Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

No image available
EC / List no.:
231-159-6
CAS no.:
7440-50-8
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Cu
SMILES:
[Cu]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Cu
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
61
Of which contain:
2 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is toxic if inhaled, is harmful if swallowed and causes serious eye irritation.

Breakdown of all 3494 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Not Classified
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
STOT SE 3 H335
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
STOT SE 2 H371
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
STOT RE 2 H373
https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Nanomaterial form

Substance is known to be on the EEA market in nanomaterial form, as listed in the EUON Nanomaterials in the EU market list.

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 218 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: preventing fouling.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection, drinking water, preservation for liquid systems.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal working fluids, welding & soldering products, cosmetics and personal care products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, laboratory chemicals, paper chemicals and dyes, polishes and waxes, polymers and non-metal-surface treatment products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), vehicles and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, coating products, metal surface treatment products and non-metal-surface treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, machinery and vehicles, furniture and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, semiconductors, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, coating products, metal working fluids, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products) and plant protection products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), manufacturing of the substance, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, lubricants and greases, welding & soldering products, metal working fluids, semiconductors and coating products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles, chemicals and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), as processing aid, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, as processing aid and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting).

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Rinse the mouth. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. Call a poison center or doctor/physician. Follow specific treatment (see label). If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • A.M.P.E.R.E. ALLOYS, 12 Mail Joliot Curie 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • A.M.P.E.R.E. Deutschland GmbH, Emil-von-Behring Strasse 7-9 63128 DIETZENBACH Germany
  • AETC LTD (OR), Victoria Avenue Yeadon LS19 7AW Leeds West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Air Products Sp. z o.o., Komitetu Obrony Robotników 48 02-146 Warszawa Poland
  • Allgemeine Gold- und Silberscheideanstalt AG, 17 Kanzlerstrasse PO Box 10 01 40 75175 Pforzheim Germany
  • ALUMINIO ESPAÑOL, S.L.U, Pedro Teixeira, 8 (tercera planta) 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Aluminium Pechiney (3), 725 rue Aristide Bergès B.P. 7 38341 Voreppe France
  • Amalgamated Metal Corporation Plc, 55 Bishopsgate EC2N 3AH London United Kingdom
  • Ames Goldsmith UK Ltd, C/O adams & Co accountants 2 millers bridge L20 8LH Liverpool United Kingdom
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 07, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 08, The Black Church St Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Antofagasta plc, 33 King Street, St. Jame´s SW1Y 6RJ London United Kingdom
  • Antofagasta plc, 33 King Street, St Jame´s SW1Y 6RJ London United Kingdom
  • Arconic Extrusions Hannover GmbH, Goettinger Chausee 12-14 30453 Hannover Germany
  • Arrandene MFG Ltd, Breakspear Park Breakspear Way HP2 4TZ Hemel Hempstead Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • ARTHENICE SARL, 174 boulevard Haussmann 75008 PARIS France
  • Asarel Medet JSC, Panagyurishte 4500 Panagyurishte Bulgaria Bulgaria
  • Atlantic Copper S.L.U (OR of Sociedad Contractual Minera El Abra), Avenida Francisco Montenegro s/n 21001 Huelva Huelva Spain
