Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: 2-furaldehyde
  • IUPAC name: furan-2-carbaldehyde
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
202-627-7
CAS no.:
98-01-1
Index number:
605-010-00-4
Molecular formula:
C5H4O2
SMILES:
O=CC1=CC=CO1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C5H4O2/c6-4-5-2-1-3-7-5/h1-4H
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
9
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if swallowed, is toxic if inhaled, is harmful in contact with skin, causes serious eye irritation, is suspected of causing cancer, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled, is a flammable liquid and vapour and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 1290 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Acute Tox. 3 H301 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 2 H351 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H312 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H331 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 2 H330
Flam. Liq. 3 H226
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Acute Tox. 3 H311
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Acute Tox. 1 H330
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
STOT SE 2 H371
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://www.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 10 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, coating products and biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products).

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, non-industrial spraying, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and roller or brushing applications.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use as reactive substance.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers and extraction agents. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: scientific research and development and health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, for thermoplastic manufacture and in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; obtain special instructions before use; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If on skin: wash with soap and water.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Euro PET Ltd, Tower Offices, Weelington Mills 64 Plover Road HD3 3HR Huddersfield United Kingdom
  • International Furan Chemicals, Rotterdam Airportplein 33 3045 AP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Lenzing AG, Werkstraße 4860 Lenzing Austria
  • Nutrafur, S.A., Camino Viejo de Pliego s/n 30820 Alcantarilla Murcia Spain
  • Otentic Customs BV, Zeilmakerij 8 4906 CW Oosterhout Netherlands
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • Tanin Sevnica d.d., Hermanova 1 8290 Sevnica Slovenia
  • TransFurans Chemical bvba, Industriepark, Leukaard 2 B-2440 Geel Belgium
  • Vesuvius UK Ltd, 1 Midland Way Central Park S43 4XA Barlborough Links Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany

Other names

  • -
  • 2-formyl furan
  • 2-Furaldehyd
  • 2-FURALDEHYDE
  • 2-Furfural
  • furan-2-carbaldehyde
  • FURFURAL
  • Furfural, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
  • 2- Furaldehyde
  • 2-Formylfuran
  • 2-Furaldehyde
  • 2-Furanaldehyde
  • 2-Furancarbonal
  • 2-Furancarboxaldehyde
  • 2-Furfural
  • 2-Furyl-methanal
  • 2-Furylaldehyde
  • alpha-Furole
  • artificial ant oil
  • Artificial oil of ants
  • Fural
  • Furaldehyde
  • Furale
  • Furan-2-carbaldehyde
  • Furfural
  • Furfuraldehyde
  • Furfurane carboxylic aldehyde
  • Furfurol
  • Furfurole
  • Furole
  • Pyromucic aldehyde
  • 2-Furancarboxaldehyde
  • furfural

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-39 - -36.5 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-37 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
161.8 - 162 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
162 °C

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
1.15 - 1.16 g/cm³ @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.16

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
3.33 hPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.41 - 0.83 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.41

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
83 g/L @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
83 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
43.5 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Flash point
60 - 68 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
60 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
315 - 393 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
392 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
1.49 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
10.56 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
10.56 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
17.1

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0.2 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 33 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 27 µg/L (1)
Marine water 3.3 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 7.6 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 120 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 12 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 2.6 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 35.3 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 10.5 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
10.5 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (12 days) 330 - 470 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
330 µg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 13 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 29 - 39 mg/L [2]
EC0 (24 h) 13 mg/L [1]
EC100 (24 h) 51 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
13 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 1.9 mg/L [1]
LOEC (21 days) 3.7 mg/L [1]
EC50 (21 days) 3.7 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
1.9 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 days) 2.7 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
2.7 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 760 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
760 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (14 days) 225 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (14 days) 406.18 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC100 (14 days) 864.4 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Short-term EC50 / LC50
406.18 mg/kg soil dw
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
225 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 37.5 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (28 days) 75 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LC50 (28 days) 54 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LD50 (4 days) 81.5 - 100 µg per animal [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
37.5 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
26 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.267 months) 448 kg/ha [1]
NOEC (70 days) 448 kg/ha [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / NOEC
597 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17.8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 152 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 20 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 136 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 20 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.4 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.4 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 2.4 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 100 - 108 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 540 - 1 630 mg/m³ air (rat) [2]
LC50 (60 min) 3.91 - 4.15 mg/L air (rat) [3]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 53 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 8 - 320 mg/m³ air [4]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 15
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant