Substance Information

NB: Registration status and tonnage

  • The REACH Registered substance portal was updated on 9th November 2020; the REACH registered factsheets were further updated on 21st December 2020. Details of the improvements can be found at Dissemination Platform Updates. Reprocessing the entire dataset is ongoing since 21 December 2020. ECHA is making all possible efforts to synchronise the registration status and tonnage with the shortest delay.
  • While reprocessing is ongoing please note that substances whose registration dossiers are not yet processed can incorrectly state in the Infocard that they are not registered under REACH. In these cases if there is a link to a REACH registered substance factsheet then the substance IS registered. The correct total tonnage band can be found in the factsheet(s) for the substance.

Lactic acid

EC / List no.: 200-018-0

CAS no.: 50-21-5

Mol. formula: C3H6O3

formula

There is no harmonised classification and there are no notified hazards by manufacturers, importers or downstream users for this substance.

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 to < 1 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Biocidal Uses

This substance is approved in the EEA and/or Switzerland for use in biocidal products more favourable for the environment, human or animal health. It is an authorised food additive.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, anti-freeze products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, lubricants and greases, polishes and waxes and washing & cleaning products.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting) and of articles where the substances are not intended to be released and where the conditions of use do not promote release.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines).
This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, fertilisers, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids, polishes and waxes, textile treatment products and dyes, washing & cleaning products, cosmetics and personal care products and pH regulators and water treatment products.
This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, coating products, laboratory chemicals, non-metal-surface treatment products, washing & cleaning products, water treatment chemicals, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and finger paints.
This substance is used in the following areas: mining and agriculture, forestry and fishing.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and food products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, formulation of mixtures and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

Manufacture

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data on substances as held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The InfoCard is automatically generated. Information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be up–to–date or complete. Substance manufacturers and importers are responsible for consulting official publications. This InfoCard is covered by the ECHA Legal Disclaimer.

ECHA logo about INFOCARD - Last updated: 05/05/2021

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