Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
212-769-1
CAS no.:
868-14-4
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C4H5KO6
SMILES:
[K+].OC(C(O)C([O-])=O)C(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1/C4H6O6.K/c5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10;/h1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10);/q;+1/p-1
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
6
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.
According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 156 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 6 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and personal care products, inks and toners, perfumes and fragrances and washing & cleaning products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, metal working fluids, explosives, paper chemicals and dyes, plant protection products, polishes and waxes, textile treatment products and dyes and welding & soldering products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, fabricated metal products and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, metal surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products and metal working fluids.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, laboratory work, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and personal care products, pH regulators and water treatment products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, fertilisers, hydraulic fluids, lubricants and greases, perfumes and fragrances, photo-chemicals, water softeners, water treatment chemicals and extraction agents.

This substance is used in the following areas: health services and formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, food products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and fabricated metal products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites and in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 25, The Black Church St. Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • GIOVANNI RANDI SPA, Via Spallanzani 7 48018 Faenza Emilia Romagna Italy
  • novarina s.r.l., via pinerolo 35 10060 Bibiana Italy
  • PAHI SL, Av Marid 66 08028 Barcelona Catalonia Spain
  • SAS Tartric-Med, 431, rue Philippe Lamour Distillerie des Costières 30600 Vauvert France
  • TARTAROS GONZALO CASTELLO S.L., CL CONCEPCION ARENAL 32 03660 NOVELDA ALICANTE Spain

Substance names and other identifiers

Potassium bitartrate
Other
Potassium hydrogen tartrate
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy- (2R,3R)-, potassium salt (1:1)
Other
cream of tartar
Registration dossier
potassium 3-carboxy-2,3-dihydroxypropanoate
Registration dossier, Other
potassium hydrogen tartarate
Registration dossier
35-04-1
CAS number
Other
6381-58-4
CAS number
Other
868-14-4
CAS number
EC Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 24 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (96%) [24]
C Form
Crystalline (52%), Powder (33%), Solid: particulate/powder (15%) [27]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [3]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [22]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 18 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 18 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
70 - 230 °C @ 101.325 kPa [18]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 15
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
230 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Boiling point
130 - 600 °C @ 101.325 - 101.325 kPa [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
318 °C

Density

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
R Density
1.666 - 1.984 g/cm³ @ 18 - 25 °C [20]
R Relative density
1.98 @ 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 22
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.98

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
30.69 hPa @ 25.2 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Log Pow
-5.14 - -0.76 @ 25 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-5.14

Water solubility

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 27 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
400 - 1 849 000 mg/L @ 6 - 100 °C and pH 3.5 - 8.5 [32]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 21 3 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
5.7 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
209.4 - 210 °C @ 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
425 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
425 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R pH
6.5 - 8.5 @ 20 - 25 °C and 1.47 - 50 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [9]
R Dissociation constant
2.93 - 4.91 @ 15 - 25 °C [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 9
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R BOD5
401 - 409 mg O2/g test material [2]
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 10 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)
Type of water
Freshwater (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Koc
58.3 L/kg [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
58.3

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (4)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (4)
Marine water No hazard identified (4)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (4)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No hazard identified (4)
Sediment (freshwater) No exposure of sediment expected (4)
Sediment (marine water) No exposure of sediment expected (4)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (4)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No exposure of soil expected (4)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (4)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 - 1 385.96 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3 2 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
1 g/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
P/RResults
IC50 (24 h) 135 mg/L [4]
IC50 (24 h) 899 µmol/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 538.36 - 894 mg/L [5]
EC0 (32 h) 135 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 6 2 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
135 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 965 mg/L [3]
IC50 (72 h) 600 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 6 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
EC50 for marine water algae
600 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
IC50 (48 h) 4.783 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 70 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 67
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 80 studies submitted
  • 72 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 920 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [8]
LD50 4 109 mg/kg bw (mouse) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [51]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 80
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 16 studies processed
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [12]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 16
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 200 - 500 mg/kg bw (mouse) [5]
rabbit 200 - 500 mg/kg bw (mouse) [1]

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 20
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 460 - 3 200 mg/kg bw/day [8]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 32
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 2 460 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 26 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 17
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint