes both qualitative and quantitative evaluation for heavy metals, aflatoxins, pesticides, and antibiotics.The drinking water is periodically analyzed according to the German regulations for human drinking water.-- PreparationBefore the application, the test material was ground in a mortar using a pestle.–- Administration and dose levelTo ensure that only rabbits with normal eyes were included in the study, approximately 24 hours before treatment ophthalmological examinations were performed after instillation of a 0.15 % fluorescein solution (Dr. Thilo & Co.) using an ophthalmoscope according to Eisenhut (Basel). Animals with eye defects, injury or irritation were excluded.0.1 g test material was instilled into the conjunctival sac of the left eye of each animal by gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball to form a cup into which the test material was placed. The right eye remained untreated and served as control. After instillation, the eyelids were closed for about 30 seconds.-- Observation for clinical symptomsThe rabbits were examined for eye irritation and for changes in behavior and general condition 1 hour after treatment, after 24, 48, and 72 hours, then daily up to day 8 of the experimental part.Eye changes were evaluated according to the DRAIZE- , OECD- and EEC recommendations.-- Evaluation of eye reactions- Cornea ScoresA) Opacity-degree of density (area most dense taken for reading)No ulceration or opacity 0Scattered or diffuse areas of opacity (other than slight dullingof normal lustre), details of iris clearly visible 1Easily discernible translucent area, details of iris slightly obscured 2Nacrous area, no details of iris visible, size of pupil barely discernible 3Opaque cornea, iris not discernible through the opacity 4B) Area of cornea involved not evaluated (Rating according to the DRAIZE method)- IrisA) Normal 0 Markedly deepened rugae, congestion, swelling, moderate circumcorneal hyperemia, or injection, any of these or combination of any thereof, iris still reacting to light (sluggish reaction is positive) 1 No reaction to light, hemorrhage, gross destruction (any or all of these) 2 - Conjunctivae ScoresA) Redness (refers to palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae, cornea and iris)Blood vessels normal 0Some blood vessels definitely hyperemic (injected) 1Diffuse, crimson color, individual vessels not easily discernible 2Diffuse beefy red 3B) Chemosis: lids and/or nictating membranesNo swelling 0Any swelling above normal (includes nictating membranes) 1Obvious swelling with partial eversion of lids 2Swelling with lids about half closed 3Swelling with lids more than half closed 4C) Discharge (Rating according to the DRAIZE method ) No discharge 0 Any amount different from normal (does not include small amounts observed in inner canthus of normal animals) 1Discharge with moistening of the lids and hairs just adjacent to lids 2Discharge with moistening of the lids and hairs, and of a considerable area around the eye 3Mean score of all animals = Mean grading for irritations of cornea, iris, and conjunctivae per time pointMean score per animal = Mean grading for each animal of irritations of cornea, iris, and conjunctivae (1, 24, 48, and 72 hours after application)Maximum value = Maximum grading of a sign of irritation within a period
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48, 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0

All animals survived the observation period. Body weight development of the treated rabbits was inconspicuous.

No signs of clinical toxicity were detected. No signs of irritation were observed at the cornea or iris. All animals showed redness (score 1) and discharge (score 1) one hour after instillation of the test material. No abnormalities were detected in the untreated eyes.

Eve irritation of all animals (mean score):

  24 h  48 h  72 h 
Cornea (mean /max) 0/0  0/0  0/0
 Iris (mean / max)  0/0  0/0  0/0
 Conjunctivae (mean / max)  0/0  0/0  0/0
Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated informationCriteria used for interpretation of results: other: CLP
Conclusions:
No eye irritating potential could be detected, thus the test material should not be classified as eye irritant according to EU Regulation No. 1272/2008 (CLP).
Executive summary:

Purpose

The purpose of this primary eye irritation assay was to provide information on possible health hazards in case of acute eye contact with a test material and serve as a rational basis for risk assessment to the eye irritating potential of the test item in man.

Study Design

To test for eye irritation a test according to the OECD-Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No. 405, the annex to Directive 92/69 EEC, and the recommendations of DRAIZE (1959) was performed.

Results

No signs of irritation were observed at the cornea or iris. One hour and 24 hours after treatment, the conjunctivae showed redness (score 1) in two animals. Furthermore, discharge (score 1) was seen one hour after treatment. Thereafter no signs of irritation were observed. The untreated eyes were unchanged.

Conclusion

No eye irritating potential could be detected, thus the test material should not be classified as eye irritant according to EU Regulation No. 1272/2008 (CLP).

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Additional information

Justification for selection of skin irritation / corrosion endpoint:
This study was performed according to GLP and the methods applied are fully compliant with OECD TG 404.

Justification for selection of eye irritation endpoint:
This study was performed according to GLP and the methods applied are fully compliant with OECD TG 405.

Effects on skin irritation/corrosion: irritating

Justification for classification or non-classification

The test material causes skin irritation and should be classified as skin irritant cat 2. For eye irritation no classification is warrented.