Substance Information

Lactic acid

EC / List no.: 200-018-0

CAS no.: 50-21-5

Mol. formula: C3H6O3

formula

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes serious eye damage and causes skin irritation.

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Biocidal Uses

This substance is approved in the EEA and/or Switzerland for use in biocidal products more favourable for the environment, human or animal health. It is an authorised food additive.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, anti-freeze products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, lubricants and greases, polishes and waxes and washing & cleaning products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures and in processing aids at industrial sites.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)).

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, formulation in materials and for thermoplastic manufacture.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use as processing aid, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines).
This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, fertilisers, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids, polishes and waxes, textile treatment products and dyes, washing & cleaning products and cosmetics and personal care products.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)).

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, coating products, non-metal-surface treatment products, laboratory chemicals and washing & cleaning products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, washing & cleaning products, non-metal-surface treatment products and water treatment chemicals.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used in the following areas: mining, formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, agriculture, forestry and fishing, health services and building & construction work.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and food products.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, as processing aid and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

Manufacture

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data on substances as held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The InfoCard is automatically generated. Information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be up–to–date or complete. Substance manufacturers and importers are responsible for consulting official publications. This InfoCard is covered by the ECHA Legal Disclaimer.

ECHA logo about INFOCARD - Last updated: 05/12/2019

Categories Display