Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
206-104-4
CAS no.:
301-04-2
Index number:
082-005-00-8
Molecular formula:
C2H4O2.1/2Pb
SMILES:
[PbH2++].CC([O-])=O.CC([O-])=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2C2H4O2.Pb.2H/c2*1-2(3)4;;;/h2*1H3,(H,3,4);;;/q;;+2;;/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
8
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may damage the unborn child and is suspected of damaging fertility, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is suspected of causing cancer, may cause harm to breast-fed children, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled and causes serious eye damage.

Breakdown of all 407 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Repr. 1A H360Df Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 2 H373 Harmonised Classification
Not Classified
STOT RE 1 H372
Carc. 2 H351
Lact. H362
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Carc. 1B H350
STOT SE 1 H370
Muta. 2 H341
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L, Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • R
There is no overall agreement among data submitters, but a minority indicate they consider this substance as Toxic to Reproduction (14.29% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 7 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 to < 100 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development and health services.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, as processing aid and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and transfer of chemicals.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Algol Chemicals AS, c/o ECIT Veiby Akonto AS Hvervenmoen 49 3511 Hønefoss Norway
  • Boliden Kokkola Oy, Sinkkiaukio 1 67900 Kokkola Finland
  • Boliden Odda AS, Eitrheim 5750 Odda Norway
  • Cfm Oskar Tropitzsch GmbH, Adalbert-Zoellner-Str. 1 95615 Marktredwitz Germany
  • Honeywell Specialty Chemicals Seelze GmbH, Wunstorfer Str. 40 30926 Seelze Deutschland Germany
  • Laborchemie Apolda GmbH, Utenbacher Straße 72-74 99510 Apolda Germany
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 250 64293 Darmstadt Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Acetic acid, lead(2+) salt (2:1)
Other
LEAD ACETATE
Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, ROHS - Exemptions from Art. 4(1) Restrictions, Annexes III & IV
Lead di(acetate)
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Lead di(acetate)
C&L Inventory, Candidate list, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Bleidi(acetat) (de)
C&L Inventory
blydi(acetat) (da)
C&L Inventory
blydi(acetat) (no)
C&L Inventory
blydiacetat (sv)
C&L Inventory
di(acetato) de chumbo (pt)
C&L Inventory
di(acetato) de plomo (es)
C&L Inventory
di(acetato) di piombo (it)
C&L Inventory
di(acétate) de plomb (fr)
C&L Inventory
dioctan ołowiu (pl)
C&L Inventory
looddi(acetaat) (nl)
C&L Inventory
lyijydi(asetaatti) (fi)
C&L Inventory
octan olovnatý (cs)
C&L Inventory
octan olovnatý (sk)
C&L Inventory
octan ołowiawy (pl)
C&L Inventory
octan ołowiu(II) (pl)
C&L Inventory
olovni di(acetat) (hr)
C&L Inventory
Pliidiatsetaat (et)
C&L Inventory
plumb di(acetat) (ro)
C&L Inventory
svina diacetāts (lv)
C&L Inventory
svinčev di(acetat) (sl)
C&L Inventory
ólom-diacetát (hu)
C&L Inventory
švino di(acetatas) (lt)
C&L Inventory
δι(οξικος) μόλυβδος (el)
C&L Inventory
оловен ди(aцетат) (bg)
C&L Inventory
Acetic acid, lead(2+) salt (2:1)
Other
Lead (ll) acetate trihydrate
C&L Inventory
Lead acetate
C&L Inventory
Lead acetate, Lead(II) acetate, lead(2+) diacetate
Registration dossier
Lead di(acetate)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Lead di(acetate)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
lead(2+) diacetate
C&L Inventory, Other
lead(2+);diacetate
Registration dossier
Lead(II) acetate
Registration dossier
Lead(II) Acetate [for Perovskite precursor]
C&L Inventory
lead(II) diethanoate-3-water
C&L Inventory
Lead(II) ethanoate
Registration dossier
Plomo(II) Acetato 3-hidrato
C&L Inventory
Lead diacetate
Registration dossier
Name Lead di(acetate)
Registration dossier
082-005-00-8
Index number
C&L Inventory
301-04-2
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Candidate list, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, ROHS - Exemptions from Art. 4(1) Restrictions, Annexes III & IV, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
6080-56-4
CAS number
C&L Inventory

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Solid: crystalline (33%), Solid: particulate/powder (33%), Powder (33%) [3]
C Odour
Other (67%), Odourless (33%) [3]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)
Form
Solid: particulate/powder (50%), Other (50%)
Colour
white (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
75 - 501 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
501 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
950 - 951 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
950 °C

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Density
5.98 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
2.55 - 5.98 @ 19 - 20 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
2.55 - 5.85

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
15.7 hPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-0.17 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.17

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
7.6 - 443 g/L @ 8.9 - 31.9 °C and pH 4.1 - 4.29 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Water solubility
10 - 1 000 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Not classified based on GHS criteria (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in soil
24 min @ 10 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 47 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 47
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
1 553 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 28
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 42 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R log Kd
4.4 - 4.57 dimensionless @ 15 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 18 2 19
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 2.4 - 4.9 µg/L (3)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water 3.3 - 5.5 µg/L (3)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 - 157 µg/L (3)
Sediment (freshwater) 174 - 273 mg/kg sediment dw (3)
Sediment (marine water) 164 - 257 mg/kg sediment dw (3)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (4)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 212 - 332 mg/kg soil dw (3)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 10.9 - 17.1 mg/kg food (3)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 46 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (49 days) 280.2 µg/L [1]
LC50 (4 days) 40.8 - 40 540 µg/L [72]
LC50 (48 h) 114 - 610 µg/L [4]
LC10 (49 days) 55.6 µg/L [1]
LC10 (4 days) 304.3 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence 45
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 28 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 months) 48 µg/L [1]
NOEC (84 days) 39.4 - 176.3 µg/L [2]
NOEC (60 days) 70 - 136 µg/L [2]
NOEC (53 days) 13.3 - 26.8 µg/L [3]
NOEC (52 days) 126 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 18
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 174 studies submitted
  • 109 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 35 - 6 820 µg/L [54]
LC50 (48 h) 26 - 3 115.8 µg/L [84]
LC50 (24 h) 280 - 27 850 µg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 111.2 - 252.3 µg/L [8]
EC10 (48 h) 9 - 1 409.6 µg/L [14]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 16
Supporting study 63
Weight of evidence 95
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 78 studies submitted
  • 44 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4.267 months) 143.3 - 757.2 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 months) 12 µg/L [1]
NOEC (42 days) 5.9 - 63 µg/L [4]
NOEC (34 days) 109 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 14 - 31 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 29
Supporting study 34
Weight of evidence 15
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 65 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 20.5 - 364 µg/L [29]
EC50 (48 h) 21.7 - 388 µg/L [8]
NOEC (4 days) 22.7 - 192.3 µg/L [4]
LOEC (4 days) 44.3 - 298.1 µg/L [4]
EC10 (4 days) 29.4 - 1 231.8 µg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 13
Supporting study 48
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 1.07 - 8.53 µmol/L [7]
IC10 (7 days) 29.5 - 643.2 µg/L [6]
IC10 (7 days) 0.148 - 6.22 µmol/L [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
IC50 (9 h) 180 mg/L [1]
EC10 (24 h) 7 mg/L [1]
IC10 (24 h) 1 - 2.79 mg/L [3]
IC10 (60 min) 2.92 - 9.59 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 15 1
Weight of evidence 9
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
1 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 1 699 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 503 - 4 719 mg/kg sediment dw [12]
NOEC (21 days) 1 126 - 2 903 mg/kg sediment dw [5]
NOEC (20 days) 3 390 - 5 230 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
LOEC (35 days) 2 734 mg/kg sediment dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 13
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.733 months) 130 - 564 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (56 days) 468 - 2 202 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 400 - 6 078 mg/kg soil dw [6]
NOEC (21 days) 608 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (84 days) 2.03 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (35 days) 360 - 1 200 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 193 - 4 718 mg/kg soil dw [19]
NOEC (42 days) 400 - 3 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (36 days) 750 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 34 - 7 020 mg/kg soil dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 15 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4.433 months) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (42 days) 150 - 287 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (30 days) 527 - 722 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (21 days) 374 - 7 190 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (5 days) 89 - 169 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 15
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 35 studies submitted
  • 22 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.726 years) 8.042 g/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.534 years) 8.13 g/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (10.033 months) 163 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 810 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (21 days) 500 - 3 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence 10
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 months) 50 mg/kg diet [3]
NOEC (84 days) 25 - 2 000 mg/kg diet [7]
NOEC (75 days) 100 mg/kg diet [4]
NOEC (70 days) 200 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (60 days) 264 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 14
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
100 mg/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.227 years) 550 mg/kg diet [2]
NOEC (1.159 years) 64 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (11.1 months) 512 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (6.3 months) 1 000 mg/kg diet [3]
NOEC (84 days) 1 000 mg/kg diet [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 13
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [8]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence 7
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.05 mg/L air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [4]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5 mg/L air
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irreversible damage)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LOAEL (rat): 200 ppm [1]
NOEL (rat): 0.002 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOEL (rat): 0.005 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 44 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 22 2
Weight of evidence 18
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study 24
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 7.8 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant