Substance Information

Nitric acid

EC / List no.: 231-714-2

CAS no.: 7697-37-2

Mol. formula: HNO3

formula
GHS03: Oxidising GHS05: Corrosive GHS06: Acute Toxicity

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is fatal if inhaled, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, may intensify fire (oxidiser), causes serious eye damage and may be corrosive to metals.

This substance is covered by several Harmonised Classifications and Labelling's (CLH) entries approved by the European Union. Differentiating between the different CLH's entries requires manual verification. To know more about the CLH please visit the C&L Inventory.

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 000 000 to < 100 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, fertilisers, polishes and waxes and air care products.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use as reactive substance.

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use as reactive substance.
ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, washing & cleaning products, metal surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products and laboratory chemicals.
This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing, scientific research and development, building & construction work and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: food products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and fabricated metal products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use as reactive substance.

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products and fertilisers.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites, manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, washing & cleaning products, non-metal-surface treatment products, metal surface treatment products, water treatment chemicals, semiconductors and laboratory chemicals.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, food products, plastic products, fabricated metal products and metals.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation of mixtures, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and manufacturing of the substance.

Manufacture

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, as processing aid, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and in processing aids at industrial sites.

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data on substances as held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The InfoCard is automatically generated. Information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be up–to–date or complete. Substance manufacturers and importers are responsible for consulting official publications. This InfoCard is covered by the ECHA Legal Disclaimer.

ECHA logo about INFOCARD - Last updated: 30/06/2022