  • Atlantic Copper S.L.U (OR of Sociedad Minera Cerro Verde S.A.A.), Avenida Francisco Montenegro s/n 21001 Huelva Huelva Spain
  • ATLANTIC COPPER S.L.U., Avenida Francisco Montenegro s/n 21001 Huelva Huelva Spain
  • Atlantic Copper S.L.U. (OR of Tenke Fungurume Mining S.A.R.L.), Avenida Francisco Montenegro s/n 21001 Huelva Huelva Spain
  • AURA METALS LTD, 9 Beauchamp Place Sw 3 1 NQ London London United Kingdom
  • Aurubis AG, Hovestrasse 50 20539 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Aurubis Belgium S.A./N.V., Watertorenstraat 35 2250 Olen Belgium
  • Aurubis Bulgaria, Industrial Zone 2070 Pirdop Bulgaria
  • Aurubis Finland Oy, Kuparitie, P.O. Box 60 FI-28101 Pori Finland
  • Aurubis Italia S.R.L., Nucleo Industriale Pianodardine 83100 Avellino Italy
  • AURUBIS NETHERLANDS B.V., Oostzeestraat 1 P.O. Box 2 7200 AA Zutphen Netherlands
  • B-Lands Consulting (811114-6), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111157-5), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111158-8), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1510 36860 Grenoble France France
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • Blue Frog Scientific EURL, 967 Route de la Plaine La Plaine 26400 Chabrillan France
  • Bluequest Resources (Europe) B.V., Schiekade 830 3032 AL Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Boliden Commercial AB, Klarabergsviadukten 90 C SE-10135 Stockholm Sweden
  • Boliden Harjavalta Oy, Teollisuuskatu 1 29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Boliden Mineral AB, Rönnskärsverken 93281 Skelleftehamn Sweden
  • Bruker EAS GmbH, Ehrichstrasse 10 63450 Hanau Germany
  • Ca.Metal, Corso Italia, 106 33050 Ronchis Italy
  • CABLO Metall-Recycling & Handel GmbH, Flugplatzstrasse 1-2 16833 Fehrbellin Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B,Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • CAME srl, Via Lepetit 40 20020 Lainate MI Italy
  • CARLO COLOMBO S.P.A., VIA REGONA 3 26026 PIZZIGHETTONE Italy
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemieservice Dr. Stoeber (A), Ankerstrasse 3c D-06108 Halle/Saale Germany
  • Chemservice GmbH - (AF2Q), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • Chile Copper Limited, 27 Albemarle Street W1S 4HZ London United Kingdom
  • Chimet s.p.a., Via dei Laghi 31/33 52041 Badia al Pino (AR) Toscana Italy
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • COBRE LAS CRUCES, S.A, Ctra. SE-3410, km 4.100 41860 Gerena Sevilla Spain
  • Comarco S.p.A. OR for Mexicana de Cobre, Piazza della Vittoria 10 16121 Genova Italy
  • Comarco SpA OR for Buenavista del Cobre S.A. de C.V., Piazza della Vittoria 10 16121 Genova Italy
  • Comarco Spa OR for S.P.C.C., Piazza della Vittoria 10 16121 Genova Italy
  • Concord Resources Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • CONSTELLIUM ISSOIRE, rue Yves Lamourdedieu 63502 Issoire France
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 2M-4, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE11NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • CUNEXT COPPER INDUSTRIES, S.L., AVDA. DE LA FABRICA, S/N 14005 CORDOBA ESPAÑA Spain
  • DODUCO Contacts and Refining GmbH, Im Altgefäll 12 75181 Pforzheim Germany
  • ECKA Granules Germany GmbH, Eckastraße 1 91235 Velden Germany
  • Eckart GmbH, Guentersthal 4 D-91235 Hartenstein Bavaria Germany
  • Eckart GmbH - EA, Güntersthal 4 91235 Hartenstein Germany
  • ECO-RIGEN S.R.L., Contrada Piana del Signore c/o Gela Refinery 93012 Gela Italy
  • edding International GmbH, Bookkoppel 7 22926 Ahrensburg Germany
  • EGA EU Imports S.r.l., Via San Luca 10 CAP 20122 Milan Italy
  • EGA EU Imports s.r.l., Via San Luca 10 CAP 20122 Milan Italy
  • Electro Optical Systems Finland Oy, Lemminkäisenkatu 36 20520 Turku Finland
  • ELVALHALCOR S.A., 62nd km Nat. Road Athens - Lamia GR 320 11 Inofyta Viotia Greece
  • ENRC Leasing B.V., Only Representative of Chambishi Metals PLC, Jan Luijkenstraat 8 bg 1071 Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ERM GmbH OR20 CMCCL, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Germany
  • ERM GmbH OR21 MEL, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Germany
  • ERM GmbH OR22 ODCPL, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Germany
  • ERM GmbH OR24 MSSA, Siemenstrasse 9. 63263 Neu Isenburg Germany
  • EURECAT FRANCE SAS, 121 ave Marie Curie ZI Jean Jaurès 07800 La Voulte sur Rhône France
  • Evonik Operations GmbH, Rellinghauser Straße 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Fagor Ederlan, S.Coop., Torrabaso Pasealekua, 7 20540 Eskoriatza Spain
  • FELDER GMBH, Im Lipperfeld 11 46047 Oberhausen NRW Germany
  • Fenix Metals Sp. z o.o, Ul. Strefowa 13 39-442 Chmielów Poland
  • Forgital Italy S.p.A., Via Spezzapria 1 36010 Seghe di Velo d'Astico VI Italy
  • FUSION AUTOMATION INC, BARROWS ROAD THE PINNACLES CM19 5FD HARLOW ESSEX United Kingdom
  • G. A. SIDERIS LTD. - ANSID CORPORATION, Fleming 24 18344 Moschato Attica Greece
  • GE Avio S.r.l., via I Maggio 99 10040 Rivalta di Torino (TO) Italy
  • Gerli Metalli Spa, Viale Sabotino 19/2 20135 Milano Italy
  • GGP Metalpowder AG, Kaiserstrasse 30 90763 Fürth Bayern Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore Nikkelverk AS, Vesterveien 31 4606 Kristiansand Norway
  • Global Product Compliance (Europe) AB, IDEON, Beta 5, Scheelevägen 17 223 63 Lund Sweden
  • Grow Axio s.r.o., Zenklova 24/54 18000 Praha 8 Libeň Czech Republic
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • HALMA Handels GmbH, Reichstratsstrasse 11/3 1010 Wien Austria
  • HARRIS EURO, S.L.U., Arq. Ricard Giralt S/N nave 6 17600 Figueres / Girona Spain
  • HELLENIC COPPER MINES LTD, 5 Skouriotissas Street 2835 Katydata NICOSIA Cyprus
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Heraeus Additive Manufacturing GmbH, Heraeusstrasse 12-14 63450 Hanau Germany
  • HH Compliance Ltd, Rubicon Building CIT Campus T12 Y275 Bishopstown Cork Ireland
  • HH Compliance Ltd, Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • Hoeganaes Corporation Europe S.A., 33 Urziceni Street 120226 Buzau Buzau Romania
  • HOESCH Metals and Alloys, Neue Strasse 21 52332 Niederzier Germany
  • Husqvarna AB, Drottninggatan 2 56182 Huskvarna Sweden
  • Hydro Aluminium Rolled Products GmbH, Aluminiumstrasse 1 41415 Grevenbroich Germany
  • Höganäs Sweden AB, Bruksgatan 26383 Höganäs Sweden
  • IMR metal powder technologies GmbH, Jessenigst 4 9220 Lind ob Velden Kärnten Austria
  • IMT ITALIA S.P.A., Via Kennedy 4/A 24040 Ciserano (BG) Italy
  • INOPOWDERS S.A.S, 5 Avenue Ingres 75016 PARIS France
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 13, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Italbras S.p.A., Strata del Balsego 6 36100 Vicenza Italy
  • IXM B.V., Schiphol Boulevard 359 1118 BJ Amsterdam Schiphol Netherlands
  • J.P. Morgan Commodities Holdings IV B.V., Fred. Roeskestraat 123 1076 EE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Johnson Matthey PLC, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • Kaiser Aluminum France, SAS, 23, rue du Roule 75001 Paris France
  • KGHM Metraco S.A., Sw. M. Kolbe 9 59-220 Legnica Dolny Slask Poland
  • KGHM Polska Miedz S.A., ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 48 59-301 Lubin Poland
  • KME France SAS, 11 bis rue de l'hotel de ville 92400 COURBEVOIE France
  • Kme Italy S.p.a, via della repubblica 257 55051 Fornaci di barga Italy
  • KME Mansfeld GmbH, Lichtlöcherberg 40 06333 Hettstedt Germany
  • KME Special Products GmbH, Klosterstraße 29 49074 Osnabrück Germany
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • LA FARGA ROD, SLU, Road C-17z, Km 73,5 08508 LES MASIES DE VOLTREGA BARCELONA Spain
  • LA FARGA YOURCOPPERSOLUTIONS, SA, Ctra. C-17z, km 73,5 08509 LES MASIES DE VOLTREGA BARCELONA Spain
  • LECO EUROPE BV, VOUERSWEG 118 6161 AG GELEEN Netherlands
  • Lucas-Milhaupt Riberac, ZAE Chaumes BP 27 24600 Riberac France
  • Luvata Pori Oy, Kuparitie 5 28101 Pori Finland
  • Makin Metal Powders(UK) Ltd, Buckley Road OL12 9DT Rochdale Lancashire United Kingdom
  • MAXAM Detines d.o.o, Martinska Ves 44201 Mahovo Vrbovec Croatia
  • MBS JSC, 10 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 10 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia Sredets Region Bulgaria
  • MEC Europe GmbH, Heidenkampsweg 56 – 58 20097 Hamburg Germany
  • Metallo Belgium NV, Nieuwe Dreef 33 B-2340 Beerse Antwerp Belgium
  • Metallum Metal Trading GmbH, Alter Hellweg 33 D-44379 Dortmund Germany
  • Miba Gleitlager Austria GmbH, Dr. Mitterbauer Strasse 3 4663 Laakirchen Austria
  • Mikometals Srl Italy, Via Principe Tommaso 55 10125 Turin Italy
  • Mitsubishi Corporation International (Europe) PIc, Mid City Place 71 High Holborn WC1V 6BA London United Kingdom
  • Mitsui & Co. Europe PLC London Branch, 1 St Martin's Le Grand EC1A 4AS London United Kingdom
