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EC number: 200-315-5
CAS number: 57-13-6
Urea is considered to be readily biodegradable.
The degradation of urea was investigated in psychrophilic bacteria in an
aqueous test system. The maximum degradation rate per hour at 20 ⁰C
was 11.6 mg/L. The average degradation rate per hour at 20 ⁰C
was 10.9 mg/L. The maximum degradation rate per hour at 2 ⁰C
was 4.0 mg/L. The average degradation rate per hour at 2 ⁰C
was 3.2 mg/L.
The biodegradation of urea was investigated in activated sludge from a
laboratory sewage treatment facility fed with adapted domestic and
synthetic sewage. Degradation levels of 3% (3 hours), 52% (7 hours), 60%
(10 days), 85% (14 days) and 96% (16 days) was seen. Urea is ultimately
biodegradable according to this study.
The biodegradation of dimethyl urea was investigated in a DOC-die away
study. The biodegradation (DOC removal) after 21 days is 90-100%.
Dimethyl urea is therefore readily biodegradable according to OECD
criteria. The degree of degradation of the reference substance was 100%
after 21 day and the degradation degree in inhibition control was 101%.
The validity criteria is therefore met according to OECD criteria.
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