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Link to relevant study record(s)

Reference
Endpoint:
basic toxicokinetics
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1 Apr 1974 - 31 May 1975
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study
Objective of study:
absorption
metabolism
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 417 (Toxicokinetics)
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.36 (Toxicokinetics)
GLP compliance:
no
Remarks:
no (The study was conducted in 1975 whereas OECD and EU Guidelines as well as GLP Principles were implemented in 1981 and 1988)
Radiolabelling:
yes
Remarks:
14C-labeled nitrotoluenes
Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Charles River CD
Sex:
female
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
peanut oil
Duration and frequency of treatment / exposure:
24 hours/ administered once
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
test material suspended in peanut oil was administered in volume of 1 ml/100g bw (approx. 1/10 of the LD50)
Control animals:
not specified
Details on absorption:
The nitrotoluenes were readily absorbed after oral administration in the rat. The absorption was essentially completed in 24 hours with approximately 60 to 90% of the aministered doses. The extents of absorption were in the fillowing order: 2,4-DNT, 3,4-DNT > TNT, 2,5-DNT > 2,3-DNT, 2,6-DNT.
Details on distribution in tissues:
The liver and kidney contained small but significant amounts of radioactivity. Very small amounts of radioactivity were also found in the other tissue including brain, lungs, skeletal muscle, and/or spleen.The tissue to plasma radioactivity ratios indicated that the nitrotoluenesand/or their metabolites were, in general, readily taken into most tissues.
Details on excretion:
Most of the absorbed radioactivity from oral administration of nitrotoluenes were excreted in the urine. It indicated that these compounts were extensively metabolised in the body since nitrotoluenes are water insoluble. The aromatic ring of these nitrotoluenes remained intact.
Details on metabolites:
TLC analysis of the urine from treated rats indicated that the nitrotoluenes were metabolised extensively. Unchanged parent compunds were not present in the urine.The urinary metabolites consisted of one or two classes of polar metabolites. TLC analysis of brain extracts from TNT treated rats revealed a radioactive nonpolar metabolite. However this did not correspond to TNT.
Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information): low bioaccumulation potential based on study results
The absorption in 24 hours is 60 to 90% of the aministered doses. Nitrotoluenes are extensively metabolised in the body since they are water insoluble

Description of key information

The absorption in 24 hours is 60 to 90% of the aministered doses. Nitrotoluenes are extensively metabolised in the body since they are  water insoluble.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Bioaccumulation potential:
low bioaccumulation potential
Absorption rate - oral (%):
60

Additional information