  • momaja s.r.o, Karolinska 650/1 186 00 Prague 8 Czech Republic
  • Montanwerke Brixlegg AG, Werkstraße 1 6230 Brixlegg Tirol Austria
  • Mueller Europe, Oxford Street Bilston WV14 7DS Bilston West Midalnds United Kingdom
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(033) Germany
  • NEOCHIMIE, 5 Rue Antoine Balard 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • Nexans Deutschland Gmbh, Kabelkamp 20 30179 Hannover Germany
  • Nexans France, Le Vinci - 4 allée de l'Arche CS 70088 92070 Paris La Défense Cedex France
  • Noble Resources UK Limited, 33 Cavendish Square W1G 0PW London United Kingdom
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy (POLAR), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy(KOLA), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Oerlikon Metco Europe GmbH, Spreestrasse 2 65451 Kelsterbach Hessen Germany
  • Panagyurishte copper company JSC, 7, Ivan Voyvodov 4400 Pazardzhik Bulgaria
  • Pometon Spa, via circonvallazione 62 30030 Martellago venice Italy
  • Portovesme s.r.l., S.P. n. 2 Carbonia-Portoscuso km 16.5 09010 Portoscuso Carbonia-Iglesias Italy
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPM Pure Metals GmbH, Hoppenstedter Strasse 6 38835 Osterwieck Germany
  • Praxair Surface Technologies GmbH, Am Muehlbach 13 87487 Wiggensbach Germany
  • Profilglass, meda 28 61030 Bellocchi di Fano Pesaro Italy
  • Raffmetal S.p.A., via Malpaga, 82 25070 Casto Brescia Italy
  • RCL Ireland (010), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RCL Ireland (012), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RCL Ireland (015), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RCL Ireland (016), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 Box 5 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • Rio Tinto Iron and Titanium GmbH (2), Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Rio Tinto Iron and titanium GmbH (6), Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • RMM Metallhandel GmbH, Solinger Strasse 16 45481 Mülheim an der Ruhr NRW Germany
  • SAXONIA Technical Materials GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau Germany
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Schlenk Metallic Pigments GmbH, Barnsdorfer Hauptstr.5 91154 Roth Germany
  • Scholz Recycling GmbH, Berndt-Ulrich-Scholz-Str.1 73457 Essingen Germany
  • Schwermetall Halbzeugwerk GmbH & Co. KG, Breiniger Berg 165 D 52223 Stolberg Germany
  • Shell Catalyst & Technologies Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • Sidermetal spa, Via Europa 50 25040 Camignone di Passirano (BS) Italy
  • Silca SpA, via Podgora 20 31029 Vittorio Veneto (TV) Italy
  • Sineco spa, Via Trieste 5 19020 Follo (La Spezia) Liguria Italy
  • SINECO SPA, VIA TRIESTE 5 19020 FOLLO Italy
  • Sofia Med SA, Gara Iskar, 4 "Dimitar Peshev" str. BG-1528 Sofia Bulgaria
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR HAC), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford United Kingdom
  • Special Metals Wiggin (OR WASA), Holmer Road HR4 9SL Hereford Herefordshire United Kingdom
  • STEELINVEST, s.r.o., Pražská 2 04011 Košice Slovakia
  • Stemin S.p.a., Via Guglielmo Marconi 67 24040 Comun Nuovo (BG) Italy
  • Süddeutsche Metallhandelsgesellschaft mbH, Heinrich-Diehl-Str. 9 90552 Röthenbach a d Pegnitz Germany
  • TCA spa, Zona Industriale Castelluccio n°11 52010 Capolona Tuscany Italy
  • Tetra Tech International, Fuchsstrasse 1 67688 Rodenbach Germany
  • Tetra Tech International, Inc., Fuchsstrasse 1 67688 Rodenbach Germany
  • THETA Doradztwo Techniczne Tomasz Gendek, Ul. Krótka 29a 95-070 Aleksandrów Łodzki Poland
  • thyssenkrupp Raw Materials, Rellinghauser Str. 3 45128 Essen NRW Germany
  • Toyota Tsusho Europe S.A., Belgicastraat 13 1930 Zaventem Belgium
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • TRIMET Aluminium SE, Aluminiumallee 1 45356 Essen NRW Germany
  • TROPAG Oscar H. Ritter Nachf. GmbH, Bundesstrasse 4 20146 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Trímet Prag s.r.o., Zámek Dobříš 263 01 Dobříš 1 Czech Republic
  • TSGE_2019-013, Lavesstraße 4 31137 Hildesheim Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • UC Rusal Aluminium Limited, Themistokli Dervis Street, 5 ELENION BUILDING, 2nd floor 1066 Nikosia Cyprus
  • UMCO GmbH, Georg-Wilhelm-Straße 187 21107 Hamburg Germany
  • Umicore Building Products France S.A.S., Les Mercuriales, Tour du Ponant 40, Rue Jean Jaurès 93170 Bagnolet Cedex France
