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EC number: -
CAS number: -
No chronic toxic effects to fish up to the limit of water solubility (< 1 mg/L) is expected, however a further long term toxicity test to aquatic invertebrates for tetra-esterification products of C5, C7, C8, C10 fatty acids with pentraerythritol (CAS 68424-31-7) is planned.
The chemical safety assessment according to Annex I of Regulation (EC)
No. 1907/2006 does not indicate the need to investigate further the
long-term toxicity to fish. Thus, in accordanceto Annex IX, column
2 no further long-term toxicity testing to fish is proposed.
The available experimental studies on aquatic toxicity for all
members of the polyol esters category and in particular those which were
chosen as suitable read across all show that on all three trophic levels
no acute toxic effects up to the water solubility occur. Furthermore the
available data on the long term toxicity of aquatic invertebrates does
not reveal adverse effects to daphnids.Further experimental studies for
long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates for tetra-esterification
products of C5, C7, C8, C10 fatty acids with pentraerythritol (CAS
68424-31-7), 2,2-bis[[(1-oxopentyl) oxy]methyl]propane-1,3-diyl
divalerate (CAS 15834-04-5), tetraesters from esterification of
pentaerythritol with pentanoic, heptanoic and isononanoic acids (CAS
acids, C8, C10, C12, C14, C16 esters with pentaerythritol, reaction
product of coconut oil fatty acids, C8-10 fatty acid mix and
pentaerythritol (CAS 85049-33-8)are planned.
These studies together with a 21 day-long-term study with Daphnia
magna (Letinski and Bragin, 2012) for decanoic acid, mixed esters with
heptanoic acid, octanoic acid, pentaerythritol and valeric acid (CAS
71010-76-9) and a 15 day-long-term study with Daphnia magna (Low, 1996)
for fatty acids, C8-10 (even numbered), di-and triesters with
propylidynetrimethanol (CAS 11138-60-6) will provide sufficient evidence
for the chronic ecotoxicity of this substance.
Moreover, as there was no sign that fish are the most sensitive species
in the short term tests, one can expected that a long-term test with
fish will not generate different results than the existing long-term
test with Daphnia. Hence due to animal welfare reasons and to avoid
unnecessary vertebrate tests, no further long-term test with fish is
required for pentaerythritol tetraesters of n-decanoic, n-heptanoic,
n-octanoic and n-valeric acids (CAS 68424-31-7). In addition, due to its
ready biodegradability it is not likely that aquatic organisms are
exposed to the test substance since it will be ultimately degraded in
sewage treatment plants. Therefore, it can be concluded that chronic
exposure of this substance to fish is unlikely and that it would not
pose a higher risk to fish than it does to daphnids.
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice.Reproduction or further distribution of this information may be subject to copyright protection. Use of the information without obtaining the permission from the owner(s) of the respective information might violate the rights of the owner.
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