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Description of key information

Acute oral toxicity: 

The acute oral toxicity dose (LD50) was considered based on different studies conducted on rats for the given test chemical. The study concluded that the LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw, for acute oral toxicity. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, the given test chemical cannot be classified for acute oral toxicity.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data
Remarks:
experimental data from various test chemicals
Justification for type of information:
Data is summarized based on the available information from various test chemicals.
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: As mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
WoE report is based on 2 acute oral toxicity studies as- WoE 2 and WoE 3.
Acute oral toxicity test was carried out to study the effects of the test chemicals on rodents.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: not specified
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
2. TEST ANIMALS
- Source: National Institute of Biosciences, Pune.
- Females (if applicable) nulliparous and non-pregnant: Yes
- Age at study initiation: Female rats of the age of approximately 8 to 12 weeks old were used.
- Weight at study initiation: The weights were within ± 20% of the mean weight of any animal used for dosing. Body weight range was 190.1 to 199.9 grams.
Body weights at the start :Female Mean : 193.71 g (= 100 %); Minimum : 190.1 g (- 1.86 %); Maximum : 199.9 g (+ 3.20 %) Total No. of animals : 12
- Fasting period before study: Approximately 16 hours or more.
- Housing: The rats were housed in polycarbonate cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Rodent feed supplied by the Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune, was provided ad libitum from individual feeders.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Water was provided ad libitum from individual bottles attached to the cages. All water was from a local source and passed through the reverse osmosis membrane before use.
- Acclimation period: 5 days.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): Room temperature was maintained at 20.1 to 22.7 degree centigrade.
- Humidity (%): Room humidity was maintained at 55.1% to 61.2%.
- Air changes (per hr): The animal room was independently provided with at least ten to fifteen air changes per hour of 100% fresh air that had been passed through the HEPA filters.
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): An artificial light and dark cycle of 12 hours each was provided to the room.
3. TEST ANIMALS
- Source: National Institute of Biosciences, Pune.
- Females were nulliparous and non-pregnant: yes
- Age at study initiation: Female rats of the age of approximately 8 to 12 weeks old were used.
- Weight at study initiation: Body weight range was 202.2 to 212.5 grams.
Body weights at the start : Female Mean : 206.48 g (= 100 %); Minimum : 202.2 g (- 2.07 %); Maximum : 212.5 g (+ 2.92 %) Total No. of animals : 12
- Fasting period before study: Approximately 16 hours or more.
- Housing: The rats were housed in polycarbonate cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Rodent feed supplied by the Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune, was provided ad libitum from individual feeders.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Water was provided ad libitum from individual bottles attached to the cages. All water was from a local source and passed through the reverse osmosis membrane before use.
- Acclimation period: 5 days.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20.6 to 23.2 degree centigrade.
- Humidity (%): 55.1% to 58.6%.
- Air changes (per hr): Ten to fifteen air changes per hour.
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): An artificial light and dark cycle of 12 hours each was provided to the room.

IN-LIFE DATES: 26-09-2016 to 15-10-2016
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
other: Distilled water
Details on oral exposure:
2. VEHICLE
- Concentration in vehicle: 300 mg/kg, 300 mg/kg, 2000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10 ml/kg body weight.
3. VEHICLE
- Concentration in vehicle: 300 mg/kg, 300 mg/kg, 2000 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10 ml/kg body weight.
Doses:
2. Dose Group I : 300 mg/kg
Dose Group I : 300 mg/kg
Dose Group II : 2000 mg/kg
Dose Group II : 2000 mg/kg
3. Dose Group I : 300 mg/kg
Dose Group I : 300 mg/kg
Dose Group II : 2000 mg/kg
Dose Group II : 2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
2. Three females were used at each step.
3. Three females were used at each step.
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
2. - Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Twice daily
- Necropsy of survivors performed: Yes
- Other examinations performed: Clinical Observations and General Appearance: Animals were observed for clinical signs, mortality and morbidity, until sacrifice.
Onset, duration and severity of any sign were recorded. The clinical signs and mortality observations were conducted at immediately (0 to 5 minutes), 5, 10, 30, 60 minutes, 2, 4 and 6 hours on the day of dosing and once daily thereafter for 14 day. Daily observation was done as far as possible at the same time.
Body weights: Individual animal body weights were recorded, before fasting, prior to administration of the test item (fasting body weights), weekly thereafter and at termination on day 14. Weight changes were calculated and recorded.
Gross Pathology: Necropsy was performed on all animals at the end of the study period on day 15. Macroscopic examination of all the orifices, cavities and tissues were made and the findings were recorded. All animals surviving the study period were sacrificed by the carbon dioxide asphyxiation technique.
3. - Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Twice daily
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: Clinical Observations and General Appearance: Animals were observed for clinical signs, mortality and morbidity, until sacrifice. Onset, duration and severity of any sign were recorded. The clinical signs and mortality observations were conducted at immediately (0 to 5 minutes), 5, 10, 30, 60 minutes, 2, 4 and 6 hours on the day of dosing and once daily thereafter for 14 day. Daily observation was done as far as possible at the same time.
Body weights: Individual animal body weights were recorded, before fasting, prior to administration of the test item (fasting body weights), weekly thereafter and at termination on day 14. Weight changes were calculated and recorded.
Gross Pathology: Necropsy was performed on all animals at the end of the study period on day 15. Macroscopic examination of all the orifices, cavities and tissues were made and the findings were recorded. All animals surviving the study period were sacrificed by the carbon dioxide asphyxiation technique.
Histopathology: No gross abnormalities were observed in animals sacrificed terminally hence, no histopathology was performed.
Statistics:
No data
Preliminary study:
No data
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Remarks:
2 and 3
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: no mortality was observed
Mortality:
2. Group I Step I: Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I Step II: Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step I: Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step II: Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
3. Group I Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group I Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight: All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.
Clinical signs:
2. Group I Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days.
Group I Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours after the dosing. All animals were free of signs of toxicity on day 1 after the dosing.
Group II Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours after the dosing. All animals were free of signs of toxicity on day 1 after the dosing.
Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item.
3. Group I Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days.
Group I Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days.
Group II Step I : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours after the dosing. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days and were free of signs of toxicity on day 1 after the dosing.
Group II Step II : Animals treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours after the dosing. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days and were free of signs of toxicity on day 1 after the dosing.
Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item.
Body weight:
2. Group I Step I (300 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 3.65% and 12.94% respectively.
Group I Step II (300 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 4.44% and 13.52% respectively.
Group II Step I (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 3.92% and 13.72% respectively.
Group II Step II (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 5.06% and 14.58% respectively.
3. Group I Step I (300 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 2.38% and 10.02% respectively.
Group I Step II (300 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 3.43% and 11.33% respectively.
Group II Step I (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 3.51% and 11.89% respectively.
Group II Step II (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 3.06% and 11.09% respectively.
Gross pathology:
2. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups.
3. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups.
Other findings:
No data
Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Conclusions:
The test chemical cannot be classified for acute oral toxicity, as the LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw according to CLP regulation.
Executive summary:

In different studies, the given test chemical has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in-vivo experiments in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for the given test chemical. The studies are summarized as below -

 

A study was designed and conducted to determine the acute oral toxicity profile of the test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats.12 female, nulliparous and non-pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were used for the study. The single dose of test item was administered to fasted rats (approximately 16 hours or more) by oral intubation, using a ball-tipped intubation needle fitted onto a syringe of appropriate size. Doses were calculated using recent (after fasting) body weights. 10 ml per kg of body weight was considered the maximum volume which could be administered to a rat. Animals were given food 3-4 hours after test item administration. Initially, three female animals were treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality at 24 hours after the dosing. As no mortality was observed at 24 hours after the dosing, three female animals were added to the study and treated with the same dose of 300 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality after the dosing. No mortality was observed at 300 mg/kg dose group, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. As no mortality were observed at 24 hours after the dosing, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. All animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups survived through the study period of 14 days. Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups. It was concluded that the acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of test chemical when administered to Sprague Dawley rats was considered to be >2000 mg/kg body weight. Thus by considering the CLP criteria for acute toxicity rating for the chemicals, it can be inferred that the test chemical does not exhibit acute toxicity by the oral route and can be considered as “Not Classified”.

 

The above study is supported with the data available in study report for the given test chemical. The reported study was designed and conducted to determine the acute oral toxicity profile in Sprague Dawley rats. Initially, three female animals were treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality at 24 hours after the dosing. As no mortality was observed at 24 hours after the dosing, three female animals were added to the study and treated with the same dose of 300 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality after the dosing. No mortality was observed at 300 mg/kg dose group, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. As no mortality were observed at 24 hours after the dosing, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. All animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups survived through the study period of 14 days. Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups. It was concluded that the acute oral toxicity dose (LD50) value was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw, when Sprague Dawley rats were treated with the given test chemical via oral route.

  

Thus, based on the above summarised studies on test chemical, it can be concluded that LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw, for acute oral toxicity. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, the given test chemical cannot be classified for acute oral toxicity.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
2 000 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from handbook or collection of data.

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Acute oral toxicity:

In different studies, the given test chemical has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in-vivo experiments in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for the given test chemical. The studies are summarized as below -

 

A study was designed and conducted to determine the acute oral toxicity profile of the test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats.12 female, nulliparous and non-pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were used for the study. The single dose of test item was administered to fasted rats (approximately 16 hours or more) by oral intubation, using a ball-tipped intubation needle fitted onto a syringe of appropriate size. Doses were calculated using recent (after fasting) body weights. 10 ml per kg of body weight was considered the maximum volume which could be administered to a rat. Animals were given food 3-4 hours after test item administration. Initially, three female animals were treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality at 24 hours after the dosing. As no mortality was observed at 24 hours after the dosing, three female animals were added to the study and treated with the same dose of 300 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality after the dosing. No mortality was observed at 300 mg/kg dose group, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. As no mortality were observed at 24 hours after the dosing, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. All animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups survived through the study period of 14 days. Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups. It was concluded that the acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of test chemical when administered to Sprague Dawley rats was considered to be >2000 mg/kg body weight. Thus by considering the CLP criteria for acute toxicity rating for the chemicals, it can be inferred that the test chemical does not exhibit acute toxicity by the oral route and can be considered as “Not Classified”.

 

The above study is supported with the data available in study report for the given test chemical. The reported study was designed and conducted to determine the acute oral toxicity profile in Sprague Dawley rats. Initially, three female animals were treated at the dose level of 300 mg/kg body weight of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality at 24 hours after the dosing. As no mortality was observed at 24 hours after the dosing, three female animals were added to the study and treated with the same dose of 300 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 300 mg/kg did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality after the dosing. No mortality was observed at 300 mg/kg dose group, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - I). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. As no mortality were observed at 24 hours after the dosing, hence additional three female animals were treated with the higher dose of 2000 mg/kg of the test item (Step - II). Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg resulted in diarrhoea (reddish colour stools) in all animals with onset at 2 hours and no mortality after the dosing. All animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups survived through the study period of 14 days. Staining of the stool is attributed to the reddish colour of the test item. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 300 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg dose groups. It was concluded that the acute oral toxicity dose (LD50) value was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw, when Sprague Dawley rats were treated with the given test chemical via oral route.

  

Thus, based on the above summarised studies on test chemical, it can be concluded that LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw, for acute oral toxicity. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, the given test chemical cannot be classified for acute oral toxicity.

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the above studies on test chemical, it can be concluded that LD50 value is >2000 mg/kg bw, for acute oral toxicity. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, the given test chemical cannot be classified for acute oral toxicity.