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Umicore Specialty Powders France, 54 Avenue RHIN et DANUBE 38000 GRENOBLE France
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • VDM Metals International GmbH, Plettenberger Str. 2 58791 Werdohl Germany
  • voestalpine Böhler Welding Fontargen GmbH, Siemenstraße 4 67304 Eisenberg Germany
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Westmetall GmbH & Co. KG, Hunsrückstrasse 3 42289 Wuppertal Germany
  • Wieland-Werke AG, Graf-Arco-Strasse 36 89079 Ulm Germany
  • Wilhelm Grillo Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Am Grillopark 5 47169 Duisburg Germany
  • Wogen Resources Europe Limited, The Black Church St Mary's Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • ZML Industries S.p.a., Z.I. Viale dell'Industria 10 33085 Maniago (PN) Italy
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BHP Billiton Marketing B.V., Verheeskade 25 2521 BE Den Haag Netherlands
  • BHP Minerals Europe Ltd - OR for Pinto Valley, Neathouse Place SW1V 1LH London United Kingdom
  • Castleton Commodities UK Ltd, Berkeley Square House Berkeley Square W1J 6BD London United Kingdom
  • Codelco Kupferhandel GmbH, Louise-Dumont-Strasse 25 40211 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Codelco Services Limited, 27 Albermarle Street W1S 4HZ London United Kingdom
  • Engelhart CTP Services (UK) Limited, 4-19 Berkeley Square Berkeley Square House W1J 6BR London United Kingdom
  • Henkel Electronic Materials (Belgium) N.V., Nijverheidsstraat 7 2260 Westerlo Belgium
  • Henkel Nederland B.V., Brugwal 11 3432 NZ Nieuwegein Netherlands
  • JKL (Wakefield) Ltd, Embassy Works, Church Street, WF5 9DG, OSSETT, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
  • knoell Germany – OR – E5, Konrad-Zuse-Ring 25 68163 Mannheim Germany
  • KOVOHUTĚ HOLDING DT, a.s., Křižíkova 270 250 88 Čelákovice Czech Republic
  • Mueller Europe, Oxford Street Bilston WV14 7DS Bilston West Midalnds United Kingdom
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Sociedad Contractual Minera Tres Valles, Acton Refinery Bashley Road NW106SN London GB United Kingdom
  • Umicore Finland Oy, Kobolttiaukio 1 67900 KOKKOLA Finland

Substance names and other identifiers

Copper (Cu)
covering copper; copper, granulated
Fertilisers Regulation, Annex I, E.2.1, E.2.2 and E.2.3
Copper flakes (coated with aliphatic acid)
covering copper; copper, granulated
Biocidal active substances, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Copper, powder
covering copper; copper, granulated
Biocidal active substances
Bakar (hr)
Biocidal active substances
Baker (sl)
Biocidal active substances
Cobre (es)
Biocidal active substances
Copper (no)
Biocidal active substances
Cuivre (fr)
Biocidal active substances
Cupru (ro)
Biocidal active substances
kobber (da)
Biocidal active substances
Koper (nl)
Biocidal active substances
Koppar (sv)
Biocidal active substances
Kupari (fi)
Biocidal active substances
Kupfer (de)
Biocidal active substances
meď (sk)
Biocidal active substances
Miedź (pl)
Biocidal active substances
měď (cs)
Biocidal active substances
Ram (mt)
Biocidal active substances
Rame (it)
Biocidal active substances
Réz (hu)
Biocidal active substances
Varis (lt)
Biocidal active substances
Varš (lv)
Biocidal active substances
Vask (et)
Biocidal active substances
Χαλκός (el)
Biocidal active substances
Мед (bg)
Biocidal active substances
Copper / Rame
Registration dossier
Copper [Cu]
Registration dossier
Copper Billet Copper Cathodes Copper ingots copper nuggets
Registration dossier
copper equivalent
Registration dossier
copper flake
C&L Inventory
copper in alloy
Registration dossier
copper massive
Registration dossier
Copper metal
Registration dossier
Copper powder
C&L Inventory
COPPER POWDER (PASTE)
C&L Inventory
Copper Powders
Registration dossier
copper(1+)
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Cuivre en poudre
C&L Inventory
Cupper
C&L Inventory
atomized brass powder
Registration dossier
atomized bronze powder
Registration dossier
atomized copper powder
Registration dossier
Bleichgold Helioflex
C&L Inventory
brass chip
Registration dossier
Catodo de cobre
Registration dossier
CMCC, GAR, OFF, OFF B
Registration dossier
Copper Billet
Registration dossier
Copper Cathode
Registration dossier
Copper Cathodes
Registration dossier
Copper Cathodes, Copper Massive
Registration dossier
Copper ingots
Registration dossier
copper manganese alloy powder
