Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
931-597-4
CAS no.:
-
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
42
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes serious eye damage, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 142 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Dam. 1 H318
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Registration:
This substance has 71 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 1 000 000 to < 10 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use as reactive substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, fertilisers, pH regulators and water treatment products, washing & cleaning products and coating products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work, agriculture, forestry and fishing, municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment and formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).

This substance is used in the following products: fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, fertilisers and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, washing & cleaning products and fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay.

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment, building & construction work and mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: pulp, paper and paper products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as processing aid, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use as reactive substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AustroCel Hallein GmbH , Salzachtalstrasse 88 5400 Hallein Austria
  • BIOELECTRICA DE GARRAY SLU, CALLE OMBU, NUM. 3 PLANTA 10 28045 Madrid Spain
  • BIOELÉCTRICA DE LINARES, S.L, Carretera Nacional 322 Km 126. 23700 Linares. Jaén ANDALUCIA Spain
  • Bioenergética Egabrense,S.A., Ctra. Monturque- Cabra, Km.7,5 14940 Cabra Córdoba Spain
  • Bioenergía Santamaria,s.l., Cno. Viejo de Benamejí,s/n 14900 Lucena Córdoba Spain
  • Biomasa Briviesca SA, Camino de la Charca s/n; 09240 Briviesca (Burgos) Spain
  • Biomasa Fuente de Piedra,S.A. UNIPERSONAL, Ctra. Fuente de Piedra- Alameda Km 2,5 29520 Fuente de Piedra Málaga Spain
  • Biomasas de Puente Genil, S.L, Crta Puente Genil-Santaella (A-379), km 25-26 14500 Puente Genil (Córdoba) Andalucía Spain
  • Biowanze S.A., Avenue de Tervuren 182 1150 Bruxelles Belgium
  • BMC Moerdijk BV, Middenweg 36a 4782 PM Moerdijk Netherlands
  • Celulosas de Asturias, S.A., Armental s/n 33710 Navia Asturias Spain
  • Ecolan Oy, Viestikatu 3 70601 KUOPIO Finland
  • EEVG Entsorgungs u.Energieverwertungsges.m.b.H., Fabriksplatz 1 4662 Steyrermühl Oberösterreich Austria
  • ELCOGAS, S.A., Carretera Calzada de Calatrava a Puertollano, km27 13500 Puertollano Ciudad Real Spain
  • Electrabel S.A., Boulevard Simon Bolivar, 34 ENGIE Tower 1000 Bruxelles Belgium
  • Elenia Lämpö Oy, Vankanlähde 7 FI-13100 Hämeenlinna Finland
  • ENCE ENERGIA HUELVA, Ctra. A-5000, Km 7,5 21007 Huelva Spain
  • ENCE ENERGIA HUELVA DOS SL, Ctra. A-5000, Km 7,5 21007 Huelva Spain
  • ENCE ENERGIA PUERTOLLANO SL, Ctra. 504, p.k. 27 13500 Puertollano Spain
  • Energía de La Loma,S.A., Calle Fuentecillas,s/n 23330 Villanueva del Arzobispo Jaen Spain
  • Energías de La Mancha,S.A., Camino rural del Baico s/n 13210 Villarta de San Juan Ciudad Real Spain
  • Extragol, S.L, C/ Matagallar s/n 29310 Villanueva de Algaidas (Málaga) España Spain
  • Fortum Power and Heat Oy, P.O.Box 1 FI-00048 FORTUM Finland
  • Grupo Empresarial ENCE, Paseo de la castellana, 35 1ª Planta 28046 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • Iggesunds Bruk, Brädgårdsgatan 1 SE 82580 Iggesund Hälsingland Sweden
  • International Paper Kwidzyn Sp. z o. o., Lotnicza 1 PL 82-500 Kwidzyn Pomorskie Poland
  • Jyväskylän Energiantuotanto Oy, PL 410 40101 Jyväskylä Finland
  • Jyväskylän Voima Oy, Keljonrannantie 276 40530 Jyväskylä Finland
  • Kainuun Voima Oy, Tehdaskatu 17 87100 Kajaani Finland
  • Kanteleen Voima Oy, Turvetie 112 PL 47 86601 Haapavesi Finland
  • Katrinefors Kraftvarme AB, box 102 54221 Mariestad Sweden
  • Kaukaan Voima Oy, Kaukaankatu 30 53200 Lappeenranta Finland
  • Kymin Voima Oy, Selluntie 3 45700 Kuusankoski Finland
  • Metsä Board Oyj, Revontulenpuisto 2 FI-02100 Espoo Finland
  • Metsä Board Sverige AB, Husums Fabrik 896 80 Husum Sweden
  • Metsä Fibre Oy, Revontulenpuisto 2 P.O.X 30 02100 Espoo Finland
  • Metsä Tissue GmbH, Theo-Strepp-Strasse 2-6 D-52372 Kreuzau Germany
  • Mondi Swiecie S.A., Bydgoska1 86-100 Swiecie Kujawsko-Pomorskie Poland
  • Mälarenergi AB, Sjöhagsvägen 3 72103 Västerås Sweden
  • Mäntän Energia Oy, Tehtaankatu 20 35800 Mänttä Finland
  • Napapiirin Energia ja Vesi Oy, Koskikatu 27 96101 Rovaniemi Finland
  • Neova Oy, Yrjönkatu 42 FI-40100 Jyväskylä Finland
  • Norske Skog Bruck GmbH, Fabriksgasse 10 8600 Bruck an der Mur Austria
  • NORSKE SKOG GOLBEY, Route Jean-Charles Pellerin 88194 GOLBEY CEDEX France
  • Oleicola El Tejar Ntra. Sra. de Araceli,SCA, Ctra. Cordoba Malaga, Km.98 14915 El Tejar Spain
  • Oulun Energia Oy, Kasarmintie 6 90130 Oulu Finland
  • Oy Alholmens Kraft Ab, PL 250 68601 Pietarsaari Finland
  • Pannon-Hő Kft., Edison str. 1. 7630 Pécs Hungary
  • PANNONGREEN Kft, Edison u.1. 7630 PECS Hungary
  • Porin Prosessivoima Oy, Titaanitie 28840 Pori Finland
  • Rauman Biovoima Oy, PL 95 26101 Rauma Finland
  • Sappi Austria Produktions-GmbH & Co.KG, Brucker Strasse 21 8101 Gratkorn Austria
  • Sappi Finland I Oy, Sappi Kirkniemi Pikkukyläntie 8 08800 Lohja Finland Finland
  • Sappi Stockstadt GmbH, Obernburger Straße 1-9 63811 Stockstadt Bavaria Germany
  • Seinäjoen Energia Oy, Varastotie 5 61000 Seinäjoki Finland
  • Seinäjoen Voima Oy, Sevontie 1 60200 Seinäjoki Finland
  • SIA FORTUM LATVIA, Rūpniecības iela 73a LV-3008 Jelgava Latvia
  • Smurfit Kappa Parenco BV, Veerweg 1 6871AV Renkum Netherlands
  • Stora Enso Langerbrugge NV, Stora Enso Langerbrugge Wondelgemkaai 200 9000 Gent Belgium
  • Stora Enso Oulu Oy, P.O.Box 196 90101 Oulu Finland
  • Stora Enso Oyj, Kanavaranta 1 FI-00160 Helsinki Finland
  • Stora Enso Publication Papers Oy Ltd, Anjala Mill FI-46900 Inkeroinen Finland
  • Södra Skogsägarna ekonomisk förening, Skogsudden SE-35189 Växjö Sweden
  • Tornion Voima Oy, Selleenkatu 95450 Tornio Finland
  • Turun Seudun Energiantuotanto Oy, Satamatie 16 21100 Naantali Finland
  • UPM Communication Papers Oy, Alvar Aalon katu 1 FI-00100 Helsinki Finland
  • UPM GmbH, Georg-Haindl-Str. 5 86153 Augsburg Germany
  • UPM Specialty Papers Oy, Alvar Aallon katu 1 FI-00100 Helsinki Finland
  • UPM-KYMMENE FRANCE, 134, rue Danton 92300 Levallois-Perret France
  • Vallviks Bruk AB, Vallviks Bruk SE-82021 Vallvik Sweden
  • Äänevoima, Kuhnamontie 2 F 200 Äänekoski Finland Finland
  • Aylesford Newsprint Limited, Bellingham Way ME20 7DL Aylesford Kent United Kingdom
  • BWSC East Anglia Limited, Chalk Lane Snetterton NR16 2JZ Norwich United Kingdom
  • BWSC North Lincs Limited, Scawby Brook DN20 9LT Brigg North Lincolnshire United Kingdom
  • Energía de La Loma,S.A., Calle Fuentecillas,s/n 23330 Villanueva del Arzobispo Jaen Spain
  • Energías de La Mancha,S.A., Camino rural del Baico s/n 13210 Villarta de San Juan Ciudad Real Spain
  • Fibrophos Limited, EPR Ltd 6 Deben Mill Business centre Old Maltings Approach IP12 1BL Woodbridge Suffolk United Kingdom
  • GREP1 Ltd, Boston Road NG34 9GH Sleaford United Kingdom
  • Model Sachsen GmbH, P.O.B 1334 04833 Eilenburg Germany
  • Stora Enso Paper AB, Stora Enso Fine Paper Nymölla mill SE-295 80 Nymölla Sweden
  • UPM Kymmene (UK) Ltd, Meadowhead Road Shewalton KA11 5AT Irvine United Kingdom

Substance names and other identifiers

Agrohamu
Registration dossier
Ash
Registration dossier
Ashes, biomass
Registration dossier
Bioash, mixed ash
Registration dossier
Mixed ashes
Registration dossier
The product from the burning of a combination of carbonaceous materials
Registration dossier
The product from the burning of a combination of carbonaceous materials.
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
The product from the burning of a combination of carbonaceous materials.
Registration dossier
The residuum from the burning of a combination of carbonaceous materials (UVCB substance)
Registration dossier
Ash
Registration dossier
BIOMINERAL
Registration dossier
Bottom ash
Registration dossier
CALCICHAP MINERAL
Registration dossier
Cendres humides
Registration dossier
Cendres volantes
Registration dossier
cenizas volantes (fly ashes)
Registration dossier
CINERIT
Registration dossier
Elurit
Registration dossier
ENRICH
Registration dossier
escorias (bottom ashes)
Registration dossier
Filler F100
Registration dossier
Filter ash
Registration dossier
Flugasche
Registration dossier
Fly ash
Registration dossier
Kirkniemen lentotuhka
Registration dossier
Kirkniemen pohjatuhka
Registration dossier
Lentotuhka
Registration dossier
Lentotuhka, Fly ash
Registration dossier
Metsätuhka
Registration dossier
Misolit
Registration dossier
Papierkalk
Registration dossier
Peltotuhka
Registration dossier
PMSA
Registration dossier
Pohjatuhka
Registration dossier
PSA
Registration dossier
Rostasche
Registration dossier
SYNSLAG
Registration dossier
Wet ash
Registration dossier

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Other (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
300 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
1 619 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1 619

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1 mg/L @ 30 °C and pH 12 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
1 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Not classified based on GHS criteria (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Kd
0.31 - 3 457.28 L/kg @ 0 - 38.9 % organic carbon [15]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 213 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 21.3 µg/L (1)
Marine water 21.3 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 1 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 4 593 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 459 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 18.762 g/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 33.3 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 57.1 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 95.9 mg/L [1]
EC100 (48 h) 180 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 32 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 3.2 - 18 mg/L [4]
LOEC (21 days) 5.6 - 32 mg/L [3]
EC50 (21 days) 7 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 8.53 - 21.2 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 5.6 mg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 10 mg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 5.85 - 7.06 mg/L [2]
EC20 (72 h) 6.52 - 8.78 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
21.3 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 28 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
Low bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 10 - 10.4 mg/m³ air [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 2 000 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Dermal route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 2 000 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 4.2 mg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 2 100 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, cattle)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Categories Display