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copper

covering copper; copper, granulated

EC / List no.: 231-159-6

CAS no.: 7440-50-8

Mol. formula: Cu

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GHS09: Hazardous to the Environment

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is toxic if inhaled, is harmful if swallowed and causes serious eye irritation.

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Biocidal Uses

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: preventing fouling.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection, drinking water, preservation for liquid systems, preventing fouling.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal working fluids, welding & soldering products, cosmetics and personal care products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, laboratory chemicals, paper chemicals and dyes, polishes and waxes and polymers.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

Article service life

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), vehicles and electrical batteries and accumulators.
This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: metals and welding & soldering products.
This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, machinery and vehicles, furniture and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: metals, semiconductors, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, coating products, metal working fluids, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products) and plant protection products.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), manufacturing of the substance, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and as processing aid.

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids, welding & soldering products and semiconductors.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles, chemicals and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), as processing aid, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and manufacturing of the substance.

Manufacture

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, as processing aid and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting).

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data on substances as held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The InfoCard is automatically generated. Information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be up–to–date or complete. Substance manufacturers and importers are responsible for consulting official publications. This InfoCard is covered by the ECHA Legal Disclaimer.

ECHA logo about INFOCARD - Last updated: 05/12/2019

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