Registration dossier
copper metal alloy
Registration dossier
copper nickel alloy powder
Registration dossier
copper nuggets
Registration dossier
copper phosphorous alloy powder
Registration dossier
Copper scrab
Registration dossier
Copper Scrap
Registration dossier
Cu
Registration dossier
Cu powder
Registration dossier
Cu Pulver CH SSMD
Registration dossier
Cu shot
Registration dossier
Cu-CATH-1 (LME Grado A)
Registration dossier
Cátodos y Secciones de Cátodos
Registration dossier
Deoxidized High Phosphorus (DHP) Copper
Registration dossier
electrolytic copper powder
Registration dossier
ESOX, GAR, OFF, OFF B
Registration dossier
HK Kathoden
Registration dossier
iron copper alloy powder
Registration dossier
Kupfer Stranggussformate
Registration dossier
Kupferkathoden
Registration dossier
LME Registered Grade A Copper
Registration dossier
M00k
Registration dossier
M0k
Registration dossier
M1k
Registration dossier
NORILSK
Registration dossier
NORNICKEL
Registration dossier
Off grade copper
Registration dossier
OLYDA, ERSTD, ODEW
Registration dossier
OMG ELECTROWON COPPER CATHODE
Registration dossier
ot shot
Registration dossier
Oxygen Free (OF) Copper
Registration dossier
partial alloyed bronze
Registration dossier
Pinto Valley
Registration dossier
POUDMET-, ECKA-, MicroMet-Kupferpulver
Registration dossier
Rame in catodini
Registration dossier
small copper cathodes 2
Registration dossier
SPENCE, GAR, OFF, OFF B
Registration dossier
133353-46-5
CAS number
Other
133353-47-6
CAS number
Other
1441640-38-5
CAS number
Other
195161-80-9
CAS number
Other
1993435-25-8
CAS number
Other
2056901-56-3
CAS number
Other
65555-90-0
CAS number
Other
72514-83-1
CAS number
Other
7440-50-8
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Authorisation list, Biocidal active substances, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex IV - Allowed Colorants, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Fertilisers Regulation, Annex I, E.2.1, E.2.2 and E.2.3, Water for Human Consumption Directive - Quality Criteria, IPPC, Annexes V, VI, VIII - Provisions relating to industrial plants, Annexes II, III, IV, VII - Defined & Temporary Maximum Residue Levels, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex II - Restricted Substances, Atmospheric Pollutants Directive, Annex I - Annual Emission Reporting, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Toy Safety Directive - Substances Restricted in Toys, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Flakes (50%), Powder (50%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (50%), Other (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 057 - 1 059 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
8.78 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
130 - 192 030 µg/L @ 20 - 30 °C and pH 4.03 - 8.98 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 45 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 26 1
Weight of evidence 13 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 7 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 35 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 24 3
Weight of evidence 3 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 5.2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 230 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 87 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 676 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 65 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 62 studies submitted
  • 59 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.8 - 9 150 µg/L [346]
LC50 (48 h) 5.9 - 30.2 µg/L [11]
NOEC (4 days) 12.2 - 29.2 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 8 15 36
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 33 studies submitted
  • 25 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (11 months) 14.5 - 33 µg/L [3]
NOEC (10.9 months) 10.6 µg/L [3]
NOEC (9 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8.133 months) 17.4 µg/L [3]
NOEC (6.3 months) 9.5 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 2
Weight of evidence 18 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 43 studies submitted
  • 40 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 5 - 42 µg/L [2]
EC50 (48 h) 1 - 1 213 µg/L [237]
EC50 (24 h) 12 - 23.8 µg/L [2]
LC50 (48 h) 500 - 302 000 ng/L [136]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 10 25 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 48 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 8.3 - 13.8 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3.333 months) 11 - 19.1 µg/L [2]
NOEC (63 days) 13 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 10 µg/L [1]
NOEC (46 days) 9.9 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 42 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 20 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (10 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (7 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 47 µg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 16.5 - 987 µg/L [85]
NOEC (19 days) 10.2 - 50.1 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 10 4 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 days) 30 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3.333 months) 25 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 230 - 450 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 3.818 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 3.563 - 3.8 mg/L [2]
NOEC (24 h) 320 - 640 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
230 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 30.6 - 97.4 mg/kg sediment dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 18.3 - 580.9 mg/kg sediment dw [54]
NOEC (21 days) 23.4 - 44.9 mg/kg sediment dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 21 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (10 years) 42.3 - 105.3 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (9.8 months) 139.6 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4.833 months) 34 - 64.6 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (3.667 months) 73 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (84 days) 56 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 21
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 200 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (42 days) 200 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 27.9 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [46]
NOEC (28 days) 177 mg/cm² [1]
NOEC (21 days) 400 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [11]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 months) 338 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 42 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4 days) 42 - 147 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (7 months) 42 - 158 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (6.533 months) 181 - 192 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 9
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.573 years) 400 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (1.479 years) 55 - 400 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (1.342 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (49 days) 118 - 468 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 25 - 2 400 mg/kg soil dw [23]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 11
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (No hazard identified) -
Acute /short term: (No hazard identified) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (No hazard identified) 1 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: (No hazard identified) 1 mg/m³ -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 137 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 273 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (No hazard identified) -
Acute /short term: (No hazard identified) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 137 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 273 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 26 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 300 - 2 500 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.11 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [3]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 300 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 5 110 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed Discriminating dose 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 1 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 2 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (mouse): 2 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 mg/m³ air [1]
LOEL (rat): 200 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 16.7 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 24 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant